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Flanginian School

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Flanginian School

Flanginian School
Φλαγγίνειος Σχολή
Established 1664/5
Closed 1905
Type Secondary male school
Founder Thomas Flanginis
Location Venice, Republic of Venice (now Italy)

Flanginian school (left) and San Giorgio dei Greci (center)

The Flanginian School (Greek: Φλαγγίνειος Σχολή, Italian: Collegio Flanginiano) was a Greek educational institution that operated in Venice, Italy, from 1664-1665 to 1905.[1][2] The Flanginian produced several teachers that contributed to the modern Greek Enlightenment of the 17th and 18th centuries.[3]

Background

The Greek community in Venice, dating from the Byzantine era, had become the largest foreign community in the city during the end of the 16th century, numbering between 4,000 and 5,000, mostly concentrated in the Castello district (sestiere).[4] Moreover, it was one of the economically strongest Greek communities of that time outside the Ottoman Empire.[5]

History

At 1626 a wealthy Greek merchant that lived in Venice, Thomas Flanginis, offered to the community a large sum of money for the foundation of a new school.[6] The project for the construction of the school was entrusted to the famous Venetian architect Baldassare Longhena.[7] Finally, the Flanginian school, named after its sponsor, started to function at 1664 and its students came from various Greek-populated regions.[7]

The teaching staff included famous Greek scholars and representatives of the modern Greek enlightenment, like Theophilos Korydaleus,[8] Eugenios Voulgaris,[9] Ioannis Chalkeus[10] and Ioannis Patoussas.[11] The curriculum included advanced philosophy, rhetorics, philology and logic. The Flanginian produced a total of 550 graduates during the 214 years of its existence (1665–1797 and 1823–1905).[1] Its graduates had the opportunity to continue their studies at Padua University, in order to obtain a doctor's degree.[12] The school began to decline after the dissolution of the Venetian Republic (1797), and finally closed down in 1905.[1][7]

Literature

The school is perhaps best remembered for an anthology of prose and poetry entitled Flowers of Piety (Greek: Άνθη Ευλαβείας, 1708), which was composed by the students of the school, made up of epigrams, both in ancient Greek and Latin, Sapphic odes, Italian sonnets, and, most significantly, prose and verse compositions in (Demotic) modern Greek. As such it offers the first surviving demotic poetry following the termination of the Cretan Renaissance.[3] Additional works composed by the staff of the Flanginian were: "Greece’s Homage to the Venetian Senate", as well as a literary encyclopedia by Ioannis Patousas composed in four volumes, which was a valuable resource for Greek schools operating in the Ottoman Empire.[7]

Location

The school was located in the Campo dei Greci, near the Greek Orthodox church of [12] Today the building of the Flanginian School houses the Hellenic Institute of Byzantine and post-Byzantine Studies in Venice.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Οι Έλληνες της Διασποράς 15ος-20ος Αιώνας (in Greek). Greek Parliament. 2006. p. 47.  
  2. ^ Israel, Jonathan Irvine (2006). Enlightenment contested: philosophy, modernity, and the emancipation of man, 1670-1752. Oxford University Press. p. 318.  
  3. ^ a b Dicks, Brian (1977). Corfu. David and Charles. p. 76. 
  4. ^ Fusaro, Maria. "Coping with transition. Greek merchants and ship owners between Venice and England in the sixteenth century" (PDF).  
  5. ^ a b Greece: Books and Writers. Ministry of Culture — National Book Centre of Greece. 2001. p. 54.  
  6. ^ Runciman, Steven (1986). The Great Church in captivity: a study of the Patriarchate of Constantinople from the eve of the Turkish conquest to the Greek War of Independence. Cambridge University Press. p. 212.  
  7. ^ a b c d "The Flanghinis College". The Hellenic Institute of Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Studies in Venice. Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  8. ^ Runciman, Steven (1989). Modern Greek studies yearbook. University of Minnesota. p. 329. 
  9. ^ Alan, Graham; Rogers, John (1994). Locke's philosophy: content and context.  
  10. ^ Peyfuss, Max Demeter (1989). Die Druckerei von Moschopolis, 1731-1769: Buchdruck und Heiligenverehrung im Erzbistum Achrida. Böhlau. p. 81.  
  11. ^ Balkan studies: biannual publication of the Institute for Balkan Studies. Balkan studies: biannual publication of the Institute for Balkan Studies, Vol. 13-14. 1972. p. 274. 
  12. ^ a b Manousakas, M. I.; Paliouras, Ath. (1976). Guide to the Museum of Icons and the Church of St. George. The Hellenic Institute of Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Studies in Venice. pp. 18, 21. 

External links

  • "Hellenic Institute of Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Studies in Venice" (ΗΤΜ). Retrieved 2010-09-11. 

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