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List of rocks on Mars

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Title: List of rocks on Mars  
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Subject: Life on Mars, Transit of Venus from Mars, El Capitan (Mars), Pot of Gold (Mars), Moons of Mars
Collection: Mars, Meteorites Found on Mars, Rocks on Mars
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List of rocks on Mars

This is an alphabetical list of named rocks (and meteorites) found on Mars, by mission. This list does not include Martian meteorites found on Earth.

Names for Mars rocks are largely unofficial designations used for ease of discussion purposes, as the International Astronomical Union's official Martian naming system declares that objects smaller than 100 m (330 ft) are not to be given official names. Because of this some less significant rocks seen in photos returned by Mars rovers have been named more than once, and others have even had their names changed later due to conflicts or even matters of opinion. Often rocks are named after the children or family members of astronauts or NASA employees. The name "Jazzy", for example, was taken from a girl named "Jazzy" who grew up in Grand Junction, CO, USA. Her father worked for NASA and contributed to the findings and naming of the rocks.

Interactive imagemap of the global topography of Mars, overlain with locations of Mars landers and rovers. Hover your mouse to see the names of prominent geographic features, and click to link to them. Coloring of the base map indicates relative elevations, based on data from the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor. Reds and pinks are higher elevation (+3 km to +8 km); yellow is 0 km; greens and blues are lower elevation (down to −8 km). Whites (>+12 km) and browns (>+8 km) are the highest-most elevations. Axes are latitude and longitude; note poles are not shown.

Notable rocks on Mars
Adirondack
(Spirit)
Barnacle Bill
(Sojourner)
Bathurst Inlet
(Curiosity)
Big Joe*
(Viking)
Block Island
(Opportunity) M
Bounce
(Opportunity)
Coronation
(Curiosity)
El Capitan
(Opportunity)
Esperance*
(Opportunity)
Goulburn
(Curiosity)
Heat Shield
(Opportunity) M
Home Plate
(Spirit)
Hottah
(Curiosity)
Jake Matijevic
(Curiosity)
Last Chance
(Opportunity)
Link
(Curiosity)
Mackinac Island
(Opportunity) M
Mimi*
(Spirit)
Oileán Ruaidh
(Opportunity) M
Pot of Gold
(Spirit)
Rocknest 3
(Curiosity)
Shelter Island
(Opportunity) M
Tintina
(Curiosity)
Yogi
(Sojourner)
|(Notes: * = linked article is about the mission that encountered this rock; M = Meteorite)

Contents

  • 1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers 1
  • 1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder) 2
  • 2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A) 3
  • 2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B) 4
  • 2008 – Phoenix lander 5
  • 2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory) 6
  • Other rock formations 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

1976 – Viking program: Viking 1 and Viking 2 landers

Viking 1 Lander – July 20, 1976; Last Earth Contact – November 13, 1982.[1][2]
Mars landing coordinates: [1]
Viking 2 Lander – September 3, 1976; Last Earth Contact – April 11, 1980.[1][3]
Mars landing coordinates: [1]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Big Joe
  • Bonneville
  • Delta
  • Midas Muffler
  • Mr. Badger
  • Mr. Moley
  • Mr. Rat
  • Mr. Toad
  • Patch
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 20, 1976) - First "clear" image ever transmitted from the surface of Mars.
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 1 Lander (July 23, 1976).
Panorama of rocks near the Viking 2 Lander (1976).

1997 – Sojourner rover (Mars Pathfinder)

