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Jomala

 

Jomala

Jomala
Municipality
Jomala kommun
Welcome to Jomala! The coat of arms of Jomala features St. Olav sitting on a throne and holding an axe and a globus cruciger
Welcome to Jomala! The coat of arms of Jomala features St. Olav sitting on a throne and holding an axe and a globus cruciger
Coat of arms of Jomala
Coat of arms
Location of Jomala in Finland
Location of Jomala in Finland
Jomala is located in Åland
Jomala
Location in Åland
Coordinates:
Country Finland
Region Åland
Sub-region Åland Countryside sub-region
Government
 • Municipal manager Carolina Sandell
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 686.96 km2 (265.24 sq mi)
 • Land 142.53 km2 (55.03 sq mi)
 • Water 544.43 km2 (210.21 sq mi)
Area rank 184th largest in Finland
Population (2015-06-30)[2]
 • Total 4,628
 • Rank 212th largest in Finland
 • Density 32.47/km2 (84.1/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Swedish 92.1% (official)
 • Finnish 4.7%
 • Others 3.2%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 20.6%
 • 15 to 64 67.1%
 • 65 or older 12.3%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 17%
Website www.jomala.ax

Jomala is a municipality of Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland.

The municipality has a population of 4,628 (30 June 2015)[2] and covers an area of 686.96 square kilometres (265.24 sq mi) of which 544.43 km2 (210.21 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 32.47 inhabitants per square kilometre (84.1/sq mi).

The municipality is unilingually Swedish.

Mariehamn Airport is located in Jomala.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Sights 2
  • Culture 3
  • Geography 4
  • Villages 5
  • People from Jomala 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

"Jomala" is the name of a god common to many Finno-Ugric peoples. Jumala is Finnish for god and Jomala is one of the sites where Christian church organized itself in Finland. One of oldest churches in Finland stands here as testament to these times.

Jomala was inhabited around 2000 B.C with Jettböle being one of the most renowned prehistoric sites. Other ancient sites include Borgberget, where there was a Viking fortress, and Kasberget which was one of the many mountains where signal fires were lit when enemies were seen approaching.

Before the city of Mariehamn was established in 1861, the peninsula where the city is situated was a part of Jomala.

Sights

The church of Jomala in 1991
The Jomala Rectory as seen by Lake Dalkarby in 1991. The rectory was built in 1848 and an Art Nouveau veranda was added in the beginning of the 20th century
Windmill in Björsby

The church of Jomala is dedicated to the patron saint of Åland, St. Olav. It is the oldest surviving church in Finland[6] and it is situated in the village of Prästgården. The oldest parts of the church date from the 13th century. The church tower is 52 meters tall and there is also a memorial for all the Ålanders who emigrated. Another memorial refers to sailors who lost their lives on sea. The "King of Åland" Julius Sundblom is buried here. A large medieval cemetery with graves from the Iron Age can be visited behind the church.

The Lemström channel divides Jomala from its neighboring municipality, Lemland. It was widened by Russian POWs in 1882.

The Kungsö battery was one of the ten coastal batteries which the Russians built in Åland during the First World War in 1916. The battery was situated 32 meters above sea level, on the highest point of Dalsberg. Finnish, Swedish and German troops invaded it in 1918. It was dismantled in 1919 by Finnish civilian workers.

There are various well-preserved windmills in Jomala, e.g. on Norrgård farm in Björsby.[7]

Culture

Since Jomala belongs to the Swedish-speaking areas of Finland, Midsummer is celebrated every year by hoisting up a maypole. It was a tribute to the sun in the ancient times. Harvest festivities are held every September.

Geography

Jomala is bordered by Lemland in the southwest, Mariehamn in the south, Hammarland in the northwest, Finström in the north and Sund in the northeast.

Villages

These are Andersböle, Björsby, Buskböle, Dalkarby, Djurvik, Gottby, Gölby, Hammarudda, Hinderböle, Ingby, Jomalaby, Karrböle, Kila, Kungsöby, Möckelby, Möckelö, Norrsunda, Rasmansböle, Ringsböle, Sviby, Södersunda, Torp, Ulvsby, Vargsunda, Västansunda, Västerkalmar, Ytterby, Ytternäs, Ödanböle, Önningeby, Österkalmar and Överby.

People from Jomala

References

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.06.2015" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.muuka.com/finnishpumpkin/churches/aland/church_aland.html
  7. ^ Kjell Ekström: Åland - skärgård i Östersjön, p. 46. Mariehamn 2006

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Municipality of Jomala – Official website
  • Map of Jomala municipality
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