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Matti Nykänen

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Title: Matti Nykänen  
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Subject: Gregor Schlierenzauer, Thomas Morgenstern, Andreas Felder, Simon Ammann, List of Four Hills Tournament winners
Collection: 1963 Births, Finnish Erotic Dancers, Finnish Pop Singers, Finnish Ski Jumpers, Fis Nordic World Ski Championships Medalists in Ski Jumping, Holmenkollen Medalists, Holmenkollen Winners, Living People, Medalists at the 1984 Winter Olympics, Medalists at the 1988 Winter Olympics, Olympic Gold Medalists for Finland, Olympic Medalists in Ski Jumping, Olympic Ski Jumpers of Finland, People Convicted of Assault, People from Jyväskylä, Ski Jumpers at the 1984 Winter Olympics, Ski Jumpers at the 1988 Winter Olympics
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Matti Nykänen

Matti Ensio Nykänen (   ) (born 17 July 1963) is a Finnish former ski jumper who won five Olympic medals (four gold), nine World Championship medals (five gold) and 22 Finnish Championship medals (13 gold).

Most notably, Nykänen won three gold medals at the 1988 Winter Olympics, becoming, along with Yvonne van Gennip of the Netherlands, the most successful athlete at that event. Nykänen is the only ski jumper in history to have won all five of the sport's major competitions: a gold medal in the Winter Olympics (three times), the World Championships (once), the Ski Flying World Championships (once), four overall World Cup titles, and the Four Hills Tournament (twice).

Since the 1990s, his status as a celebrity has mainly been fueled, not by his sporting achievements, but instead by his colourful personal relationships, his career as a singer, and various incidents often related to heavy use of alcohol and violent behavior. He was sentenced to jail for 26 months following a stabbing incident in 2004, and again for 16 months after aggravated assault on his wife in 2009.[12]


Nykänen on a postage stamp

For most of the 1980s, Nykänen and Jens Weißflog of East Germany dominated the sport. Nykänen won gold and silver at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo. His 17.5-point gold medal victory was the largest margin of victory in Olympic ski jumping at the time. He was also the first ever to win gold medals on both hills at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary. In 1986 he flew 191 metres in Planica, a world record that stood briefly until Piotr Fijas (Poland) flew 194 metres, again in Planica, in 1987. His other achievements include a total of nine medals (five golds) at the World Championship level. He also won a total of 46 World Cup competitions (Only topped by record-holder Gregor Schlierenzauer, Austria) and won the overall title four times (also a record, currently shared with Adam Małysz POL). He won the prestigious Four Hills Tournament twice.[13] He competed in the FIS Ski Flying World Championships five times and placed in the medals every time. Nykänen also won the ski jumping competition at the Holmenkollen ski festival twice (1982, 1987). In 1987, Nykänen was awarded the Holmenkollen Medal (shared with Hermann Weinbuch).[14]

On 28 February 2008, he won the International Masters Championship, the world title for veterans.

World Cup


Season Overall SF 4H
1980-81 26 N/A
1981-82 4 N/A 11
1982-83 N/A
1983-84 N/A
1984-85 1st N/A
1985-86 1st N/A
1986-87 6 N/A 65
1987-88 1st N/A 1st
1988-89 9 N/A 2nd
1989-90 19 N/A 16


