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List of southernmost items

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Title: List of southernmost items  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of Antarctica, Physical geography, Wellington, Lists of superlatives, Extremes on Earth
Collection: Geography of Antarctica, Lists of Superlatives, Physical Geography
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of southernmost items


  • Cities and settlements 1
  • Shops and service facilities 2
  • Geography 3
    • Islands 3.1
  • Nature 4
    • Animals 4.1
    • Plants 4.2
  • Gardens, zoos and aquaria 5
  • Religion 6
  • Science 7
  • Transportation 8
  • Other 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11

Cities and settlements

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Capital (of an independent nation) Wellington, New Zealand
Permanent settlement of any size Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station
City > 1,000 people Puerto Williams, Chile
City > 50,000 people Ushuaia, Argentina
City > 100,000 people Punta Arenas, Chile
City > 1,000,000 people Melbourne, Australia

See also: Southernmost settlements

Shops and service facilities

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Kindergarten Puerto Williams,[1] Chile
UNESCO world heritage site (cultural) Cueva de las Manos, Argentina[2]
UNESCO world heritage site (natural) Macquarie Island, Australia[2]
Primary school Escuela Nº 38 “Presidente Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín”, Esperanza Base, Antarctica[3]
Secondary school Puerto Williams, Chile[4]
University National University of Tierra del Fuego, Ushuaia, Argentina[5]
Tourist office Puerto Williams,[6] Chile
Automated teller machine McMurdo Station, Antarctica[7]
Public post office Port Lockroy, Goudier Island, Antarctica[8]
Cinema Jubany Base, Antarctic Peninsula
Ski resort Cerro Castor, Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina[9]


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Body of water (navigable) Bay of Whales, Ross Sea
Land the Geographic South Pole, Antarctica
Land (excluding Antarctica) Thule Island, South Sandwich Islands


Excluding Antarctica

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Island > 10,000 km2 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, Tierra del Fuego
Island > 100,000 km2 South Island, New Zealand



Item Place Latitude/longitude
South polar skua seen at the South Pole[10]


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Flowering plants (in greenhouses) Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station, Antarctica[11]
Grass and flowering plants (naturally occurring) Terra Firma Islands, Antarctica[12]
Trees (naturally occurring) Hoste Island, Chile
Palms (nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida), naturally occurring) Chatham Islands, New Zealand[13]

Gardens, zoos and aquaria

Item Place Latitude/longitude
Penguin reserve Magdalena Island Penguin Reserve, Magdalena Island, Magallanes Region, Chile[14]


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Buddhist stupa the Enlightenment Stupa at Portobello, Dunedin, New Zealand[15]
Cathedral El Sagrado Corazón, Roman Catholic Diocese of Punta Arenas, Punta Arenas, Chile[16]
Mosque Southland Muslim Association, Invercargill, New Zealand[17]
Synagogue Dunedin Synagogue, Dunedin, New Zealand[18][19]
Church (regular) Antarctica[20]
Church (ice-made) permanent Catholic Church ice-made temple, Belgrano II Base, Antarctica[21][22]
Hindu temple Centro Cultural y Templo Hindu, Punta Arenas, Chile[23]


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Nuclear power plant Atucha I, Argentina[24]
Atucha II, Argentina


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Railway Southern Fuegian Railway (Ferrocarril Austral Fueguino) from Ushuaia to the Tierra del Fuego National Park in Argentina[25]
Seaport Winter Quarters Bay, McMurdo Station, Antarctica[26]
International airport Ushuaia – Malvinas Argentinas International Airport, Ushuaia, Argentina
Metro station Plaza de los Virreyes (Buenos Aires Metro), Buenos Aires, Argentina


Item Place Latitude/longitude
Place of birth of a human (Emilio Marcos Palma (in 1978) and seven others) Esperanza Base, Antarctica[27]

See also


  1. ^ : : Dirección de Bienestar de la Armada de Chile : :
  2. ^ a b World Heritage List and List of World Heritage Sites in the Americas
  3. ^ Page of Escuela Nº 38, province of Tierra del Fuego, department of Antártida Argentina
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Universidad Nacional de Tierra del Fuego »". UNTDF. Retrieved 2012-10-31. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Wells Fargo has an ATM in Antarctica
  8. ^ Antarctic Heritage Trust
  9. ^ Cerro Castor: esquí en el Fin del Mundo Revista Magna.
  10. ^ Skuas - Wildlife of Antarctica - Antarctic Connection
  11. ^ UA, Tempe company bring veggies to South Pole
  12. ^ "Frozen Under." National Geographic Magazine.
  13. ^ Bushmansfriend: Forest walks, Nature Photography & NZ Flora - Native Plant Information - New Zealand, native trees,natives,shrubs,information
  14. ^ Penguins of Magdalena Island, Punta Arenas, Chile
  15. ^ Dhargyey Buddhist Centre Home Page
  16. ^ Obispado de Punta Arenas
  17. ^ "Southland Muslim Association Inc, Invercargill, 9810, New Zealand - Islamic Centers, Masjids Mosques, Muslim Owned Businesses, Islamic Schools and Colleges". 2011-04-20. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  18. ^ NZ Jewish Archives - Temple Sinai
  19. ^ Google Books: The New Zealand Jewish Community By Stephen I. Levine
  20. ^ Cary Johnston, Sean Thomas (June 18, 2011). "Southernmost Russian Orthodox Church – comfort in the cold". Retrieved October 10, 2010. ...This makes the Trinity Church the southernmost Russian Orthodox church on the planet. 
  21. ^ Church in ice cave at Belgrano II station, Antarctica
  22. ^ Mass at ice church in Belgrano II Base
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ Nucleoeléctrica Argentina (in Spanish)
  25. ^ El Tren del Fin del Mundo: Official site
  26. ^ Klein, Andrew G.; Kennicutt, Mahlon C.; Wolff, Gary A.; Sweet, Steve T.; Bloxom, Tiffany; Gielstra, Dianna A.; Cleckley, Marietta (2008). "The historical development of McMurdo station, Antarctica, an environmental perspective".  
  27. ^ Times On Line article on Antarctica
  • Moore, D. M. (1983). Flora of Tierra del Fuego.
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