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List of kings of Urartu

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Title: List of kings of Urartu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Urartu, Argishti II, Lutipri, Rusa II, Rusa IV
Collection: Anatolia, History of Armenia, Lists of Monarchs, Urartian Kings
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List of kings of Urartu

This page lists the kings of Urartu (Ararat or Kingdom of Van), an Iron Age kingdom centered on Lake Van in the Eastern Turkey.

Contents

  • Early kings 1
  • Rise to power 2
  • Decline 3
  • Defeat and destruction 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early kings

Rise to power

  • Sarduri I (also Sarduris I) 834 BC–828 BC; moved the capital to Tushpa, expanded the fortress of Van.
  • Ishpuini the Establisher 828 BC–810 BC; expanded the empire and conquered Mushashir.
  • Menua the Conqueror 810 BC–785 BC; greatly expanded the kingdom, organized the centralized administrative structure, fortified a number of cities and founded fortresses, developed a national canal and irrigation system.
  • Argishti I (also Argishtish I) 785–763 BC; fortified the empire's frontier, founded Erebuni (modern-day Yerevan).
  • Sarduri II 763 BC–735 BC; maximum expansion; zenith of Urartian power.
  • Rusa I 735 BC–714 BC; Assyrian and Cimmerian attacks.

Decline

Defeat and destruction

The Orontid Dynasty begins with King Orontes I Sakavakyats (570 BC–560 BC), after the last king of Urartu.

See also

References

  • Boris Piotrovskii, The Ancient Civilization of Urartu, London, 1969.
  • Igor Diakonoff, The Pre-History of the Armenian People, Caravan Books, New York, 1988.
  • M. Chahin, The Kingdom of Armenia, Curzon, London, 2001.

External links

  • Urartu
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