No. Season Date Place Hill Size
1 1981–82 30 Dec 1981 Oberstdorf Schattenbergschanze K-110 LH
2 28 Feb 1982 Oslo Holmenkollbakken K-105 LH
3 12 Mar 1982 Tauplitz Kulm K-165 FH
4 1982–83 18 Dec 1982 Cortina d’Ampezzo Trampolino Olimpico Italia K-92 NH
5 4 Jan 1983 Innsbruck Bergiselschanze K-104 LH
6 15 Jan 1983 Lake Placid MacKenzie Intervale K-114 LH
7 16 Jan 1983 Lake Placid MacKenzie Intervale K-114 LH
8 23 Jan 1983 Thunder Bay Big Thunder K-120 LH
9 18 Feb 1983 Vikersund Vikersundbakken K-155 FH
10 19 Feb 1983 Vikersund Vikersundbakken K-155 FH
11 20 Feb 1983 Vikersund Vikersundbakken K-155 FH
12 27 Feb 1983 Falun Lugnet K-112 LH
13 26 Mar 1983 Planica Bloudek Normal Hill K-92 NH
14 1983–84 18 Feb 1984 Sarajevo Igman Olympic Jumps K-112 LH
15 2 Mar 1984 {Lahti Salpausselkä K-88 NH
16 4 Mar 1984 Lahti Salpausselkä K-113 LH
17 17 Mar 1984 Oberstdorf Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze K-182 FH
18 18 Mar 1984 Oberstdorf Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze K-182 FH
19 1984–85 4 Jan 1985 Innsbruck Bergiselschanze K-109 LH
20 9 Feb 1985 Sapporo Miyanomori K-90 NH
21 1 Mar 1985 Lahti Salpausselkä K-88 NH
22 10 Mar 1985 Oslo Holmenkollbakken K-105 LH
23 23 Mar 1985 Štrbské Pleso MS 1970 B K-88 NH
24 24 Mar 1985 Štrbské Pleso MS 1970 A K-114 LH
25 1985–86 11 Jan 1986 Harrachov Čerťák K-120 LH
26 17 Jan 1986 Klingenthal Aschbergschanze K-102 LH
27 25 Jan 1986 Sapporo Miyanomori K-90 NH
28 26 Jan 1986 Sapporo Ōkurayama K-112 LH
29 1 Mar 1986 Lahti Salpausselkä K-90 NH
30 2 Mar 1986 Lahti Salpausselkä K-113 LH
31 22 Mar 1986 Planica Bloudek Normal Hill K-90 NH
32 1986–87 7 Dec 1986 Thunder Bay Big Thunder K-120 LH
33 1 Mar 1986 Lahti Salpausselkä K-88 NH
34 8 Mar 1987 Falun Lugnet K-112 LH
35 1987–88 5 Dec 1987 Thunder Bay Big Thunder K-89 NH
36 6 Dec 1987 Thunder Bay Big Thunder K-120 LH
37 19 Dec 1987 Sapporo Miyanomori K-90 NH
38 20 Dec 1987 Sapporo Ōkurayama K-115 LH
39 1 Jan 1988 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Große Olympiaschanze K-107 LH
40 4 Jan 1988 Innsbruck Bergiselschanze K-109 LH
41 6 Jan 1988 Bischofshofen Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze K-111 LH
42 20 Jan 1988 St. Moritz Olympiaschanze K-94 NH
43 4 Mar 1988 Lahti Salpausselkä K-90 NH
44 6 Mar 1988 Lahti Salpausselkä K-114 LH
45 1988–89 17 Dec 1988 Sapporo Miyanomori K-90 NH
46 1 Jan 1989 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Große Olympiaschanze K-107 LH

Personal life

Nykänen has been married several times:

  • Tiina Hassinen (1986–1988), one son[16]
    • Pia Hynninen (1989–1991), one daughter[16]
    • Sari Paanala (1996–1998)[16] (Nykänen changed his surname to Paanala during this marriage[18])

      Relationship with Mervi Tapola

      Nykänen met millionaire sausage heiress Mervi Tapola in 1999,[16] and they were married from 2001 to 2003.[19] They were divorced in 2003, and remarried in 2004.[19] This marriage was tempestuous and gave rise to many well-publicised incidents: The first reported assault against Tapola occurred in June 2000, following which a restraining order was imposed upon Nykänen.[19] In 2004, Nykänen was handed a suspended sentence for assaulting Tapola again. Nykänen had already been accused of assaulting Tapola in 2001, but the charges were withdrawn because Tapola exercised her right to remain silent.[20]

      In September 2005, while on probation for another assault, Nykänen was re-arrested four days after his release for again abusing his partner. Nykänen was convicted again and imprisoned for four months on 16 March 2006; Soon after that he stabbed a man in a pizza restaurant in Korpilahti.[20] In the summer of 2009 Tapola (then Tapola-Nykänen) petitioned for divorce a 14th time, but cancelled it.[21]

      On Christmas Day 2009 Nykänen allegedly injured his wife with a knife and tried to throttle her with a bathrobe belt. He was charged for attempted manslaughter and held in custody by Tampere police,[20] but was released on 28 December after charges were dropped for insufficient evidence. On 24 August 2010 Nykänen was convicted of grievous bodily harm and sentenced to 16 months in jail[12] and ordered to pay 5,000 euros in compensation to his wife for pain and emotional suffering, and 3,000 euros for legal expenses.[23] In August 2010 Tapola made a 15th request for divorce.

      Assault incident

      On 24 August 2004, Matti Nykänen was arrested on suspicion of attempted manslaughter of a family friend after losing a finger pulling competition[24] in Tottijärvi, Nokia.[25] He was found guilty of aggravated assault and sentenced to a 26-month jail term in October 2004.[12] As it was a first offence, he was released from jail in September 2005.

