World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Lebes

Article Id: WHEBN0001501785
Reproduction Date:

Title: Lebes  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Laconian vase painting, Centuripe Class, Rider Painter, Kabiria Group, Tripod
Collection: Ancient Greek Pot Shapes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Lebes

Lebes gamikos, a vessel that was part of an ancient Greek wedding

The lebes (plural lebetes) is a type of ancient Greek cauldron. It is a deep bowl with a rounded bottom. It was often supported by a sacrificial tripod.[1] In classical times, a foot was attached and it was typically used as a cooking pot.

Contents

  • Variants 1
    • Tripod lebes 1.1
    • Lebes gamikos 1.2
  • Value 2
  • References 3

Variants

Tripod lebes

The tripod lebes is characterized by two round vertical handles and by three strut-supported legs. All were separately cast then riveted to the cauldron. Artefactual evidence indicates the tripod lebes was not used as a mixing bowl, even long after it lost its role as a cooking pot.[2]

Lebes gamikos

The lebes gamikos (pl. lebetes gamikoi), or nuptial lebes, appears to have been a part of pre-wedding purification ceremonies. It may have stood by the bride's door and was probably used in ritual sprinkling of the bride with water.

Lebetes gamikoi stood on variously long or short bases and each typically was painted with a scene of a wedding procession. Oftentimes, the wedding depicted was mythic (such as the wedding of Peleus and Thetis) or included mythic elements such as chariots bearing Helen and Menelaos.[3]

Value

Under the barter system that existed in early Iron Age Greece, goods and services were directly exchanged without the use of an exchange medium (money). However, such transactions were aided by conventionally accepted reference values. Certain commodities were often used as reference points for evaluating the relative values of different goods. Cattle was common as such a reference in many early cultures. In Greece during this period, in addition to cattle, bronze and iron items—specifically lebetes—were also common.[5]

Remnants of stone inscriptions preserve numerous examples of fines and compensatory damages denominated in bronze lebetes from ancient Crete, as early as the 7th century BCE. For example, in one instance, a bronze tripod "of [worth] ten lebetes" was recorded as payment for a fine.[5]

In the Iliad, a bronze lebes was valued at one ox. By the Hellenistic period, long after the introduction of coin based money, the lebes survived as a term for a quantity of silver coinage.[5]

References

  1. ^ Sayles, Wayne G. (2003). Ancient Coin Collecting 1. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. p. 258. Lebes: cauldron, usually supported on a tripod. 
  2. ^ Benton, Sylvia (1934). "The Evolution of the Tripod-Lebes". The Annual of the British School at Athens (British School at Athens) 35: 74.  
  3. ^ Boardman, John (1974). Athenian Black Figure Vases. World of Art. Thames & Hudson.  
  4. ^ Crane, Gregory R. "Herodotus, The Histories, Book 1, chapter 144, section 1". Perseus Digital Library. Department of the Classics,  
  5. ^ a b c Metcalf, William E. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Greek and Roman Coinage. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 33, 34.  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.