World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004238273
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kathina  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Tazaungmon, Festivals in Thailand, Buddhist holidays, Tazaungdaing festival, Burmese Buddhist Temple
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Former Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva of Thailand offers Kathina robes to monks at 2010 Kathin.

Kathina is a Buddhist festival which comes at the end of Vassa, the three-month rainy season retreat for Theravada Buddhists.[1] The season during which a monastery may hold a Kathina festival is one month long, beginning after the full moon of the eleventh month in the Lunar calendar (usually October).

It is a time of giving, for the laity to express gratitude to monks.[2][3] Lay Buddhists bring donations to temples, especially new robes for the monks.[1][2][3]


As the legend goes, thirty bhikkhus were journeying with the intention of spending Vassa with Gautama Buddha.[1] However, Vassa began before they reached their destination and they had to stop.[1][4] According to Buddha's guidelines for Vassa, mendicant monks shouldn't travel during the rainy season as they may unintentionally harm crops and/or insects during their journey.[5] As such, the monks had to stop.[1][4]

Afterwards, the Buddha rewarded the monks by demonstrating a way to practice sharing and generosity. A lay disciple had previously donated cloth to the Buddha, so the Buddha now gave that cloth to the group of monks and told them to make it into a robe and then offer it as a gift to one of them. A frame, called a Kathina, was used to spread the robe while it was being made.[1][4]



Kahtein (Burmese: ကထိန်, from Pali ကထိန) refers to the ceremony during which yellow robes called matho thingan (မသိုးသင်္ကန်း) are offered to the Buddhist sangha, between the first waning day of Thadingyut (သီတင်းကျွတ်, approximately October) and the full moon day of Tazaungmon (တန်ဆောင်မုန်း, approximately November)[6] in the traditional Burmese calendar. During this period, certain rules of the Vinaya are relaxed for monks.[6] Kahtein trees called badaytha bin (ပဒေသာပင်), on which offerings like money are hung, are also offered.[7]


Kathin (Thai: กฐิน) in Thailand (there is also the transcription "Gathin" in use) is the name for the robes of an ordained monk;[8] the ceremony of Kathina is called Thod Kathin (Thai: ทอดกฐิน). The Thai lunar calendar reckons the day after the 11th full moon as Waning 1, Evening, Moon 11 (Thai: แรม ๑ ค่ำ เดือน ๑๑ Raem 1 Kham Deuan 11 ). The presentation of Kathin by the King of Thailand or HM representative is called The Royal Kathin Ceremony and often has been an occasion for one of Thailand's Royal Barge Processions.

Gathin Festival is a traditional Buddhist festival celebrated by villagers in Northeast Thailand (Issan, Isan, Esarn) and Laos(ບູນກັນທີນ). Colorful parades and offering ceremonies at the end of monks´ retreat at local temples. On Owk-Pansa day of the full moon, villagers and city dwellers will go to their local temple for prayers and paying respect to the sacred.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Kathina at BBC
  2. ^ a b Vassa (Rains Retreat) and Kathina (Robe Offering) Ceremony
  3. ^ a b Vassa, The Rains Retreat
  4. ^ a b c Buddhist Festivals: Kathina
  5. ^ Lay Buddhist Practice - The Shrine Room, Uposatha Day, Rains Residence
  6. ^ a b Kahtein Festival of Tazaungmon
  7. ^
  8. ^ On-line Royal Institute Dictionary (ORID - 1999)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.