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Human rights in Abkhazia

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Title: Human rights in Abkhazia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abkhazia, List of human rights articles by country, Economy of Abkhazia, Abkhazian law, Human rights in Central Asia
Collection: Abkhazian Law, Human Rights by Country, Human Rights in Georgia (Country)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Human rights in Abkhazia

Human rights in Abkhazia are granted by Chapter II of its recognized by a bigger part of the international community. The same Constitution allows only to persons of Abkhaz ethnicity to be President of Abkhazia (Article 49; in the aforementioned translation words Abkhazian nationality are used, however, for citizens, another term is used — citizen of the Republic of Abkhazia, like in Article 38. Besides, in the Constitution's text in co-official Russian language word национальность clearly indicating ethnicity is used[2]).

In the 1990s, ethnic cleansing of Georgians took place in Abkhazia; many ethnic Georgians remain displaced persons to this day.

  • CoE Commissioner for Human Rights report
  • Freedom House report on Abkhazia

External links

  1. ^ Constitution of Abkhazia
  2. ^ Constitution of Abkhazia(Russian)
  3. ^ a b Freedom House report on Abkhazia, 2009
  4. ^ President ratified legal base of activity of Human rights commissioner
  5. ^ The Georgian-Abkhaz conflict//OSCE Mission to Georgia
  6. ^ Gogoryan, Anaid (2009-09-25). "Abkhaz Media Fear Free Speech Under Threat". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved 2009-09-27. 


Marshania D. Z. Human and civil rights in the Republic of Abkhazia, 2008. (Russian)


On 21 September 2009 journalist Anton Krivenyuk was sentenced by the Sukhumi city court to a three year suspended prison sentence for libel of president Sergei Bagapsh. On 8 June Krivenyuk had written an article for a Russian website which was widely republished in Abkhazian newspapers in which he criticised Bagapsh's decision to hand over control of the Abkhazian railway to Russia. Krivenyuk was the first journalist to be prosecuted in Abkhazia since the fall of the Soviet Union, and his conviction was seen by some other journalists as part of a government crack-down on independent media in the run-up to the December 2009 Abkhazian presidential election.[6]

There are several independent newspapers and one independent SOMA radio station; electronic media are partially controlled by the state.[3]


The UN Human Rights Office Abkhazia, Georgia (HROAG), was established in 1996 to protect and promote human rights there.[5]

[4] A post of Human Rights Commissioner (as of 2008 —

Domestic and international institutions


  • Domestic and international institutions 1
  • Media 2
  • Literature 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


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