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Masuccio Salernitano

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Title: Masuccio Salernitano  
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Subject: The Phantom Lady, Romeo, Romeo and Juliet, 1410, 1475
Collection: 1410 Births, 1475 Deaths, Italian Male Poets, Italian Poets, People from Salerno
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Masuccio Salernitano

Masuccio Salernitano (Tommaso Guardati).

Masuccio Salernitano (1410–1475), born Tommaso Guardati, was an Italian poet.

Born in Salerno or Sorrento, he is best known today for Il Novellino, a collection of 50 "novelle" or short stories, each prefaced by a letter of dedication to a famous person and with an epilogue containing the "moral" of the story.

The stories have a strongly anti-clerical bent, which caused Il Novellino to be included in the first Index of Prohibited Books in 1557.

The 33rd of these stories is the story of Mariotto and Ganozza, which was apparently adapted by Luigi da Porto (1485–1529) first as Giulietta e Romeo and later as Historia novellamente ritrovata di due nobili amanti ("Newly retrieved story of two noble lovers"). These three stories, plus another later version by Matteo Bandello and the English translation by Arthur Brooke in the poem Tragicall Historye of Romeus and Juliet (1562) appear to be the sources for Shakespeare's famous play Romeo and Juliet.

References

  • "Shakespeare in Love"—The Supressed Italian Connection by Nicholas A. Patricca [sic]
  • Short biography of Salernitano (in Italian).
  • , by Masuccio SalernitanoIl Novellino, Novella XXXIII - The electronic text in Italian of the original story (requires free registration). The complete text of Il Novellino is available as well.
    • The site is part of ICoN, short for "Italian Culture on the net", a project of a consortium of Italian universities.
  • , by Masuccio SalernitanoIl Novellino Download complete Italian text in PDF format (free, no registration required)
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