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Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

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Title: Gansu Uyghur Kingdom  
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Subject: Gansu, Turkic states, Timeline of the Turkic peoples (500–1300), Shatuo, Turks in the Tang military
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Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

Gansu Uyghur Kingdom

Capital Dunhuang
Languages Old Uyghur language
Religion Manichaeism
Government Monarchy
 •  Established c.848
 •  Disestablished 1036
History of the Turkic peoples
History of the Turkic peoples
Pre-14th century
Turkic Khaganate 552–744
  Western Turkic
  Eastern Turkic
Avar Khaganate 564–804
Khazar Khaganate 618–1048
Xueyantuo 628–646
Great Bulgaria 632–668
  Danube Bulgaria
  Volga Bulgaria
Kangar union 659–750
Turgesh Khaganate 699–766
Uyghur Khaganate 744–840
Karluk Yabgu State 756–940
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840–1212
  Western Kara-Khanid
  Eastern Kara-Khanid
Gansu Uyghur Kingdom 848–1036
Kingdom of Qocho 856–1335
Pecheneg Khanates
Kimek Khanate
Oghuz Yabgu State
Ghaznavid Empire 963–1186
Seljuk Empire 1037–1194
  Seljuk Sultanate of Rum
Khwarazmian Empire 1077–1231
Delhi Sultanate 1206–1526
  Mamluk dynasty
  Khilji dynasty
  Tughlaq dynasty
Golden Horde | [1][2][3] 1240s–1502
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo) 1250–1517
  Bahri dynasty

The Gansu Uyghur Kingdom was established around 848, by the Uyghurs after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.[4] The kingdom lasted from 848-1036; during that time, many of Gansu's residents converted to Buddhism.[5]

The Gansu area was, traditionally, a Chinese inroad into Asia. By the ninth century the Uyghurs had come to dominate the area, taking over from the Tibetan Empire. The area had become a "commercially critical region", making the Uyghur wealthy and cosmopolitan. By the early 11th century, they were in turn conquered by the Tangut people.[6]

Modern era

The modern day descendants of the Gansu Uyghur kingdom are known as Yugur.[7]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Peter B. Golden, Central Asia in World History, (Oxford University Press, 2011), 47.
  5. ^ Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity, H. J. Klimkeit, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, Part 2, ed. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, M.S.Asimov, (Motilal Banarsidass, 2003), 70.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity, H. J. Klimkeit, History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Vol.4, Part 2, 70

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