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Green Party of Quebec

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Title: Green Party of Quebec  
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Green Party of Quebec


The Parti vert du Québec/Green Party of Quebec or PVQ is a Quebec political party whose platform is the promotion of green values. It has not elected any members to the National Assembly of Quebec. It received 0.55% of the popular vote in the 2014 Quebec election.

History

First Green Party of Quebec (1985–1998)

A first version of the Green Party of Québec was founded in the 1980s and had candidates in the 1985, 1989 and 1994

The party disintegrated in 1994 due to its leader, 1998 Quebec general election. (Quebec law at the time required parties to run at least 20 candidates to maintain their official status. The Supreme Court of Canada ruled minimum candidate laws unconstitutional in 2003.)

Current Green Party of Quebec (2001–present)

The second (and current) version of the PVQ was founded in 2001 by members of the Green Party of Canada in Quebec after receiving more support in Quebec in the 2000 federal election than they had expected. The founding meeting, in the basement of the Montreal Biodome, was attended by about 20 people, and it contested the 2003 provincial election with few candidates and almost no money.

In 2002, three leftist political parties (Rassemblement pour l'alternative progressiste, Parti de la démocratie socialiste and Parti Communiste du Québec) merged to form the Union des forces progressistes. The PVQ pledged to try to avoid running candidates in ridings where there was a UFP candidate, although it reserved the right to run anywhere it wanted to (even ridings with a UFP candidate), and did not merge with the UFP. In May 2006, the Party pledged to stay independent after several appeals to join Québec solidaire, the UFP's successor.

Scott McKay was elected as party leader in 2006. The party had its most successful showing ever in the 2007 Quebec general elections, placing fourth with just under four per cent of the popular vote. Unlike the previous version of the party, the new version did not adopt a position on whether Quebec should become sovereign. As a result, it was most competitive in western Montreal where there was a drop in Liberal Party support but little enthusiasm for sovereigntist alternatives such as the Parti Québécois. The Green Party placed second or third in the popular vote in some western Montreal ridings.

In 2008, the PVQ held a leadership review, during which Guy Rainville defeated Scott McKay. McKay then joined the Parti Québécois and was elected as an MNA in the 2008 election, while the Green Party itself fell to two per cent of the popular vote, fifth place among political parties and the only one of the top five parties not to win a seat in the National Assembly. On September 10, 2010, Rainville announced that he would not seek another two-year term as leader.[2] Claude Sabourin narrowly defeated party president Paul-André Martineau for the position.[3]

In April 2012, the leader Claude Sabourin went to a meeting in La Pinière riding,[4] where he recruited four future candidates, two of which — Alex Tyrrell[5] & Marc André Beauchemin[6] — would later run for the leadership of the party.[7][8] Overall the party lost over half its support from the previous election, obtaining 1% of the overall popular vote and running candidates in only 66 of Quebec's 125 ridings during the September 4, 2012 election. Sabourin finished 5th in NDG riding with 1,531 votes and 5.77% of the vote.[9] Alex Tyrrell finished third in Jacques Cartier with 1,522 votes and 4.54% of the vote.[10]

Claude Sabourin resigned as party leader on Sunday, February 24, 2013 at the Green Party of Quebec convention held that weekend in Montreal.[11] Jean Cloutier was elected interim leader that same day.[12]

On September 21, 2013, Alex Tyrrell was elected leader of the PVQ defeating other leadership candidates Patricia Domingos, Marc-André Beauchemin and Pierre-Étienne Loignon.[13] Another candidate Lisa Julie Cahn[14] had withdrawn earlier in the race. At the age of 25 years Mr. Tyrrell became the youngest current party leader in Quebec politics.[15]

The Parti vert du Québec intended to diversify its policies in view of the 2014 general elections, in order to increase its support. Tyrrell explained that the PVQ would be an eco-socialist group. Thus, the environment would remain its priority but the party would also defend a public health system and would propose among other things a universal program of dental care for all Quebecers. It is also in favor of free public transport.[16]

Leaders

  • Yves Blanchette (1987–1989)
  • Jean Ouimet (1989–1993)
  • Marian L. Grant (1993–1994)
  • Éric Ferland (1994–1996)
  • Saloua Laridhi (1996–1998)

The party did not exist between 1998 and 2001.

Results summaries

General election # of candidates # of elected candidates % of popular vote # of votes
1985 10 0 0.14% 4,613
1989 46 0 1.99% 67,675
1994 11 0 0.14% 5,499
1998 The party was dissolved.
2003 36 0 0.44% 16,975
2007 108 0 3.85% 152,885
2008 80 0 2.18% 70,685
2012 66 0 0.99% 43,394
2014 44 0 0.55% 23,163

Notes and references

  1. ^ Vanier | QuébecPolitique.com
  2. ^ Green Party website
  3. ^ Montreal Gazette (November 20, 2010). Martineau has been president of the Green Party since 2006 (current as of January 2011), except for a brief period in 2008. He has a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the University of Montreal (1985) and a bachelor's degree in business administration from HEC Montréal (2001). At the time of the leadership contest, he was working in information technology and pursuing a specialized graduate degree in environment and sustainable development from the Université du Québec à Montréal. He has not run for federal or provincial office. See Équipe Paul-André Martineau (campaign page) and (biographie et contact), accessed January 23, 2011.
  4. ^ https://www.facebook.com/events/143501799092947/
  5. ^ http://pvq.qc.ca/en/node/97
  6. ^ http://pvq.qc.ca/en/node/110
  7. ^ http://www.verts2013.org/alex-tyrrell/
  8. ^ http://www.verts2013.org/marc-andre-beauchemin/
  9. ^ Notre-Dame-de-Grâce (provincial electoral district)
  10. ^ Jacques-Cartier
  11. ^ http://www.west-end-times.com/sabourin-resigns-as-quebec-green-party-leader/
  12. ^ https://twitter.com/VJCarbonneau/statuses/305839250958585856
  13. ^ http://www.verts2013.org/course-a-la-chefferiecandidats/
  14. ^ http://politwitter.ca/page/videos/id/32202
  15. ^ http://www.newswire.ca/fr/story/1230795/le-parti-vert-du-quebec-a-choisi-son-nouveau-chef-alex-tyrrell
  16. ^ http://journalmetro.com/actualites/national/456093/le-parti-vert-du-quebec-sera-eco-socialiste/

See also

External links

  • Official website
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