World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0007713012
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mashwani  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites, Gandghar, Bande Nawaz, Hari Singh Nalwa, Sirikot, Hindkowans, Arabs in Pakistan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Mashwani (also Moshwani, Mishwani, or Miswani) (Urdu: مشوانی‎) are a Sayyid Pashtun tribe living predominantly in Pakistan.


The Mashwani tribe descended from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and Babul Ilm Ali Ibne Abu Talib. The lineage transcends from Imam Hussain and Imam Jafer Sadiq through his son Muhammad Ismail. The progenitor of the Mashwanis migrated from what is now Iraq and then to Iran circa 800CE, when Abbasid Caliphate Qaf migrated to Iran. Qaf was the 4th generation descendant of Imam Jafar al Sadiq. Kalan Gesu Daraz (Awwal) was the son of Qaf and fifth generation of Imam Jafer Al Sadiq. He was the prince of Persia in around 800 C.E. The first Bande Nawaz|Kalan Al-Hussaini (commonly known as Banda Nawaz Gaisu Daraz) married a Pashtun woman of the Kakar tribe and had two sons, Stouryani (Ustarana) and Mashwani. In the Pashto language, an old Ink-pot is called Mashwani, so the "Mashwani" is the title of Masood Ali Shah Al-Hussaini. Banda Nawaz Muhammad Kalan Gaisu Daraaz was a famous saint, mystic, and preacher of Islam. Due to his long hair he was called Gaisu Daraaz. He died at Koh-e-Solaiman. Later, the Mashwani tribe migrated to different parts of Sub-Continent of Asia. [1]

  • Shajra-e-Nasb
  1. Muhammad Mustafa
  2. Fatima-tuz-Zehra W/O Ali Ibn-e-Abu Talib
  3. Imam Hussain
  4. Imam Ali (Zain-ul-Abideen, Sajjad)
  5. Imam Muhammad Baqir
  6. Imam Muhammad Jafer Sadiq
  7. Muhammad Ismail
  8. Shah Jalal
  9. Shah Qaim
  10. Qaf
  11. Muhammad Kalan Gesu Daraz Awwal
  12. Masood Ali Shah Mashwani

Mashwanis are related to Gandapurs or Afghanpurs. They cite Gandapur, Mashwani, Wardak, and Ustrana as being brothers and the sons of Muhammad Kalan Husyni. After the migration from Afghanistan to Iran, the Gandapurs settled in the Daman Valley of present District Dera Ismail Khan. The Ustrana tribe also resided over the mountains of Koh-e-Suleman, and the Wardaks founded District Mardan.

The Mashwanis played an active role in resistance against the Sikh invasion and occupation of the Hazara region during the 19th century. During the Sikh occupation of Hazara, Muslims were persecuted and Muslim monuments were destroyed.

Mashwani have been historically soldiers and were part of different armies. Many Mashwani are now soldiers in Pakistan Army. Many people from the Mashwani tribe who scattered in the Pakistani provinces of Frontier and Baluchistan have risen to fame in various fields.


  • https://en.World Heritage
  • Short Sketch of Muslim Races by Ali Sher Ali
  • Gulistan-e-Chisht India
  • Mukhzan-e-Afghani, Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II,Tazkara-e-Sadaat, Halat-e-Mashwani
  • Manaqib-al-Aoliya
  • Tareekh-e-Hazara
  • Tareekh-e-Tibri
  • Muarat-al-Asraar
  • Tareekh-e-Hazara
  • Khazina-e-Asfiya Part-I (Persian)
  • Siraj-al-Tawareek (Persian)
  • Daar-ul-Muaarif
  • Khursheed Jahaan (Persian)
  • Tazkara-Tul-Aoliya
  • Tuzk-e-Jahangiri
  • Tazkara-e-Ghosiya
  • Tareeh-e-Muhammadi
  • Tareekh-e-Jaduliya
  • Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II (Persian)
  • Roza-e-Islam
  • Ser-e-Muhammadi
  • Hazara District Gezetor (English)-1907
  • Safina-tul-Aoliya
  • Mukhzan-e-Afghani
  • Muarij-al-Walaya
  • Akhbar-al-Aoliya
  • Nafhat-Al-Ans
  • Hayat-e-Afghani
  • Tazkara-e-Sadaat

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.