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Flemish painting

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Title: Flemish painting  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, 1638 in art, Tournai, Annunciation to the shepherds, Marc van Duvenede
Collection: Baroque Painting, County of Flanders, Flemish Art, Flemish Painters, Renaissance Paintings
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flemish painting

Flemish painting flourished from the early 15th century until the 17th century. Flanders delivered the leading painters in Northern Europe and attracted many promising young painters from neighbouring countries. These painters were invited to work at foreign courts and had a Europe-wide influence. Since the end of the Napoleonic era, Flemish painters had again been contributing to a reputation that had been set by the Old Masters.[1]


  • Late Gothic 1
  • Renaissance 2
  • Baroque 3
  • Decline 4
  • Revival 5
  • Modern Flemish painting 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

Late Gothic

The so-called Flemish Primitives were the first to popularize the use of oil paint. Their art has its origins in the miniature painting of the late Gothic period. Chief among them were Jan van Eyck, Hans Memling, Hugo van der Goes, Robert Campin and Rogier van der Weyden.


From the early 16th century, the Italian Renaissance started to influence the Flemish painters. The result was very different from the typical Italian Renaissance painting. The leading artist was Pieter Brueghel the Elder, who avoided direct Italian influence, unlike the Northern Mannerists.


After the Siege of Antwerp (1584-1585), the Southern Provinces of the Netherlands ("Flanders") remained under Spanish rule and were separated from the independent Dutch Republic. Although many artists fled the religious wars and moved from the Southern Netherlands to the Dutch Republic (see Dutch Golden Age painting), Flemish Baroque painting flourished, especially in the Antwerp school, during the seventeenth century under Rubens, Anthony van Dyck, and Jacob Jordaens.


Following the deaths of major artists like Rubens in 1640 and the end of the Eighty Years War in 1648, the cultural significance of Flanders declined.


A revival of painting in this region came in the advent of the Belgian Revolution of 1830 and work around that time is often considered Flemish.[2] The painters, who flourished in the aftermath of this patriotic period, are usually referred to as Belgian rather than Flemish. That kingdom comprising Flanders, often influences also more recent artists's categorization (see List of Belgian painters).

Modern Flemish painting

Although Alfred Kubin, Wols, Felix Nussbaum, and other expressionist and surrealist painters of the 20th century.[3]

Of the expressionist (i.e. the second) 'Group of Latem', Permeke is generally best known, and for more than four years his face was most prominent on the last banknote of 1,000 Belgian francs — as a 20 Euro bill took over its role.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Belgian painting". South African Encyclopedia (SAE). (TM)MyFundi, South-Africa. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Guide de visite : Episode des journées de septembre 1830 sur la place de l'Hôtel de Ville de Bruxelles". Musée d'Art Ancien (Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique) — Peinture flamande - Ecoles du Nord — XIXème siècle en Belgique (in French). Insecula Society, Thailand. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  3. ^ Becks-Malorny, Ulrike (2000). Ensor. Taschen GmbH, Cologne, Germany. p. 92.  
  4. ^ Timmer-van Eunen, Marie (2007). "Men voelt het of men voelt het niet — De kunstkritiek van Jan Engelman" (PDF) (in Dutch).  

Further reading

  • Dutch and Flemish paintings from the Hermitage. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1988.  
  • Van Beselaere, Walther (introduction: Teirlinck, Herman) (1961). Moderne Vlaamse schilderkunst van 1850 tot 1950 van Leys tot Permeke (in Dutch). De Arcade, Brussel. 
  • Liedtke , Walter A. (1984). Flemish paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.  

External links

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