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Member states of the African Union

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Member states of the African Union

The member states of the African Union are the 54 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, whose status is disputed, as a member state. Spain, primarily a European country, maintains sovereignty over several cities on the African mainland and the Canary Islands off the coast, but is only accredited to the African Union.[2]

The African Union is composed of fifty two republics and two kingdoms. The total population of the AU is 1,068,444,000 (2013).[3]

Membership

List

      Membership suspended

      Membership withdrawn
Flag
African Union State
Accession
Population
Area (km²)
Capital
Language(s)
Notes
Algeria 1963-05-25 38,813,722 2,381,741 Algiers Arabic
Angola 1979-02-11 16,941,000 1,246,700 Luanda Portuguese
Benin 1963-05-25 6,769,914 112,622 Porto-Novo French
Botswana 1966-10-31 1,639,833 600,370 Gaborone English
Setswana
Burkina Faso 1963-05-25 13,228,000 274,000 Ouagadougou French
Burundi 1963-05-25 3,589,434 27,830 Bujumbura French
Kirundi
Cabo Verde 1975-07-18 503,000 4,033 Praia Portuguese
Cameroon 1963-05-25 17,795,000 475,442 Yaoundé English
French
Central African Republic 1963-05-25 4,216,666 622,984 Bangui French
Sango
Chad 1963-05-25 10,780,600 1,284,000 N'Djamena Arabic
French
Comoros 1975-07-18 798,000 2,235 Moroni Arabic
Comorian
French
Côte d'Ivoire 1963-05-25 18,373,060 322,460 Yamoussoukro French
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1963-05-25 62,600,000 2,344,858 Kinshasa French
Republic of the Congo 1963-05-25 3,999,000 342,000 Brazzaville French
Djibouti 1977-06-27 496,374 23,200 Djibouti Arabic
French
Egypt 1963-05-25 86,502,500 1,002,450 Cairo Arabic
Equatorial Guinea 1968-10-12 504,000 28,051 Malabo French
Spanish
Eritrea 1993-05-24 4,401,009 117,600 Asmara Arabic
Tigrinya
Ethiopia 1963-05-25 96,633,458 1,104,300 Addis Ababa Amharic
Gabon 1963-05-25 1,454,867 267,745 Libreville French
Gambia 1965-10 1,700,000 10,380 Banjul English
Ghana 1963-05-25 23,000,000 238,535 Accra English
Guinea 1963-05-25 10,211,437 245,857 Conakry French
Guinea-Bissau 1973-11-19 1,586,000 36,544 Bissau Portuguese
Kenya 1963-12-13 37,953,840 580,367 Nairobi English
Swahili
Lesotho 1966-10-31 1,795,000 30,355 Maseru English
Sesotho
Liberia 1963-05-25 3,489,072 111,369 Monrovia English
Libya 1963-05-25 6,244,174 1,759,541 Tripoli Arabic
Madagascar 1963-05-25 20,042,551 587,041 Antananarivo French
Malagasy
Malawi 1964-07-13 13,931,831 118,484 Lilongwe English
Chichewa
Mali 1963-05-25 11,995,402 1,240,192 Bamako French
Mauritania 1963-05-25 3,516,806 1,030,700 Nouakchott Arabic
Mauritius 1968-08 1,264,866 2,040 Port Louis English
Mozambique 1975-07-18 21,397,000 801,590 Maputo Portuguese
Namibia 1990-06 2,088,669 825,418 Windhoek English
Niger 1963-05-25 13,272,679 1,267,000 Niamey French
Nigeria 1963-05-25 154,729,000 923,768 Abuja English
Rwanda 1963-05-25 10,186,063 26,798 Kigali English
French
Kinyarwanda
Sahrawi Republic (Western Sahara) 1982-02-22 267,405 266,000 El Aaiun (de jure claimed)
Tifariti (de facto temporary)
Arabic
Spanish
São Tomé and Príncipe 1975-07-18 157,000 964 São Tomé Portuguese
Senegal 1963-05-25 11,658,000 196,723 Dakar French
Seychelles 1976-06-29 82,247 451 Victoria English
French
Seychellois Creole
Sierra Leone 1963-05-25 6,294,774 71,740 Freetown English
Somalia 1963-05-25 9,558,666 637,661 Mogadishu Arabic
Somali
South Africa 1994-06-06 47,900,000 1,221,037 Pretoria (executive)
Bloemfontein (judicial)
Cape Town (legislative)
Afrikaans
English
Southern Ndebele
Northern Sotho
Southern Sotho
Swazi
Tsonga
Tswana
Venda
Xhosa
Zulu
South Sudan 2011-07-27 8,260,490 619,745 Juba English
Sudan 1963-05-25 35,482,233 1,886,068 Khartoum Arabic
English
Swaziland 1968-09-24 1,141,000 17,364 Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
English
Swati
Tanzania 1964-01-16 45,000,000 945,203 Dodoma English
Swahili
Togo 1963-05-25 6,585,000 56,785 Lomé French
Tunisia 1963-05-25 10,937,521 163,610 Tunis Arabic
Uganda 1963-05-25 30,900,000 241,038 Kampala English
Swahili
Zambia 1964-12-16 11,668,000 752,618 Lusaka English
Zimbabwe 1980-06 13,349,000 390,757 Harare English
Ndebele
Shona
Morocco 1963-05-25 32,987,206 446,550 Rabat Arabic
Berber

Accession

South Africa joined on 6 June 1994 after the end of the apartheid and the April 1994 general election.

South Sudan, which seceded from Sudan on 9 July 2011, joined the AU on 27 July 2011.[10] Following the announcement of the results of the South Sudanese independence referendum, an official AU statement noted "the AU will be keen, at the end of the interim period, on 9 July 2011, to welcome into its ranks the 54th member state of the Union".[11] It's the AU's most recent member state. Morocco is the only other African Nation (other than dependencies that are considered within the African Continent) that could join (or, more precisely, re-activate its membership).

Suspension

Currently, one member state, Central African Republic, is suspended due to a coup d'état and political struggles.

Political system

The AU is composed of fifty-two republics, and two kingdoms. In its history more monarchies existed but they were abolished.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ http://au.int/en/partnerships/others
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ "African Union Welcomes South Sudan as the 54th Member State of the Union", African Union, 2011-07-27. Retrieved on 2011-07-29.
  11. ^
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