World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lippe

Article Id: WHEBN0000199237
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lippe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: North Rhine-Westphalia, Detmold (region), Levinus Warner, Herford (district), Paderborn (district)
Collection: Districts of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lippe
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lippe

Lippe (German pronunciation: ) is a Kreis (district) in the east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Neighboring districts are Herford, Minden-Lübbecke, Höxter, Paderborn, Gütersloh, and district-free Bielefeld, which forms the region Ostwestfalen-Lippe.

The district of Lippe is named after the Lords of Lippe and their Principality of Lippe. It was a state within the Holy Roman Empire and retained statehood until 1947, when it became a district of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Coat of arms 3
  • Towns and municipalities 4
  • Culinary art 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The Lippe district nearly covers the same area as the historic county of Lippe. The first mention of this country was in 1123; it grew in power slowly in the following centuries. In 1528 it became a county, in 1789 it was elevated to a principality.

County of Lippe, 18th Century

Unlike many other countries of the Holy Roman Empire in the area, Lippe kept its independence in the Napoleonic era, and thus wasn't incorporated into Prussia afterwards. It was one of the smaller member states of the German empire.

After the death of Prince Woldemar in 1895, the two lines of the House of Lippe fought over the regency for over a decade.

The last prince of Lippe was forced to abdicate in 1918 after the end of World War I when Germany became a republic; his country became a Freistaat in the German republic. In 1932 the Free State of Lippe was subdivided into two districts, Detmold and Lemgo. These continued to exist when in 1947 Lippe lost its status as a state of Germany and by order of the British military government was incorporated into the new federal state North Rhine-Westphalia; in 1949 this change was approved by the parliament. In 1969/70 the 168 cities and municipalities were merged to 16; and as the second part of the administrative reform in 1973 the two districts Lemgo and Detmold were merged to the district Lippe.

Geography

The Lippe district covers the northern part of the Teutoburg Forest, which also contain the highest elevation of the district, the 496 meter high Köterberg near Lügde. The lowest elevation is at the Weser river with 45.5 m. The main river is the Werre, and at the northern border of the district the Weser. The Lippe River, which shares the district's name, does not flow through Lippe, but has its headwaters right across the district line in Bad Lippspringe, Kreis Paderborn. The small territories of Lippstadt, Lipperode, and Cappel that belonged to Lippe until the mid 19th century, do lie in the valley of the river.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows the traditional symbol of the state of Lippe, the rose, as the district covers nearly the same area as the historic country. In the middle of the rose 16 stamens symbolize the 16 cities and municipalities of the district. The coat of arms was granted in 1973.

Despite the relatively small size of Lippe, the Lippish rose is also one of only three symbols included in the coat of arms of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Bad Salzuflen
  2. Barntrup
  3. Blomberg
  4. Detmold
  5. Horn-Bad Meinberg
  6. Lage
  7. Lemgo
  8. Lügde
  9. Oerlinghausen
  10. Schieder-Schwalenberg
  1. Augustdorf
  2. Dörentrup
  3. Extertal
  4. Kalletal
  5. Leopoldshöhe
  6. Schlangen

Culinary art

The most famous dish served in Lippe is the Pickert. In the past it was known as a meal for poor people. The main ingredients are potatoes, flour and raisins.

References

External links

Media related to Kreis Lippe at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
  • Ordinances and by-laws of the county of Lippe online
  • Guidelines for the integration of the Land Lippe within the territory of the federal state North-Rhine-Westphalia of 17 January 1947
  •  yndicalist]]
  • Synthesist
  • Vegan
  • Without adjectives
| group2 =

| list2 =

| group3 = People | list3 =

| group4 = Issues | list4 =

| group - Religious history of Lippe from the Reformation until the early twentieth century


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.