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Loyal Order of Moose

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Loyal Order of Moose

Lodge 168, Brooklyn, New York

The Loyal Order of Moose is a Mooseheart, Illinois.

Moose International supports the operation of Mooseheart Child City & School, a 1,023-acre (4.14 km2) community for children and teens in need, located 40 miles (64 km) west of Chicago; and Moosehaven, a 63-acre (250,000 m2) retirement community for its members near Jacksonville, Florida. Also, Moose Lodges and Chapters conduct approximately $75 million worth of community service (counting monetary donations and volunteer hours worked) annually.

Additionally, the Moose organization conducts numerous sports and recreational programs, in local Lodge/Chapter facilities called either Moose Family Centers or Activity Centers, in the majority of 44 State and Provincial Associations, and on a fraternity-wide basis.


  • History 1
    • Mooseheart & Moosehaven 1.1
  • Organization 2
  • Membership 3
  • Rituals 4
    • Gustin-Kenny incident 4.1
  • Benefits and philanthropy 5
  • Independent, Benevolent and Protective Order of Moose 6
  • Religious objections 7
  • Notable Moose members 8
    • Presidents 8.1
    • Other politicians 8.2
    • Entertainers 8.3
    • Athletes 8.4
    • Other 8.5
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


The Loyal Order of Moose was founded in Louisville, Kentucky, in the spring of 1888 by Dr. John Henry Wilson. Originally intended purely as a men's social club, lodges were soon founded in Cincinnati, Ohio, St. Louis, Missouri and Crawfordsville and Frankfort, Indiana. The early order was not prosperous. Dr. Wilson himself was dissatisfied and left the order of the Moose before the turn of the century.[1] When Albert C. Stevens was compiling his Cyclopedia of Fraternities in the late 1890s he was unable to ascertain whether it was still in existence.[2]

In the fall of 1906 the Order only had the two Indiana lodges remaining. On October 27 of that year

  • Moose International in the United States
  • List of Moose Lodges, Legions, Chapters and Associations (by state)

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Our History
  2. ^ Stevens, Albert Clark, 1854- The Cyclopædia of Fraternities: A Compilation of Existing Authentic Information and the Results of Original Investigation as to More than Six Hundred Secret Societies in the United States (New York: Hamilton Printing and Publishing Company), 1899, p.274
  3. ^ Schmidt, Alvin J. Fraternal Organizations Westport, Connecticut; Greenwood Press p.220
  4. ^ Whalen, William J. Secret Organizations Milwaukee; Bruce Publishing Co. 1966; Second printing 1967 p.105
  5. ^ History of Mooseheart Mooseheart web site Retrieved 12/27/13
  6. ^ a b Schmidt pp.220, 222
  7. ^ a b c Schmidt p.222
  8. ^ a b c d Preuss p.258
  9. ^ a b Whalen p.105
  10. ^ a b Loyal Order of Moose
  11. ^ Schmidt pp.221-222
  12. ^ a b Schmidt p.221
  13. ^ Whalen p.107
  14. ^ Whalen p.106-7
  15. ^ a b Whalen p.108
  16. ^ Southern Reporter vol. 80, p. 86
  17. ^ Mangum, Charles Staples The Legal Status of the Negro Chapel Hill, The University of North Carolina press, 1940. pp.75-6
  18. ^ Theda Skocpol; Ariane Liazos; Marshall Ganz What a mighty power we can be: African American fraternal groups and the struggle for racial equality Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2006 pp.44, 77
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba Famous Moose Members Famous Moose Members Moose International web site Retrieved 12/27/113


See also

  • Eugene Cernan - Astronaut; "the last man on the moon" in December 1972—Bellwood, Illinois: Lodge 777[19]
  • Jean Davidson - Author and granddaughter of Harley-Davidson co-founder Walter Davidson—Mooseheart, Illinois: Chapter 3001[19]
  • Henry Ford - Inventor of the mass-produced automobile—Detroit, Michigan: Lodge 160[19]
  • Virgil I. "Gus” Grissom – Astronaut: Warwick, Virginia: Lodge 1711[19]
  • Darell Hammond - Founder/CEO, KaBOOM! Inc. - Builder of playgrounds worldwide (and, member of Mooseheart High School Class of 1989) -- Batavia, Illinois: Lodge 682[19]
  • Lt. Col. Edward A. Silk - Mooseheart Class of 1935; Recipient of the Medal of Honor in World War II—Johnstown, Pennsylvania: Lodge 48[19]


