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Title: Kalpak  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Boyars of Wallachia and Moldavia, Bashlyk, Fez, Kolpak, Ottoman clothing
Collection: Caps, Ethnic Kyrgyz Culture, History of Asian Clothing, Turkish Clothing, Turkish Words and Phrases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Dervishes, by Vereshchagin
Atatürk wearing a Turkish-style kalpak
A Kyrgyz Manaschi wears a white kalpaks for the special occasion

Calpack, calpac, kalpac, kalpak, or qalpaq (from Turkish: kalpak ;[1] Kazakh: қалпақ, Kyrgyz: калпак, both ; Bulgarian: калпак; Greek: καλπάκι (kalpaki);[2] Polish: kołpak; Ukrainian: ковпак, kovpak[1]) is a high-crowned cap (usually made of felt or sheepskin) worn by men in Turkey, the Balkans and throughout Central Asia and the Caucasus.

The kalpak is used to keep the head warm in winter and shade out the sun during summer. There are different kalpaks for different seasons, with kalpaks used in winter being thicker and the ones used in summer being thinner but broader for shading purposes.

There are many styles of kalpak. They usually can be folded flat for keeping or carrying when not being worn. The brim can be turned up all the way around. Sometimes there is a cut in the brim so that a two-pointed peak can be formed. Plain white ones are often reserved for festivals and special occasions. Those intended for everyday use may have a black velvet lining. In the Turkic cultures of central Asia, they have a sharp tapering to resemble a mountain, rather than the cyndrical kalpaks of Turkey.

The word kalpak is also a component of the ethnonym of a Turkic group of uncertain relatedness: the "Karakalpak" (literally "black kalpak" in Karakalpak).

In some languages (Russian, Polish, Persian), the word is also used for hubcap (for a car wheel's hub; see also the Wiktionary entry hubcap).


  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

See also


  1. ^ Polish phonetical adaptation


  1. ^ "Merriam-Webster Online - Calpack entry". 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  2. ^ Dehèque, Félix Désiré (1825). Dictionnaire grec–moderne français (in Français). J. Duplessis et Cie. p. 271. καλπάκι, το, bonnet fourré [fur-lined cap] 

External links

The dictionary definition of calpack at Wiktionary

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