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Ifni

Ifni
Province of Spain

1958–1969
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Spanish West Africa
Map showing Ifni as the very small
central red area (click to enlarge).
Capital Sidi Ifni
History
 •  Established 12 January 1958
 •  Returned to Morocco 4 January 1969
Area
 •  1969 1,502 km2 (580 sq mi)
Population
 •  1964 51,517 
Map sheet showing boundary of the former Ifni Province.

Ifni was a Spanish province on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, south of Agadir and across from the Canary Islands.

It had a total area of 1,502 km² (580 sq mi), and a population of 51,517 in 1964. The main industry was fishing.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Postage stamps 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Spain's presence in the area can be traced to a settlement called Santa Cruz de la Mar Pequeña, founded in 1476. The Spanish were expelled from the area in 1524 by the Berbers.

In the mid-19th century, Spain mooted an interest in its lost medieval fortress in order to stake a claim to the southern part of Morocco. This served as a pretext for a short war with Morocco in 1859.

The territory and its main town of Sidi Ifni were ceded to Spain by Morocco on 26 April 1860, but there was little interest in this colonial acquisition until 1934 when the governor-general of Spanish Sahara took up residence.

During Francisco Franco's dictatorship, the colony was made into a Spanish province in order to forestall United Nations criticism of continued colonization.

After the "

Spain formally returned the territory to Morocco on 30 June 1969.[1] The territory was integrated into the Moroccan region of Souss-Massa-Drâa.

Postage stamps

Spain began issuing postage stamps for Ifni in 1941, initially overprinting Spanish stamps with "TERRITORIO DE IFNI", then issuing new designs in 1943. Issues followed at the rate of about ten per year with the last on 23 November 1968. Most are commonly available and are more often seen unused than used.

See also

References

  1. ^ United Nations Yearbook 1969, pp. 661-64.

External links

  • (Spanish) Ifni Friend's Association (Asociación de Amigos de Ifni)
  • (Spanish) The Corner of Sidi Ifni (El Rincón de Sidi Ifni)
  • (Spanish) Ifni today (Links for traveling to Ifni)
  • (Spanish) Jomabase photo album on Picasa
  • (German) Maps of Ifni

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