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Jeju City

Jeju
제주시
Administrative city
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 제주시
 • Hanja 濟州市
 • Revised Romanization Jeju-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Cheju-si
Overview of Jeju City
Overview of Jeju City
Official logo of Jeju
Emblem of Jeju City
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Jeju
Administrative divisions 19 dong, 4 eup, 3 myeon
Area
 • Total 977.8 km2 (377.5 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 435,413
 • Density 418/km2 (1,080/sq mi)
 • Dialect Jeju

Jeju (Jeju-si; Korean pronunciation: ) is the capital of Jeju Province in South Korea and the largest city on Jejudo. The city is served by Jeju International Airport (IATA code CJU).

Located in a southern part of Korea, on an island off the Korean Peninsula, Jeju has mild, warm weather during much of the year. The city is a well-known resort, with prestigious hotels and public casino facilities. In 2011, 9.9 million passengers flew between the two cities of Seoul and Jeju, making the GimpoJeju route the world's busiest passenger air route.[1] Jeju welcomes over ten million visitors from mainland Korea, Japan, and China every year.[2][3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transportation 2
  • Economy 3
  • Geography 4
  • Climate 5
  • Administrative divisions 6
  • Sister cities 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

The area of the city has played a central role in Jeju since before recorded history. The Samseonghyeol, holes from which the three ancestors of the Jeju people are said to have come, are located in downtown Jeju City.

The city has grown quite rapidly since the 1970s. Shin Jeju (신제주), or "new Jeju", was created some decades ago, up the hill from the airport and houses many government buildings. The thatched roof buildings that were common throughout the city until the 1970s are gradually disappearing.

The city was separated from Bukjeju County in 1955. However, in 2005 Jeju Province voters approved a proposal to merge the city with Bukjeju County, also merging Seogwipo with Namjeju County to create two large cities directly administered by the province. That change was put into effect in July 2006.

In 2012 Sang-Oh Kim became mayor; he was formerly the Jeju regional president of National Agricultural Cooperative Federation.

Transportation

Jeju City is the principal transportation center for Jeju Province. It is home to the island's sole airport, Jeju International Airport; the Jeju-Seoul route is one of the world's busiest airline routes.[1]

In addition, its port is the largest on the island, serving the great majority of passenger and cargo vessels that visit the island. It also stands at the center of the island's road network. To travel throughout the city and island, various buses are available and affordably priced, typically running approximately 1,000 won (0.90 USD) for one ride. A bus ride from Jeju City to Seogwipo (the second largest city on the island) is typically an hour.

Economy

Due to its central position in transportation, Jeju City sees the main share of tourist traffic to the island. Many tourists arrive at the city through the port terminal or airport, stay in the tourist hotels of the Sinjeju neighborhood, and stay within the city to visit various Jeju tourist attractions. These include Dragon's Head Rock (Yongduam, hangul: 용두암 ) along the coast; the Samseonghyeol, three holes in the downtown area; Hallasan National Park in the interior; the country's tallest mountain, Hallasan; and world's largest botanical garden, Bunjae Artpia.

The city also sells lots of oranges for which Jeju is famous. Jeju City is surrounded by orange and mandarin farms.[4][5]

Jeju Air has its headquarters in Jeju City.

Geography

In its former boundaries, Jeju City was 19.3 kilometers from east to west, and 10.2 kilometers from north to south. To the north, it looks across the Korea Strait at the southern coast of South Jeolla Province. To the south, it meets Seogwipo at the top of Hallasan, the island's sole mountain.

Climate

Jeju City has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is much wetter in summer, with more than 180 millimetres (7.1 in) of rain falling in each month from June to September.

Climate data for Jeju City, South Korea (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
29.0
(84.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.8
(78.4)
21.3
(70.3)
16.0
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
18.9
(66)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.7
(42.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.4
(48.9)
13.8
(56.8)
17.8
(64)
21.5
(70.7)
25.8
(78.4)
26.8
(80.2)
23.0
(73.4)
18.2
(64.8)
12.8
(55)
8.1
(46.6)
15.8
(60.4)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.1
(43)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
18.7
(65.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.3
(75.7)
20.4
(68.7)
15.1
(59.2)
9.8
(49.6)
5.3
(41.5)
12.9
(55.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.2
(2.567)
62.6
(2.465)
88.6
(3.488)
89.6
(3.528)
96.4
(3.795)
181.4
(7.142)
239.9
(9.445)
262.5
(10.335)
221.6
(8.724)
80.3
(3.161)
61.9
(2.437)
47.7
(1.878)
1,497.6
(58.961)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12.6 10.3 11.2 10.0 10.4 11.8 12.5 13.5 10.8 7.0 9.3 10.8 130.2
Average relative humidity (%) 65.3 64.9 64.9 66.5 70.4 76.8 78.3 76.5 73.7 66.9 65.1 65.1 69.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 70.4 105.4 158.9 194.4 211.9 170.9 195.6 195.6 161.7 178.5 126.0 84.8 1,854.1
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[6]

Administrative divisions

Jeju is divided into 19 neighbourhoods (dong), 4 towns (eup), and 3 townships (myeon):[7]

Sister cities

Jeju has a "Memorandum of Understanding" with Ulm, Germany.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Top flights". Daily chart.  
  2. ^ "Jeju Island: South Korea's volcanic holiday destination".  
  3. ^ "The Chinese are buying up South Korea’s Jeju Island, and the islanders are not too pleased".  
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Jeju Air. Retrieved on 2010-03-05.
  5. ^ "print_jeju.html." Jeju Air. Retrieved on 2010-03-05.
  6. ^ "평년값자료(1981–2010) 제주(184)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  7. ^ 제주시소개 - 지리정보 면적 (in Korean). Jeju City homepage. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  8. ^ "Ulm - International Contacts" (in German). City of Ulm. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 

External links

  • City government website
  • Jeju City at Encyclopedia of Korean Local Culture

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