Sojourner Rover – July 4, 1997; Last Earth Contact – September 27, 1997.[4]
Mars landing coordinates:
(Raw Images - 1-Camera/Sol and 2-Camera/Sol and 3-Camera/Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Anthill
  • Auto
  • Baby Otter
  • Bama
  • Bambam
  • Barnacle Bill
  • Barsoom
  • Basket
  • Bebob
  • Blackhawk
  • Book Shelf
  • Booboo
  • Bosco
  • Boyle
  • Brak
  • Brick
  • Broken Wall
  • Bug
  • Bullwinkle
  • Bunky
  • Cabbage Patch
  • Calvin
  • Cardiac Hill
  • Casper
  • Chimp
  • Clumk
  • Contour
  • Couch
  • Cradle
  • Darth Vader
  • Desert Princess
  • Dilbert
  • Dilbert's Boss
  • Dogbert
  • Dragon
  • Duck
  • Elvis
  • Ender
  • Flat Top
  • Flipper
  • Flute Top
  • Frog
  • Froggy
  • Garfield
  • Garibaldi
  • Garrak
  • Geordi
  • Ginger
  • Goldilocks
  • Goose
  • Gosling
  • Grandma
  • Grizzly
  • Grommit
  • Gumby
  • Half Dome
  • Hamster
  • Hardstop
  • Hassock
  • Hedgehog
  • Hero
  • Hippo
  • Hobbs
  • Homer
  • Hoppy
  • Iggie
  • Iguana
  • Indiana Jones
  • Jailhouse
  • Janeway
  • Jazzy
  • Jedi
  • Jimmy Cricket
  • Kitten
  • Lamb
  • Landon
  • Little Flat Top
  • Longhorn
  • Lookout
  • Lozenge
  • Lumpy
  • Lunchbox
  • Mafalda
  • Marvin the Martian
  • Matterhorn
  • Mesa
  • Mini
  • Mint Julep
  • Moe
  • Mohawk
  • Mouse
  • Mr. Mole
  • Nibbles
  • Nigel
  • Obelisk
  • Otter
  • Pancake
  • Paz
  • Penguin
  • Picnic
  • Piglet
  • Pinky
  • Pinocchio
  • Piper
  • Platypus
  • Pokey
  • Poohbear
  • Poptart
  • Potato
  • Pumpkin
  • Pyramid
  • Pyramid Point
  • Ratbert
  • Ren
  • Rocky
  • Rolling Stone
  • Rye Bread
  • Sandworm
  • Sardine
  • Sassafras
  • Scooby Doo
  • Scout
  • Seawolf
  • Shaggy
  • Shark
  • Simba
  • Sisyphus
  • Smidgen
  • Snoopy
  • Snowy
  • Snukums
  • Souffle
  • Squash
  • Squeeze
  • Space Ghost
  • Spock
  • Spud
  • Stack
  • Stimpy
  • Stripe
  • Stump
  • Sulu
  • T. Rex
  • The Dice
  • Tick
  • Tigger
  • Titus
  • Torres
  • Troll
  • Trooper
  • Turtle
  • Tweak
  • Valentine
  • Warthog
  • Wedge
  • Woodie
  • Yogi
  • Zaphod
  • Zorak
  • Zucchini
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner Rover (July 10, 1997).
Panorama of rocks near the Sojourner Rover (December 5, 1997).

2004 – Spirit rover (MER-A)

Spirit Rover – January 4, 2004; Last Earth Contact – May 25, 2011.[5]
Mars landing coordinates: [6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Aboa
  • Adirondack
  • Allan Hills (iron meteorite)
  • Arctowski
  • Belgrand
  • Bread-Basket
  • Casey Station
  • Castilla
  • ChanCheng
  • Cheyenne
  • Clovis
  • Coba
  • Cobra Hoods
  • Concordia
  • Davis
  • Druzhnaya
  • Ebenezer
  • El Dorado
  • Esperanza
  • Faget (geological feature)
  • Ferraz
  • Garruchaga
  • Gueslega
  • Halley
  • Home Plate (geological feature)
  • Humphrey
  • Juan Carlos
  • Jubany
  • King George Island
  • Kohnen
  • Korolev
  • Macquarie
  • Magic Carpet
  • Marambio
  • Mazatzal
  • Melchior
  • Mimi
  • Molodezhnaya
  • Montalva
  • Oberth (geological feature)
  • O Higgens
  • Orcadas
  • Pot of Gold
  • Prat
  • Primero
  • Riquelme
  • San Martin
  • Sashimi
  • Scott Base
  • Sejong
  • Signy
  • Sobral
  • Stone Council
  • Sushi
  • Tetl
  • Tor
  • Tyrone
  • Vernadsky
  • Vostok
  • Wasa
  • White Boat
  • Wishstone
  • Zhong Shan (iron meteorite)
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit RoverGusev Crater "Winter Haven" ("McMurdo") (August 17, 2006) (high-resolution description).
Panorama of rocks near the Spirit Rover – Gusev Crater (August 5, 2004).

2004 – Opportunity rover (MER-B)

Opportunity Rover – January 25, 2004; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.[7]
Mars landing coordinates: [6]
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity Rover – Eagle crater (March 5, 2004).
Panorama of rocks near the Opportunity Rover – Payson outcropErebus crater (February 26, 2006).

2008 – Phoenix lander

Phoenix Lander – May 25, 2008; Last Earth Contact – November 10, 2008.[11]
Mars landing coordinates:
(Raw Images - Camera/Sol and JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Baby Bear
  • Burn Alive
  • Burn Alive 3
  • Dodo
  • Goldilocks
  • Lower Cupboard
  • Mama Bear
  • Neverland
  • Papa Bear
  • Rosy Red 2
  • Rosy Red 3
  • Runaway
  • Snow White
  • Stone Soup
  • Upper Cupboard
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix Lander (May 25, 2008).
Panorama of rocks near the Phoenix Lander (August 19, 2008).

2012 – Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory)

Curiosity Rover – August 6, 2012; CURRENTLY ACTIVE.[12]
Mars landing coordinates: ()
(Raw Images - Camera and Sol and 1-JPL and 2-JPL + NASA Image Viewer.)

