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Euarchontoglires

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Title: Euarchontoglires  
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Subject: Murinae, Rodent, Treeshrew, Lagomorpha, Epitheria
Collection: Chordate Superorders, Mammal Taxonomy, Paleocene First Appearances
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Euarchontoglires

Euarchontoglires
Temporal range: Paleocene - Holocene, 65–0 Ma
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Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Magnorder: Boreoeutheria
Superorder: Euarchontoglires
Murphy et al., 2001
Orders

Euarchontoglires (synonymous with Supraprimates) is a clade and a superorder of mammals, the living members of which belong to one of the five following groups: rodents, lagomorphs, treeshrews, colugos and primates (including humans).

Contents

  • Evolutionary relationships 1
  • Organization 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4

Evolutionary relationships

The Euarchontoglires clade is based on DNA sequence analyses and retrotransposon markers, combining the Glires clade, which consists of Rodentia and Lagomorpha, with that of Euarchonta, a clade consisting of Scandentia, Primates and Dermoptera. So far, few if any anatomical features supporting Euarchontoglires have been recognized, but neither is there strong evidence from anatomy to support alternative hypotheses.

Euarchontoglires is now recognized as one of the four major clades within the clade Eutheria, containing placentalia (placental mammals),[1] and it is usually discussed without a taxonomic rank but has been assigned those of cohort or magnorder and superorder. Relations between the four cohorts (Euarchontoglires, Xenarthra, Laurasiatheria, and Afrotheria) and the identity of the placental root, remain somewhat controversial.[2]

Euarchontoglires probably split from the Laurasiatheria sister group about 85 to 95 million years ago, during the Cretaceous, developing in the Laurasian island group that would later become Europe. This hypothesis is supported by molecular evidence; so far, the earliest known fossils date to the early Paleocene.[3] The clade of Euarchontoglires and Laurasiatheria is recognized as Boreoeutheria. Both Euarchontoglires and diprotodont marsupials are documented to possess a vermiform appendix, although this evolved as a result of convergent evolution.[4]

Organization

The hypothesized relationship among the Euarchontoglires is as follows:

Euarchontoglires
Gliriformes

Anagaloidea?


Arctostylopida[5]

Glires

Rodentia (rodents)


Lagomorpha (rabbits, hares, pikas)



Euarchonta

Scandentia (treeshrews)

Primatomorpha

Dermoptera (colugos)



Primates


Plesiadapiformes





One study based on DNA analysis suggests that Scandentia and Primates are sister clades, but did not discuss the position of Dermoptera.[6]

References

  1. ^ Murphy, William J.; Eizirik, Eduardo; O'Brien, Stephen J.; Madsen, Ole; Scally, Mark; Douady, Christophe J.; Teeling, Emma; Ryder, Oliver A.; Stanhope, Michael J.; de Jong, Wilfried W.; Springer, Mark S. (2001). "Resolution of the Early Placental Mammal Radiation Using Bayesian Phylogenetics".  
  2. ^ Asher, RJ; Bennett, N; Lehmann, T (2009). "The new framework for understanding placental mammal evolution". BioEssays 31 (8): 853–864.  
  3. ^ O'Leary, M. A.; Bloch, J. I.; Flynn, J. J.; Gaudin, T. J.; Giallombardo, A.; Giannini, N. P.; Cirranello, A. L. (2013). "The placental mammal ancestor and the post–K-Pg radiation of placentals". Science 339 (6120): 662–667.  
  4. ^ Smith, H. F.; Fisher, R. E.; Everett, M. L.; Thomas, A. D.; Randal Bollinger, R.; Parker, W. (October 2009). "Comparative anatomy and phylogenetic distribution of the mammalian cecal appendix".  
  5. ^ Missiaen P, Smith T, Guo DY, Bloch JI, Gingerich PD (2006). "Asian gliriform origin for arctostylopid mammals.". Naturwissenschaften 93 (8): 407–411.  
  6. ^ Song S, Liu L, Edwards SV, Wu S (2012) Resolving conflict in eutherian mammal phylogeny using phylogenomics and the multispecies coalescent model. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA

Further reading

  • Churakov, G.; Kriegs, J. O.; Baertsch, R.; Zemann, A.; Brosius, J. R.; Schmitz, J. R. (2009). "Mosaic retroposon insertion patterns in placental mammals".  
  • Goloboff, Pablo A.; Catalano, Santiago A.; Mirande, J. Marcos; Szumik, Claudia A.; Arias, J. Salvador; Källersjö, Mari; Farris, James S. (2009). "Phylogenetic analysis of 73 060 taxa corroborates major eukaryotic groups".  
  • Nikolaev, Sergey; Montoya-Burgos, Juan I.; Margulies, Elliott H.; NISC Comparative Sequencing Program; Rougemont, Jacques; Nyffeler, Bruno; Antonarakis, Stylianos E. (2007). "Early History of Mammals is Elucidated with the ENCODE Multiple Species Sequencing Data".  
  • Springer, Mark S.; Murphy, William J.; Eizirik, Eduardo; O'Brien, Stephen J. (2003). "Placental mammal diversification and the Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary".  
  • Waddell, Peter J.; