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Karl I, Prince of Liechtenstein

Karl I
Prince of Liechtenstein
Reign 20 December 1608 – 12 February 1627
Predecessor None
Successor Karl Eusebius
Born (1569-07-30)30 July 1569
Died 12 February 1627(1627-02-12) (aged 57)
Burial Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Brno
Spouse Baroness Anna Maria Šemberová of Boskovice and Černá Hora
Full name
House House of Liechtenstein
Father Baron Hartmann II of Liechtenstein
Mother Countess Anna Maria of Ortenburg

Karl I, Prince of Liechtenstein (30 July 1569 – 12 February 1627) was the first Liechtenstein to become the Prince of Liechtenstein, thus he was the founder of the Princely Family of Liechtenstein.

Karl was the elder son of Hartmann II, Baron of Liechtenstein (1544–1585) and his wife Countess Anna Maria of Ortenburg (1547–1601). Emperor Rudolf II of the Holy Roman Empire appointed Karl to Chief Intendant, an important position at his court. Karl held this position until 1607. In a dispute over land between the Emperor and heir to the throne, Archduke Mathias, Karl sided with Mathias who made Karl a hereditary prince in thanks for Karl's aid, in 1608. In 1614 Karl joined the regency of the Duchy of Troppau to his possessions. In thanks for further aid at the Battle of White Mountain, Karl was appointed to the positions of proconsul and vice-regent of Bohemia in 1622 and was bestowed with the Order of the Golden Fleece.

He also gained the Duchy of Troppau on 28 December 1613 and the Silesian Duchy of Jägerndorf on 15 March 1622 and much confiscated "rebel property", and he commissioned the Liechtenstein dukedom.[1]

Became a Catholic in 1599. In 1605 Karl established the first branch North of the Alps of the Hospitaller Order of St John of God, at Feldsberg in Lower Austria (now Valtice, Czech Republic).

He was the 352nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. He died in Prague.

Marriage and issue

In 1590, Karl married Anna Maria Šemberová, Baroness of Boskovice and Černá Hora and Lady of Aussee (1575–1625).[2] They had at least four children:

  • Princess Anna Maria Franziska (7 December 1597 – 26 April 1640). Married Prince Maximilian of Dietrichstein-Nikolsburg (1596 – 1655).
  • Princess Franziska Barbara (1604–1655). Married Wenzel Werner of T'Serclaes, Count of Tilly (1599 – 1653).[3]
  • Prince Heinrich (died young).
  • Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein (11 April 1611 – 5 April 1684).[4]



  1. ^ Genealogy
  2. ^ Princely Family of Liechtenstein
  3. ^ Genealogie on line
  4. ^ Princely House of Liechtenstein
  • Article in the ABD
  • Official biography
Karl I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 1569 Died: 12 February 1627
Regnal titles
New title Prince of Liechtenstein
Succeeded by
Karl Eusebius

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