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Gondola (family)

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Gondola (family)

Gundulić
Gondola
Country Republic of Ragusa
Austria-Hungary
Titles Count
Founded 930
Dissolution 1800
Cadet branches House of Getaldić-Gundulić

The House of Gundulić[1] or Gondola[2] ("Gundulić" in Croatian, Gundula or Gundolae [1] [2] in Italo-Dalmatian) was a noble family from city of Dubrovnik, with origins in southern Dalmatia and Tyrol. The family´s motto is Tout ou rien ("All or nothing"). It was considered one of the most prestigious families of the Republic of Ragusa.

Contents

  • Origins 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Origins

Originally from Lucca, the family arrived in Dubrovnik around 930. The name "Gundulić" is derived from the word Gondola, which in turn comes from Greek. On 20 April 1693 the Secretary of the Republic of Ragusa, Michael Allegrettus, confirmed the nobility of the family on behalf of the Rectors and the Great Council (Consilium Maius), it's patrician status. The first known member of the Gundulić family was known as Silvanus. The mention of the name comes from 1024.

In the 13th century, three generations of this family took leading roles in the public life in Dubrovnik. In the 15th century, Paladin Gundulić held the important position of a diplomat of the Republic to the Kingdom of Naples and Skanderbeg.[3] The poet Ivan Gundulić (1589-1638) became the most significant person in the Gundulić family, being named the Count of Konavle in 1615 and 1619. In 1634 he became a senator. At the end of 1638 he was elected to the Small Council, but died before he was able to take office. Ivan married Nikoleta Sorkočević, daughter of Šišmundo Sorkočević.

Ivan's son, Frano, served the Austrian Empire and the Polish King Jan III Sobieski in 1683, participating in the defeat of the Ottoman Turks at the Battle of Vienna. The family then obtained fiefdoms from Emperor Leopold I. The others sons, Šišmundo (Šiško) and Matej, spent several years in the military service of the Spanish Habsburgs. After his return to Dubrovnik, Matej lived in Turkey for 28 months, until 1674. Matej later married a commoner, but had no children. He was elected the Rector of Ragusa many times.

See also

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ Usage of the name "Gundulić" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:
    • Harris (2006), p.296
    • Goy (2001), p.28
    • Rossiter (1969), p.159
    • Hochman (1984), p.434
    • Sugar (1993), p.181
    • Cvitanic (2011), p.112
  2. ^ Usage of the name "Gondola" in English-language sources.
    Selected examples:
    • David Rheubottom (2000), pages 4, 21, 33, 62
    • John Thomas (2009), page 1055
    • Dubrovnik Annals (2007), pages 42 and 63
    • Virginia Cox (2011), pages 216,238 and 261
  3. ^ Bojović (1998), p.197
Bibliography
  • Harris, Robin (2006). Dubrovnik: A History. Saqi Books.  
  • Goy, Edward Dennis (2001). Love and death in the poetry of Šiško Menčetić and Džore Držić. Akademija Nova.  
  • Rossiter, Stuart (1969). Yugoslavia: the Adriatic Coast. Benn. 
  • Hochman, Stanley (1984). McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of World Drama. VNR AG.  
  • Sugar, Peter F. (1993). Southeastern Europe Under Ottoman Rule, 1354-1804.  
  • Bojović, Boško I. (1998). Création musicale et nationalismes dans le Sud-Est européen (in French). Association Pierre Belon.  
  • Cvitanic, Marilyn (2011). Culture and Customs of Croatia. ABC-CLIO.  
  • Rheubottom, David (2000). Age, Marriage and Politics in 14th century Ragusa. Oxford Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology.  
  • Thomas, John (2009). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Cosimo Classics.  
  • Dubrovnik Annals Volumes 10 and 11. Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. 2007. 
  • Cox, Virginia (2011). The Prodigious Muse: Women's Writing in Counter-Reformation Italy. The Johns Hopkins University Press.  

External links

  • House of Getaldić-Gundulić
  • Franz Joseph Count Gundulić
  • Storia famiglia Gundulig
  • Grafen Familie Gondola p. 596-7
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