  • Ed Beard - Middle Linebacker, San Francisco 49ers—South Norfolk, Virginia: Lodge 464[19]
  • Raymond Berry - NFL Hall-of-famer, Baltimore Colts / Super Bowl XX Coach, New England Patriots—Montgomery County, Virginia: Lodge 1470[19]
  • Larry Bird - NBA Hall-of-famer—Orange County, Indiana: Lodge 2530[19]
  • Walter Blum - Hall of Fame Jockey with 4,382 wins—Lauderdale Lakes, Florida: Lodge 2267[19]
  • Manute Bol - NBA's tallest-ever player—Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts: Lodge 1849[19]
  • Jason Couch - Hall of Fame Professional Bowler—South Lake County, Florida: Lodge 1615[19]
  • Jack Ham - NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, Pittsburgh Steelers—Indiana, Pennsylvania: Lodge 174[19]
  • Woody Hayes - Ohio State University Football Coach—Columbus, Ohio: Lodge 11[19]
  • Ted Hendricks - NFL Hall of fame Linebacker—Hialeah, Florida: Lodge 1074[19]
  • Bob Huggins - Men's Basketball Coach, West Virginia—Charleston, West Virginia: Lodge 1444[19]
  • Pete Johnson - Fullback, Ohio State & Cincinnati Bengals—Gahanna, Ohio: Lodge 2463[19]
  • Jerry Lucas - Basketball Hall of Fame; NBA Rookie of the Year 1964; Sports Illustrated "Sportsman of the Year" 1961; Only Three-Time Big Ten Conference Player of the Year—Bucyrus, Ohio: Lodge 669[19]
  • Rocky Marciano - Boxer[19]
  • Billy Martin - All-Star Infielder, Manager—Oakland, California: Lodge 324[19]
  • Zach Miller - Tight End, Jacksonville Jaguars—Mooseheart, Illinois: Lodge 2655[19]
  • Arnold Palmer - Golfer—Greensburg, Pennsylvania: Lodge 1151[19]
  • Cal Ripken Sr. - Baseball Manager—Aberdeen, Maryland: Lodge 1450[19]
  • Gale Sayers - NFL Hall of Famer—Elkhart, Indiana: Lodge 599[19]
  • Billy Sims - 1978 Heisman Trophy Winner; Running back, University of Oklahoma (1975–79) and Detroit Lions (1980-84); Member, College Football Hall of fame—Grand Rapids-Sparta, Michigan: Lodge 50[19]
  • Bill "Moose" Skowron - Major League Baseball Player (1954 – 1967) -- River Park, Illinois: Lodge 2578[19]
  • Bill Stewart - Head Football Coach of West Virginia University—New Martinsville, West Virginia: Lodge 931[19]
  • Tony Stewart - NASCAR Driver—Columbus, Indiana: Lodge 398[19]
  • Gene Tunney - Boxer—Cincinnati, Ohio: Lodge 2[19]
  • Bill Veeck - Major League Baseball Executive—Greater Chicago, Illinois: Lodge 3[19]
  • Honus Wagner - Baseball Hall-of-Famer—Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Lodge 46[19]
  • Donnell Woolford - Pro Bowl Cornerback, Chicago Bears—Batavia, Illinois: Lodge 682[19]


  • Bud Abbott & Lou Costello Radio, TV Movie Entertainers—Atlantic City, New Jersey: Lodge 216[19]
  • [19]
  • Charles Chaplin - Motion Picture Actor/Director/Producer—Los Angeles, California: Lodge 134[19]
  • Erik Estrada - Television Actor; National Spokesman,Safe Surfin' USA—Bedford, Virginia: Lodge 1897[19]
  • Dr. Ralph Stanley - Bluegrass Recording Artist—Dinwiddle, Virginia: Lodge 1993 [19]
  • Ralph Stanley II - Bluegrass Recording Artist—Dinwiddle, Virginia: Lodge 1993[19]
  • James Stewart - Oscar-Winning Actor—Indiana, Pennsylvania: Lodge 174[19]
  • Danny Thomas - Entertainer—Indianapolis, Indiana: Lodge 17[19]
  • Darryl Worley - Country Music Artist—Savannah, Tennessee: Lodge 1918 [19]


  • Evan Bayh - Former U.S. Senator/Governor of Indiana—Elkhart, Indiana Lodge: 599[19]
  • Robert C. Byrd - U.S. Senator—Beckley, West Virginia: Lodge 1606[19]
  • Tom Corbett - Governor of Pennsylvania—Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Lodge 2699[19]
  • Richard J. Daley - Mayor of Chicago 1955-1976—Greater Chicago, Illinois: Lodge 3[19]
  • Joe Manchin III - US Senator, State of West Virginia—Charleston, West Virginia: Lodge 1444[19]
  • C.L. "Butch" Otter - Governor, State of Idaho 2007—Boise, Idaho: Lodge 337[19]
  • Tommy Thompson - Former U.S. Secretary of Health & Human Services—Juneau County, Wisconsin: Lodge 1913[19]
  • Earl Warren - Chief Justice U.S. Supreme Court (Holder of the Pilgrim Degree of Merit) -- Oakland, California: Lodge 324[19]

Other politicians


Notable Moose members

By 1966 the Freemasons for their oaths and other rituals.

