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Mashwani

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Title: Mashwani  
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Subject: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Theory of Pashtun descent from Israelites, Gandghar, Bande Nawaz, Hari Singh Nalwa, Sirikot, Hindkowans, Arabs in Pakistan
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Mashwani

The Mashwani (also Moshwani, Mishwani, or Miswani) (Urdu: مشوانی‎) are a Sayyid Pashtun tribe living predominantly in Pakistan.

History

The Mashwani tribe descended from the Islamic prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and Babul Ilm Ali Ibne Abu Talib. The lineage transcends from Imam Hussain and Imam Jafer Sadiq through his son Muhammad Ismail. The progenitor of the Mashwanis migrated from what is now Iraq and then to Iran circa 800CE, when Abbasid Caliphate Qaf migrated to Iran. Qaf was the 4th generation descendant of Imam Jafar al Sadiq. Kalan Gesu Daraz (Awwal) was the son of Qaf and fifth generation of Imam Jafer Al Sadiq. He was the prince of Persia in around 800 C.E. The first Bande Nawaz|Kalan Al-Hussaini (commonly known as Banda Nawaz Gaisu Daraz) married a Pashtun woman of the Kakar tribe and had two sons, Stouryani (Ustarana) and Mashwani. In the Pashto language, an old Ink-pot is called Mashwani, so the "Mashwani" is the title of Masood Ali Shah Al-Hussaini. Banda Nawaz Muhammad Kalan Gaisu Daraaz was a famous saint, mystic, and preacher of Islam. Due to his long hair he was called Gaisu Daraaz. He died at Koh-e-Solaiman. Later, the Mashwani tribe migrated to different parts of Sub-Continent of Asia. [1]

  • Shajra-e-Nasb
  1. Muhammad Mustafa
  2. Fatima-tuz-Zehra W/O Ali Ibn-e-Abu Talib
  3. Imam Hussain
  4. Imam Ali (Zain-ul-Abideen, Sajjad)
  5. Imam Muhammad Baqir
  6. Imam Muhammad Jafer Sadiq
  7. Muhammad Ismail
  8. Shah Jalal
  9. Shah Qaim
  10. Qaf
  11. Muhammad Kalan Gesu Daraz Awwal
  12. Masood Ali Shah Mashwani

Mashwanis are related to Gandapurs or Afghanpurs. They cite Gandapur, Mashwani, Wardak, and Ustrana as being brothers and the sons of Muhammad Kalan Husyni. After the migration from Afghanistan to Iran, the Gandapurs settled in the Daman Valley of present District Dera Ismail Khan. The Ustrana tribe also resided over the mountains of Koh-e-Suleman, and the Wardaks founded District Mardan.

The Mashwanis played an active role in resistance against the Sikh invasion and occupation of the Hazara region during the 19th century. During the Sikh occupation of Hazara, Muslims were persecuted and Muslim monuments were destroyed.

Mashwani have been historically soldiers and were part of different armies. Many Mashwani are now soldiers in Pakistan Army. Many people from the Mashwani tribe who scattered in the Pakistani provinces of Frontier and Baluchistan have risen to fame in various fields.

References

  • http://www.scribd.com/doc/76600541/Shujra-e-Nasab-is
  • https://en.World Heritage Encyclopedia.org/wiki/Bande_Nawaz
  • Short Sketch of Muslim Races by Ali Sher Ali
  • Gulistan-e-Chisht India
  • Mukhzan-e-Afghani, Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II,Tazkara-e-Sadaat, Halat-e-Mashwani
  • Manaqib-al-Aoliya
  • Tareekh-e-Hazara
  • Tareekh-e-Tibri
  • Muarat-al-Asraar
  • Tareekh-e-Hazara
  • Khazina-e-Asfiya Part-I (Persian)
  • Siraj-al-Tawareek (Persian)
  • Daar-ul-Muaarif
  • Khursheed Jahaan (Persian)
  • Tazkara-Tul-Aoliya
  • Tuzk-e-Jahangiri
  • Tazkara-e-Ghosiya
  • Tareeh-e-Muhammadi
  • Tareekh-e-Jaduliya
  • Tawareekh-e-Farishta Part I-II (Persian)
  • Roza-e-Islam
  • Ser-e-Muhammadi
  • Hazara District Gezetor (English)-1907
  • Safina-tul-Aoliya
  • Mukhzan-e-Afghani
  • Muarij-al-Walaya
  • Akhbar-al-Aoliya
  • Nafhat-Al-Ans
  • Hayat-e-Afghani
  • Tazkara-e-Sadaat

External links

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