  • Alexander Hills (area)
  • Amargosa Valley (area)
  • Bathurst Inlet
  • Bonanza King
  • Book Cliffs (area)
  • Buckskin
  • Burwash
  • Chinle (area)
  • Confidence Hills (area)
  • Coronation
  • Crest
  • Crestaurum
  • Cumberland
  • Darwin Outcrop
  • Dingo Gap (area)
  • Discovery Ridge (area)
  • Ekwir_1
  • Et-Then
  • Garden City (area)
  • Gillespie (area)
  • Gillespie Lake
  • Glenelg (area)
  • Goulburn
  • Harrison
  • Hidden Valley (area)
  • Hottah
  • Ithaca
  • Jake Matijevic
  • John Klein-A/B/C
  • Kimberley (area)
  • Knorr[13]
  • Lamoose
  • Lebanon (iron meteorite)
  • Link
  • Missoula
  • Mojave (area)
  • Mojave 2
  • Not Bones
  • Nova
  • Pahrump Hills (area)
  • Panorama Point (area)
  • Pink Cliffs (area)
  • Point Lake (area)
  • Portage[14]
  • Rapitan
  • Rocknest (area)
  • Rocknest 3[15]
  • Sayunei
  • Selwyn
  • Shaler[16][17]
  • Sheepbed
  • Shoemaker
  • Snake River[18]
  • Sutton Inlier (area)[13]
  • Telegraph Peak (area)
  • Tintina[13][19]
  • Twin Cairns Island (area)
  • Unnamed-20120902
  • Waypoint 1 (area)
  • Wernecke[13]
  • Whale
  • Wildrose
  • Windjana
  • Winnipesaukee
  • Yellowjacket
  • Yellowknife Bay (area)
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover – near "Bradbury Landing" (August 9, 2012).
Panorama of rocks near "Mount Sharp" as viewed from the Curiosity Rover (September 20, 2012; white balanced; raw color).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover at "Rocknest" (November 16, 2012; white balanced; raw color; interactives).
Panorama of rocks and "Drilling Sites" near the Curiosity Rover at Yellowknife Bay (December 24, 2012).
Panorama of rocks in "Hidden Valley" near the "Pahrump Hills" on the slopes of "Mount Sharp" as viewed from the Curiosity Rover (September 11, 2014; white balanced).
Panorama of rocks near "Dingo Gap" on the way to "Mount Sharp" viewed by the Curiosity rover (January 30, 2014; white balanced; raw color).
Panorama of rocks at the "Mojave" site on "Mount Sharp" (January 31, 2015).
Panorama of the rocky slopes of "Mount Sharp" (September 9, 2015).
Panorama of rocks near the Curiosity Rover – at Yellowknife Bay around sunset (February 2013; sun simulated by artist).

Other rock formations

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Williams, David R. Dr. (December 18, 2006). "Viking Mission to Mars".  
  2. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Viking 1".  
  3. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Viking 2".  
  4. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Pathfinder / Sojourner Rover".  
  5. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Spirit".  
  6. ^ a b Staff. "Mapping the Mars Rovers' Landing Sites".  
  7. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Exploration Rover - Opportunity".  
  8. ^ Chang, Kenneth (7 June 2013). "Martian Rock Another Clue to a Once Water-Rich Planet".  
  9. ^ a b c O'Neill, Ian (January 17, 2014). "Mystery Rock 'Appears' in Front of Mars Rover".  
  10. ^ a b c Chang, Kenneth (January 24, 2014). "Mars Rover Marks an Unexpected Anniversary With a Mysterious Discovery".  
  11. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Phoenix".  
  12. ^ Nelson, Jon. "Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity Rover".  
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Webster, Guy; Brown, Dwayne (March 18, 2013). "Curiosity Mars Rover Sees Trend In Water Presence".  
  14. ^ Staff (December 3, 2012). "A Sampling of Martian Soils".  
  15. ^ Staff (November 22, 2012). Rover"Curiosity"Thanksgiving on Mars: Working Holiday for .  
  16. ^ Staff (December 11, 2012). "PIA16550: Layered Martian Outcrop 'Shaler' in 'Glenelg' Area".  
  17. ^  
  18. ^ a b Staff (January 4, 2013). Mars Rover"Curiosity"PIA16564: 'Snake River' Rock Feature Viewed by .  
  19. ^ a b c Rincon, Paul (March 19, 2013). "Curiosity breaks rock to reveal dazzling white interior".  
  20. ^ Anderson, Paul Scott (February 3, 2013). 'hammers' a rock and completes first drilling tests"Curiosity". The Meridiani Journal. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  21. ^ Brown, Dwayne (October 30, 2012). "NASA Rover's First Soil Studies Help Fingerprint Martian Minerals".  

External links

  • Mars - Geologic Map (USGS, 2014) (original / crop / full / video (00:56)).
  • MPF Rock Names
  • Named Rocks on Mars (ppt file)
  • NASA – Mars Exploration Program
  • Minerals and the Origins of Life (Robert Hazen, NASA) (video, 60m, April 2014).
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