Religious objections

In 1925 the LOOM brought a suit against the Independent, Benevolent and Protective Order of Moose, an African American order. They attempted to obtain a legal injunction to keep them from using the Moose name, ritual, emblem and titles of its officers.[7] The New York Court of Appeals restrained the African American order from using the name "Moose", but allowed them to continue using the same fraternal titles and colors.[17] The I,BPOM was apparently an all female order.[18]

Independent, Benevolent and Protective Order of Moose

The LOOM has historically supported numerous charitable and civic activities. It has sponsored medical research for muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, cancer and cardiology, as well as the March of Dimes. It has also supported Boy Scout and Girl Scout programs.[12]

Benefits and philanthropy

The Moose rituals took a tragic turn on July 24, 1913, when two candidates for membership, Donald A. Kenny and Christopher Gustin, died during an incident [16] at their initiation ceremony in Birmingham, Alabama. Kenny was the president of the local Chauffeurs Union and Gustin was an iron moulder. Both men were made to look upon a red hot emblem of the Order, then blindfolded, disrobed and had a chilled rubber version of the emblem applied to their chests, while a magneto was attached to their legs and an electric current was applied to them by a wire to their shoulders. The aim was evidently to make them believe that they were being branded. Both men fainted, but, as it was thought that they were feigning, the lodge officers did not stop the initiation until it was evident that the two were dying and the lodge physician was unable to revive them.[8]

Gustin-Kenny incident

There are also death and graveside services, granted on request of the family of deceased Moose, as well as a Memorial Day ceremony every first Sunday in May. The lodge altar is draped in black and white cloth, a Bible, a flower and drapes are placed on the lodge charter and the lodge prelate leads the members in prayers and the singing of Nearer, My God, to Thee.[15]

James Davis drew up the initiation ritual for the order. It is relatively short, usually taking 45 minutes. The governor of the lodge asks the Friendship We Now Extend.[14]

The Moose have a ritual, secret passwords, ceremonies and codes of conduct. An important ritual for the Moose is the 9'O'Clock Ceremony. At nine o'clock, all Moose are directed to face toward Mooseheart with bowed heads and folded arms and repeat a silent prayer "Suffer little children to come unto me and forbid them not for such is the Kingdom of Heaven." God bless Mooseheart." At that same time the children of Mooseheart kneel at their bedside in prayers as well. There are also the ten "thou shalts." These begin with "Thou shalt believe in God and worship Him as thy conscience dictates. Thou shalt be tolerant to let others worship each in his own way". Other "thou shalts" pertain to patriotism, service to fellowmen, protection of the weak, avoidance of slander to a brother Moose, love of the LOM, faithfulness and humility[13]


In the early 1920s the LOM reportedly had over half a million members with 32,570 in the Mooseheart Legion and 5,178 in the Junior Order of Moose.[8] In 1928 this had grown to 650,000 members with 59,000 in the ladies' auxiliary. There were slightly more than a million in 1966.[9] In 1979 the LOOM had 1,323,240 members.[12] In 2013 there were 800,000.[10]

In the early 1920s membership was restricted to white men of "sound mind and body, in good standing in the community, engaged in lawful business who are able to speak and write the English language".[8] In June 1972 the Supreme Court handed down a decision in the Order's favor, saying that a Moose Lodge in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, could not be denied a state liquor license because they refused to serve a black guest.[11]


The entire membership is sometimes referred to as the "Moose Domain".[7]

Local units are called "Lodges", state groups are "State Associations" and the national authority is the "Supreme Lodge of the World", which meets annually.[7] In 1923 there were 1,669 lodges "promulgated in every civilized country controlled by the Caucasian race".[8] In 1966 3,500 lodges were reported in every US state, Guam, Canada, Bermuda and England.[9] In 1979 the Order had 36 State Associations and over 4,000 Lodges.[6] Today it has 1,800 Lodges, in all 50 states and four Canadian provinces, as well as Bermuda and the United Kingdom.[10]


In addition to Mooseheart, the LOOM also runs a retirement center, Moosehaven, located in Orange Park Florida. This project was inaugurated in the Autumn of 1922 with 26 acres of property and 22 retired Moose residents. It has grown to a 63-acre community with over 400 residents.[1]

While Mooseheart began as a school, it soon grew to become a small Women of the Moose. The population of Mooseheart would grow to 1,000 by 1920, reach a peak of 1,300 during the Great Depression and go down to approximately 500, the campus' current maximum capacity, in 1979.[1][6]

At the 1911 convention in Aurora, Illinois. It was close to the Fox River, two railway lines and the (then dirt) Lincoln Highway. The leadership also wished to buy additional real estate to the west and north owned by two other families, for a total of 1,023 acres. Negotiations for the purchases were held in January and February 1913, and legal possession of the property was taken on March 1. The name "Mooseheart" had been adopted for the school at the suggestion of Ohio Congressmen and Supreme Council member John Lentz by a unanimous joint meeting of the Supreme Council and Institute Trustees on Feb. 1. Mooseheart was dedicated on July 27, 1913. Vice President Thomas R. Marshall gave a speech for the occasion.[1][5]

Mooseheart & Moosehaven


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