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Lithuanian Railways

Lietuvos Geležinkeliai
Group of public companies
Industry Rail transport
Founded 1860 (First Line)
1919 (Official)
Headquarters Vilnius, Lithuania
Key people
Stasys Dailydka, General Manager
Products Rail transport, Cargo transport, Services
Revenue €435 million (2013)[1]
€91 million (2007)
€46 million (2007)
Total equity €1.0 billion (2015)[2]
Owner The Lithuanian state
Number of employees
10,505 (2011)
Website Official Site
Siemens ER20 CF locomotive at the central station in Vilnius
TEP70 in Vilnius

Lithuanian Railways (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Geležinkeliai) is the national, state-owned railway company of Lithuania. It operates most railway lines in the country.

Lithuanian Railways' main network consists of 1749 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) broad gauge railway of which 122 km are electrified. They also operate 22 km of standard gauge line and a new ~100 km standard gauge line is under construction at the moment alongside the broad gauge from Šeštokai to Kaunas.[3] A 179 km 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in) narrow gauge network, is listed as an object of cultural heritage, was split into a separate company Aukštaitijos Siaurasis Geležinkelis in 2001. 68 km of narrow gauge, serving five stations, are regularly used, employing 12 locomotives.

In 2006 Lithuanian Railways transported 6.2 million passengers and 50 million tonnes of freight. Oil is the main freight item carried.[4]


  • History 1
  • Rolling stock 2
    • Passenger Locomotives 2.1
    • Freight Locomotives 2.2
    • Shunters 2.3
    • Diesel Multiple Units 2.4
    • Electric Multiple Units 2.5
  • Rail links with adjacent countries 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


In 1851, the government of Russia made the decision to build the Warsaw – Saint Petersburg Railway. The line included a stretch from DaugavpilsVilniusKaunasVirbalis which was started in 1858 and finished in 1860. When the German army occupied Lithuania in 1915, the railway became the main supplier of food staff and ammunition for the German army. In 1918 Lithuanian independence was restored, and in 1919 the Lithuanian government concluded an agreement with Germany on the hand over of the railway assets to the Ministry of Transport.

During the years after World War I, Lithuanian Railways reconstructed the tracks, connecting them into a complete network. In 1923 the changed most of the network from broad gauge to standard gauge. This was changed back by Soviets in 1944. During Soviet times all of the Baltic states railways were managed from Riga. In 1991, the railways of the Baltic region were once again divided into separate railway companies.[5]

Rolling stock

Škoda EJ575 at Kaunas Railway Station
Railcar PESA 620M

Locomotives and trainsets for use on Lithuanian Railways' main network (excluding Panevezys-Rubikiai narrow gauge line) include:[6]

Passenger Locomotives

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Image
TEP60 Kolomna Locomotive Works[7] 1960 2011 12 Diesel
TEP70 1987 Still in service 4
TEP70BS 2006 4

Freight Locomotives

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
M62 Voroshilovgrad Locomotive Works 1970 Still in service 40 Diesel Subclass M62K have new engines.
2M62 1976 74 Twin-section version of M62. Subclasses 2M62K and 2M62M have new engines.
2M62U 1987 22 Updated version of 2M62. Subclass 2M62UM have new engines.
ER20 Siemens 2007 44


Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
ČME3 ČKD 1964 Still in service 36 Diesel
ČME3M 2008 23 Rebuilt ČME3 units.

Diesel Multiple Units

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
D1 Ganz Works 1963 2013 24 Diesel In 4-car formation.
DR1A Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1973 Still in service 5 In 5- and 6-car formations.
DR1AM 1973 12 3-car formation adapted from DR1A.
AR2 1997 1 1-car Railbus.
RA2 Metrovagonmaš 2008 4 In 2- and 3-car formations.
620M Pesa 2009 12 1-car railcar.
630M 2013 3 In 2-car formation.

Electric Multiple Units

Class Manufacturer Year(s) built Year(s) withdrawn Number built Traction Remarks Image
ER9M Rīgas Vagonbūves Rūpnīca 1976 Still in service 12 Electric In 4-car formation.
EJ575 Škoda Transportation 2008 10 In 2- and 3-car formations.

Rail links with adjacent countries

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ name=
  3. ^ The line is scheduled to be finished by the end of 2015. See Rail Baltica project page for more details
  4. ^ Railway Operations in Lithuania
  5. ^ The History Pages of Lithuanian Railways
  6. ^ "=LG locomotives and trainsets". 2014-12-12. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "History: 1959-1977". PJSC Kolomensky Zavod. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 

External links

  • Official website, in English, Russian and Lithuanian
  • Winchester, Clarence, ed. (8 November 1935), "Estonia and Lithuania", Railway Wonders of the World, pp. 1292–1298 , an account of the railways of Estonia and Lithuania in the 1930s
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