      As an entertainer

      When Nykänen's ski jumping career was drawing to a close, a group of businessmen proposed to make him a singer. His first album Yllätysten yö was released in 1992 and sold over 25,000 copies.[27] Nykänen became the second Olympic gold medalist after Tapio Rautavaara to be awarded a golden record in Finland. The next album Samurai (1993) was not as successful.

      At the end of the 1990s, due to serious financial problems, Nykänen worked as a stripper in a Järvenpää restaurant. The restaurateur was reproached for exploitation of Nykänen.[28]

      In 2002 Nykänen made a comeback as a singer and released the single "Ehkä otin, ehkä en". He also gave his name to a cider brand with the same advertisement slogan.[30] In 2006 Nykänen released his third studio album Ehkä otin, ehkä en.[32] Most of his musical career Nykänen has worked with professional musician Jussi Niemi. Nykänen has toured Finland performing 2 to 3 times a week with the Samurai ensemble led by Niemi.[33]

      Many of Nykänen's singles are named after some (in)famous quotes by Nykänen, such as Elämä on laiffii ('Life is life'), Jokainen tsäänssi on mahdollisuus ('Every chance is a possibility'), and Ehkä otin, ehkä en ('Maybe I did [drink], maybe I didn't').

      In November 2009 Nykänen began to present his own cooking web series Mattihan se sopan keitti.



      • A movie about the life of Matti Nykänen simply called Matti was released in 2006, with Finnish actor Jasper Pääkkönen cast as Nykänen. The movie concentrated on Nykänen's exploits beyond the ski-jumping hills.


      • Matti Nykänen, Päivi Ainasoja and Manu Syrjänen: Mattihan se sopan keitti (2007)[35]
        • Juha-Veli Jokinen: Missä me ollaan ja oonko mäkin siellä (2007)[35]
        • Juha-Veli Jokinen: Elämä on laiffii (2006)[35]
        • Kai Merilä: Matin ja minun rankka reissu (2005)[35]
        • Egon Theiner: Grüsse aus der Hölle (2004)[35][38] (the English version of the book Greetings from Hell was published in January 2006)
          • Antero Kujala: Voittohyppy (1999)[35]
          • Antti Arve: Matti Nykänen Maailman paras (1988)[35]
          • Kari Kyheröinen and Hannu Miettinen: Takalaudasta täysillä: Matti Nykäsen tie maailmanhuipulle (1984)[35]
          • Juha-Veli Jokinen: Myötä- ja vastamäessä (2010)[35]

          Cultural references

          • In 1988 DPR Korea issued a postage stamp depicting Matti Nykänen in the flight during competition.


        • ^
        • ^ ATF Executive Staff, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ As early as the year 1918, however, the Bureau of Internal Revenue had begun using the name "Internal Revenue Service" on at least one tax form. See Form 1040, Individual Income Tax Return for year 1918, as republished in historical documents section of Publication 1796 (Rev. Feb. 2007), Internal Revenue Service, U.S. Department of the Treasury. Form 1040s for years 1918, 1919, and 1920 bore the name "Internal Revenue Service". For the tax years 1921 through 1928 the name was dropped, then was re-added for the 1929 tax year.
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ a b pages 62–64
        • ^
        • ^ a b c
        • ^
        • ^ Holmenkollen medalists – downloadable pdf file.
        • ^
        • ^ a b c d
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ a b c Matti ja Mervi yhdessä kymmenen vuotta
        • ^ a b c Satakunnan Kansa: Matti Nykänen viilsi keittiöveitsellä Mervi Tapolaa
        • ^ Helsingin Sanomat: Mervi Tapola-Nykänen veti pois avioerohakemuksen
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ Nykäselle yli 2 vuotta vankeutta
        • ^ Syyttäjä vaatii Nykäsen tuomion koventamista
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ YLE A-tuubi: A-Files 40V: Matti nykänen nakuna (video)
        • ^
        • ^
        • ^ a b
        • ^
        • ^ Aluelehti Saimaa: Matti Nykänen Enonkosken Rantsussa
        • ^
        • ^ a b c d e f g h i
        • ^ a b c Cover and pages 19-23
        • ^ Ruby Ridge: Report of the Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Technology and Government Information, 1995. "It was later established that these rumors were unfounded."
        • ^
        • Finnish

          • Official website


          • Holmenkollen medalists – click Holmenkollmedaljen for downloadable pdf file
          • Holmenkollen winners since 1892 – click Vinnere for downloadable pdf file

          External links

          • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

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