Translations of
English: jealousy,
Pali: issā
Sanskrit: irshya, īrṣyā
Tibetan: ཕྲག་དོག
(Wylie: phrag dog;
THL: tradok
Glossary of Buddhism

Irshya (Sanskrit, also īrṣyā; Pali: issā; Tibetan: phrag dog) is a Buddhist term that is translated as "jealousy" or "envy". It is defined as a state of mind in which one is highly agitated to obtain wealth and honor for oneself, but unable to bear the excellence of others.[1][2]

Irshya is identified as:

See also


  1. ^ a b Guenther (1975), Kindle Locations 890-891.
  2. ^ a b Kunsang (2004), p. 26.


  • Berzin, Alexander (2006), Mind and Mental Factors: The Fifty-one Types of Subsidiary Awareness
  • Goleman, Daniel (2008). Destructive Emotions: A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama. Bantam. Kindle Edition.
  • Guenther, Herbert V. & Leslie S. Kawamura (1975), Mind in Buddhist Psychology: A Translation of Ye-shes rgyal-mtshan's "The Necklace of Clear Understanding" Dharma Publishing. Kindle Edition.
  • Kunsang, Erik Pema (translator) (2004). Gateway to Knowledge, Vol. 1. North Atlantic Books.

External links

  • phrag dogRanjung Yeshe wiki entry for
  • Berzin Archives glossary entry for "jealousy"
  • Strategies for Deconstructing Jealousy, by Alexander Berzin
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