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Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz

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Title: Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz  
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Subject: History of Saudi Arabia, Treaty of Jeddah (1927), Postage stamps and postal history of Saudi Arabia, Unification of Saudi Arabia, January 27
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Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd
مملكة الحجاز ونجد
Mamlakat al-Ḥijāz wa-Najd
Political union of Nejd and Hejaz

1927–1932
Flag of Nejd Flag of Hejaz
Capital Riyadh
Languages Arabic
Ottoman Turkish
Religion Islam
Government Absolute monarchy
King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
Viceroy Faisal (Hejaz)
Saud (Nejd)
Historical era Interwar period
 -  Ibn Saud crowned King of Hejaz 8 January 1926
 -  Nejd decreed a kingdom 29 January 1927
 -  Saudi Arabia established 23 September 1932
Area
 -  1932 2,149,690 km² (830,000 sq mi)
Population
 -  1932 est. 2,439,000 
     Density 1.1 /km²  (2.9 /sq mi)
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The Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (Arabic: مملكة الحجاز ونجد‎, Mamlakat al-Ḥijāz wa-Najd) was a political union established after the Kingdom of Hejaz had been conquered by the Sultanate of Nejd under Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud in 1925.

History

On 8 January 1926, Ibn Saud, the Sultan of Nejd, was crowned King of the Hejaz in the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, and he elevated Nejd to the status of a kingdom on 27 January 1927.[1] At the Treaty of Jeddah on 20 May 1927, Ibn Saud's realm was recognised by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and was addressed as the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz.

For the next five years, Ibn Saud administered the two parts of his dual kingdom as separate units. On 23 September 1932, the main Saudi dominions of Al-Hasa, Qatif, Nejd and the Hejaz were unified as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Foreign policy

The Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz could pursue its expansionist policy by British arms supplies because of its close relations with the United Kingdom. Under Ibn Saud, the Hejaz withdrew from the League of Nations.

In 1926, the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz was recognised by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, followed by the United States of America in 1931. By 1932, the United Kingdom, the USSR, Turkey, the Imperial State of Iran and The Netherlands maintained legations in Jeddah; The French Third Republic, the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Egypt maintained unofficial consular representatives.

Flags of Nejd and Hejaz

Notes

  1. ^ Joseph Kostiner, The Making of Saudi Arabia, 1916–1936: From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State (Oxford University Press US, 1993), ISBN 0-19-507440-8, p104

Sources

  • Statoids - Regions of Saudi Arabia
  • World Statesmen - Saudi Arabia

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