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Instructive case

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Title: Instructive case  
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Subject: Ergative case, Colloquial Finnish, Grammatical case, Meänkieli dialects, Finnish noun cases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Instructive case

In the Finnish language, the instructive case has the basic meaning of "by means of". It is a comparatively rarely used case, though it is found in some commonly used expressions, such as omin silmin → "with one's own eyes".

In modern Finnish, many of its instrumental uses are being superseded by the adessive case, as in "minä matkustin junalla" → "I travelled by train."

It is also used with Finnish verbal second infinitives to mean "by", e.g. "lentäen" → "by flying", "by air" ("lentää" = "to fly").

In Turkish, the suffix -le is used for this purpose. Ex: Trenle geldim "I came via train".

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