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Kings of Babylonia

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Kings of Babylonia

The following is a list of the kings of Babylonia (ancient southern-central Iraq), compiled from the traditional Babylonian king lists and modern archaeological findings.

The Babylonian King List

The Babylonian King List is not merely a list of kings of Babylon, but is a very specific ancient list of supposed Babylonian kings recorded in several ancient locations, and related to its predecessor, the Sumerian King List. As in the latter, contemporaneous dynasties are listed chronologically without comment.

There are three versions, one known as "King List A"[1] (containing all the kings from the First Dynasty of Babylon to the Neo-Assyrian king Kandalanu) and "King List B"[2] (containing only the two first dynasties) and "King List C"[3] (containing the first seven kings of the Second Dynasty of Isin). A fourth version was written in Greek by Berossus. The "Babylonian King List of the Hellenistic Age" is a continuation that mentions all the Seleucid kings from Alexander the Great to Demetrius II Nicator.[4]

Middle Bronze Age

Early Amorite city-states

Kings of Larsa

Further information: Larsa

Babylonian Empire (Middle Bronze Age)

First Dynasty of Babylon, (Amorite Dynasty)

Further information: First Dynasty of Babylon

Sealand Dynasty (Dynasty II of Babylon)

Further information: Sealand Dynasty

These rulers may not have ruled Babylonia itself for more than the briefest of periods, but rather the formerly Sumerian regions south of it. Nevertheless, it is often traditionally numbered the Second Dynasty of Babylon, and so is listed here.

Early Kassite Monarchs

Further information: Early Kassite rulers

This dynasty also did not actually rule Babylon, but their numbering scheme was continued by later Kassite Kings of Babylon, and so they are listed here.

Late Bronze Age

Kassite Dynasty (Third Dynasty of Babylon)

Further information: Kassites

Iron Age

Dynasty IV of Babylon, from Isin

The name of the dynasty, BALA PA.ŠE, is a paronomasia on the term išinnu, “stalk,” written as PA.ŠE and is the only apparent reference to the actual city of Isin.[5]

Dynasty V of Babylon

Known as the 2nd Sealand Dynasty, the evidence that this was a Kassite Dynasty is rather tenuous.[6]

Dynasty VI of Babylon

Known as the Bīt-Bazi Dynasty after the region from where this minor Kassite clan drew its ancestry.[7]

Dynasty VII of Babylon

This was an Elamite Dynasty.

Dynasty VIII of Babylon

Dynasty IX of Babylon

Dynasty X of Babylon (Assyrian)

Further information: Neo-Assyrian Empire

Dynasty XI of Babylon (Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean Dynasty)

Further information: Neo-Babylonian Empire

Achaemenid Babylonia

Further information: Persian Mesopotamia and Achaemenid Empire

In 539 BC, Babylon was captured by Cyrus the Great. His son was later crowned formally as King of Babylonia. This list uses the Greek names of the achaemenid Persian kings.

Seleucid Babylonia

Further information: Seleucid Empire

Babylon was captured by Alexander III of Macedon in 330 BC. It was captured by the Parthians in 141 BC.

See also

Ancient Near East portal


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