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Forum on China–Africa Cooperation

The logo of the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation

The Forum on China–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) simplified Chinese: 中非合作论坛; traditional Chinese: 中非合作論壇; pinyin: Zhōng Fēi hézuò lùntán; French: Forum sur la coopération sino-africaine) is an official forum between the People's Republic of China and the states in Africa. There have been five summits held to date, with the most recent meeting having occurred from July 19-20, 2012 in Beijing, China. Previous summits were held in October 2000 in Beijing, December 2003 in Addis Ababa, November 2006 in Beijing, and November 2009 Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.


  • 2000, Beijing, China 1
  • 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2
  • 2006, Beijing 3
  • 2009, Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt 4
  • 2012, Beijing 5
  • 2015, South Africa 6
  • See also 7
  • Further reading 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

2000, Beijing, China

The first ministerial conference was held in

  • Official Website of FOCAC

External links

  1. ^ "The 1st Ministerial Conference",, 26 October 2006, originally published by Xinhua News (accessed 19 March 2009)
  2. ^ Kawakami, Osamu. "China rivalry marks TICAD IV / Govt seeks African support on climate change, UNSC membership," Daily Yomiuri. Mary 31, 1008.
  3. ^ Yan, Zhou (28 May 2010). "CAD Fund to boost footprint in Africa".  
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  8. ^ Barney Jopson, Jamil Anderlini (Nov 9, 2009). "China pledges $10 billion in low-cost loans to Africa".  
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Ian Taylor The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) London: Routledge, 2012. ISBN 978-0-415-62851-8.

Further reading

See also

The sixth ministerial meeting of the FOCAC will be held in December 2015 in South Africa. [11]

2015, South Africa

The fifth ministerial meeting of the FOCAC was held in 2012 in Beijing, China.

2012, Beijing

The head of the United Nations food agency, World Food Programme, Executive Director Josette Sheeran praised the forum's role in food security, agriculture and infrastructure in Africa.[10]

China also will provide medical equipment and antimalarial materials worth 500 million yuan to the 30 hospitals and 30 malaria prevention and treatment centers built by China and train 3,000 doctors and nurses for Africa. Wen further stated that China will build 50 China–Africa friendship schools and train 1,500 school principals and teachers for African countries and increase the number of Chinese government scholarships to Africa to 5,500 by 2012. China will also train a total of 20,000 professionals of various fields for Africa over the next three years.[9]

A $10 billion low cost loan was announced on November 9, 2009, double the $5 billion loan announced and implemented at the 2006 Beijing Summit. A 1 billion U.S. dollar special loan for small and medium-sized African businesses was also established. China also announced eight new policy measures aimed at strengthening relations with Africa were "more focused on improving people's livelihoods".[8] Wen announced that China will write off the debt of some of the poorest African nations. He said China will construct 100 new clean-energy projects on the continent covering solar power, bio-gas and small hydro-power and gradually lower customs duties on 95 percent of products from African states with which it has diplomatic ties. He also stated that China would undertake 100 joint demonstration projects on scientific and technological research, receive 100 African postdoctoral fellows to conduct scientific research in China and assist them in going back and serving their home countries. The number of agricultural technology demonstration centers built by China in Africa will be increased to 20, 50 agricultural technology teams would be sent to Africa and 2,000 agricultural technology personnel would be trained for Africa, in order to help strengthen Africa's ability to ensure food security.

The fourth ministerial meeting of the FOCAC was held at Soho-Square, in the Egyptian resort of Sharm el-Sheikh on 8 to 9 November 2009. The meeting reviewed how the consensus of the Beijing Summit has been implemented. It also adopted a Sharm el-Sheikh declaration and an action plan for 2010–2012 to chart the path for further China–Africa cooperation. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and African heads of state or government from 49 countries attended the opening ceremony. Also addressing the opening session were the presidents of Liberia, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Sudan, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Central African Republic, and Tanzania; the prime ministers of Ethiopia, Côte d'Ivoire, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo; the vice presidents of Seychelles, Ghana, and Burundi; the President of the National Assembly of Gabon; and the Chairperson of the African Union Commission.[4] Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and Commerce Minister Chen Deming led a delegation to attend the meeting.[5][6][7]

2009, Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt

The FOCAC Summit and the third ministerial conference were held in Beijing from November 3 to 5, 2006. Hu Jintao, President of China, and heads of state or heads of government from 35 African countries attended this Summit.[2] President Hu rolled out $5 billion worth of concessionary loans to Africa during the summit. As one of the "Eight Measures" for Sino-African relations President Hu announced the creation of the China-Africa Development Fund to further Chinese investment in Africa with US$1 billion of initial funding with its fund expected to grow to US$5 billion in the future.[3]

2006, Beijing

The second ministerial conference was held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 15 to 16 December 2003. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, six African presidents, three vice presidents, two other prime ministers, and one president of the senate as well as President Alpha Oumar Konare of the Commission of African Union and the representative of the UN Secretary General attended the opening ceremony and delivered speeches. More than 70 ministers from China and 44 African countries attended the conference. The Conference passed the Addis Ababa Action Plan (2004–2006).

2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

. Programme for China–Africa Cooperation in Economic and Social Development and the Beijing Declaration of the Forum on China–Africa Cooperation The conference passed the [1]

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