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Libyan Arabic

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Title: Libyan Arabic  
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Subject: Varieties of Arabic, Arabic, Languages of Libya, Arabic languages, Index of Libya-related articles
Collection: Arabic Languages, Languages of Egypt, Languages of Libya, Libyan Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic
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Libyan Arabic

Libyan Arabic
ليبي
Pronunciation
Native to Libya, Egypt, Niger, Algeria, Tunisia
Native speakers
4 million in Libya (2006)[1]
320,000 in Egypt (2002), 5,000 in Niger (1998)
Arabic alphabet
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ayl
Glottolog liby1240[2]
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Extent of Libyan Arabic

Libyan Arabic ( Arabic: ليبيLībi; also known as Sulaimitian Arabic) is a variety of Arabic spoken in Libya and neighboring countries. It can be divided into two major dialect areas; the eastern centred in Benghazi and Bayda, and the western centred in Tripoli and Misrata. The eastern variety extends beyond the borders to the east into western Egypt. A distinctive southern variety, centered on Sabha, also exists and is more akin to the western variety.

Note on transcription notation

The transcription of Libyan Arabic into Latin script poses a few problems. First, there is not one standard transcription in use even for Standard Arabic. The use of IPA alone is not sufficient as it obscures some points that can be better understood if several different allophones in Libyan Arabic are transcribed using the same symbol. On the other hand, Standard Arabic transcription schemes, while providing good support for representing Arabic sounds that are not normally represented by the Latin script, do not list symbols for other sounds found in Libyan Arabic. Therefore, to make this article more legible, DIN 31635 is used with a few additions to render phonemes particular to Libyan Arabic. These additions are as follow:

IPA Extended DIN
ɡ g
ō
ē
ə ə
ż
ʒ j

History

Two major historical events have shaped the Libyan dialect: the Hilalian-Sulaimi migration, and the migration of Arabs from Muslim Spain to North Africa following the reconquista. Libyan Arabic has also been influenced by Italian, and to a lesser extent by Turkish. A Berber substratum also exists.

Domains of use

The Libyan dialect is used predominantly in spoken communication in Libya. It is also used

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