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Gheg

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Gheg

"Geg" redirects here. For Spokane International Airport (IATA: GEG), see Spokane International Airport.
Gheg
Region Albania, Kosovo,Template:Efn Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia
Native speakers unknown (undated figure of 4.2 million)Template:Infobox language/ref
Language family
Language codes
ISO 639-3 aln
Linguist List Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
  Template:Infobox language/linguistlist
Linguasphere 55-AAA-aaa to 55-AAA-aag
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Gheg (or Geg) is one of the two major varieties of Albanian. The other one is Tosk, on which standard Albanian is based. The dividing line between these two varieties is the Shkumbin River, which winds its way through central Albania.

Gheg is spoken in Northern Albania, KosovoTemplate:Efn, northwestern Republic of Macedonia, southern Montenegro and Kosovo. It is also spoken in parts of Sicily and southern Italy.

There are still some authors who write in Gheg.

Gheg does not have any official status as a written language in any country. Publications in Kosovo and Macedonia are in standard Albanian, which is based on Tosk.

Dialects

Gheg has several dialects, notably:

Southern Gheg

Main article: Southern Gheg

Northern Gheg

The Italian linguist Carlo Tagliavini puts the Gheg of Kosovo and Macedonia in Eastern Gheg.[2]

Phonology

Assimilations are common in Gheg, but are not part of the Albanian literary language which only follows Tosk Albanian.[3]

Vowels

Oral

IPA Written as
[ə] ë (nër)
[a] a (dash)
[ɑ] â (prâpë)
[ɒ] ä (knaçët)
[e] e (dêre)
[ɛ] ê (mênôj)
[i] i (dritë)
[o] o (kos)
[u] u (kur)
[y] y (shyçyr)
[ɔ] ô (dôrë)

Nasalized

IPA Written as
[ĩ] ĩ
[ɛ̃]
[ɑ̃] ã
[ɔ̃] õ (some dialects)
[ỹ]
[ũ] ũ (hũna)

See also

Annotations

Template:Notes

References

Sources

  • Martin Camaj (1984), Albanian grammar, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
  • Carlo Tagliavini (1942), Le parlate albanesi di tipo Ghego orientale: Dardania e Macedonia nord-occidentale,

External links

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