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Heracleidae (play)

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Title: Heracleidae (play)  
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Subject: Euripides, Eurystheus, Heracleidae, Macaria, Hebe (mythology), Greek tragedy, Loeb Classical Library, Great Books of the Western World, Sacrificial lamb, Demophon of Athens
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Heracleidae (play)

Herakles' Children
Statue of Euripides
Written by Euripides
Chorus aged Athenians
Characters Iolaus
Copreus
Demophon
Macaria
Servant of Hyllus
Alcmene
Messenger
Eurystheus
Acamas
Place premiered Athens
Original language Ancient Greek
Genre Tragedy
Setting Before the temple of Zeus at Marathon

Herakles' Children (Ancient Greek: Ἡρακλεῖδαι, Hērakleidai; also translated as Children of Herakles and Heracleidae) is an Athenian tragedy by Euripides that was first performed c. 430 BC. It follows the children of Herakles (known as the Heracleidae) as they seek protection from Eurystheus. It is the first of two surviving tragedies by Euripides where the children of Herakles are suppliants (the second being Herakles).

Background

Eurystheus was responsible for many of the troubles of Herakles. In order to prevent the children of Herakles from taking revenge on him, he sought to kill them. They flee under the protection of Iolaus, Herakles' close friend and nephew.

Plot synopsis

The play begins at the altar of Zeus at Marathon. The herald Copreus, in the employ of King Eurystheus of Mycenae, attempts to seize the children of Herakles, together with Herakles's old friend, Iolaus. When King Demophon, son of Theseus, insists that Iolaus and Herakles's children are under his protection, Copreus threatens to return with an army. Demophon is prepared to protect the children even at the cost of fighting a war against Eurystheus, but after consulting the oracles, he learns that the Athenians will be victorious only if they sacrifice a maiden of noble birth to Persephone. Demophon tells Iolaus that as much as he would like to help, he will not sacrifice his own child or force any of the Athenians to do so. Iolaus, realizing that he and the children will have to leave Athens and seek refuge elsewhere, despairs.

When Macaria, a daughter of Herakles, hears about the oracle's pronouncement and realizes her family's predicament, she offers herself as the victim, refusing a lottery. Bidding farewell to her siblings and to Iolaus, she leaves to be sacrificed. At the same time, Hyllus arrives with reinforcements. Although Iolaus is old and feeble, he insists on going out to the battle. Once there, he miraculously regains his youth and captures Eurystheus. A debate about executing him follows. Alkmene, Herakles's aged mother, insists that Eurystheus be executed at once, though such an execution is against Athenian law. Finally, Eurystheus tells them a prophecy of how his spirit will protect the city from the descendants of Herakles's children if they slay and bury him, and so it is done.

Translations

  • The Heracleidae - trans. Edward P. Coleridge (1891) - prose.[1]
  • Arthur S. Way, 1912 - verse
  • Ralph Gladstone, 1955 - verse
  • The Children of Herakles - trans. Henry Taylor and Robert A. Brooks (1981).[2]
  • Heracleidae - trans. David Kovacs (1994) - prose[3]
  • Children of Heracles - trans. John Davie (1996).[4]
  • Herakles' Children - trans. Kenneth McLeish (1997).[5]
  • Herakleidae -trans. George Theodoridis (2010)-prose

References

Sources

  • Burian, Peter, and Alan Shapiro, eds. 2010. The Complete Euripides. By Euripides. Vol. 3. The Greek Tragedy in New Translations ser. Oxford and New York: Oxford. ISBN 0-19-538877-1.
  • Davie, John, trans. 2003. Medea and Other Plays. By Euripides. London and New York: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-044929-9.
  • Walton, J. Michael, and Kenneth McLeish, eds. 1997. Plays: V. By Euripides. Methuen Classical Greek Dramatists ser. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-71640-6.
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