World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0003054164
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gheg  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Albania, Albanians, List of poets, Vigesimal, Albanian alphabet, Prince Leka of Albania, Rhotacism, List of Indo-European languages, Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia, Faik Konica
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


"Geg" redirects here. For Spokane International Airport (IATA: GEG), see Spokane International Airport.
Region Albania, Kosovo,Template:Efn Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
Native speakers unknown (undated figure of 4.2 million)Template:Infobox language/ref
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-3 aln
Linguist List Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
Linguasphere 55-AAA-aaa to 55-AAA-aag
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Gheg (or Geg) is one of the two major varieties of Albanian. The other one is Tosk, on which standard Albanian is based. The dividing line between these two varieties is the Shkumbin River, which winds its way through central Albania.

Gheg is spoken in Northern Albania, KosovoTemplate:Efn, northwestern Republic of Macedonia, southern Montenegro and Kosovo. It is also spoken in parts of Sicily and southern Italy.

There are still some authors who write in Gheg.

Gheg does not have any official status as a written language in any country. Publications in Kosovo and Macedonia are in standard Albanian, which is based on Tosk.


Gheg has several dialects, notably:

Southern Gheg

Main article: Southern Gheg

Northern Gheg

The Italian linguist Carlo Tagliavini puts the Gheg of Kosovo and Macedonia in Eastern Gheg.[2]


Assimilations are common in Gheg, but are not part of the Albanian literary language which only follows Tosk Albanian.[3]



IPA Written as
[ə] ë (nër)
[a] a (dash)
[ɑ] â (prâpë)
[ɒ] ä (knaçët)
[e] e (dêre)
[ɛ] ê (mênôj)
[i] i (dritë)
[o] o (kos)
[u] u (kur)
[y] y (shyçyr)
[ɔ] ô (dôrë)


IPA Written as
[ĩ] ĩ
[ɑ̃] ã
[ɔ̃] õ (some dialects)
[ũ] ũ (hũna)

See also





  • Martin Camaj (1984), Albanian grammar, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Carlo Tagliavini (1942), Le parlate albanesi di tipo Ghego orientale: Dardania e Macedonia nord-occidentale,

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.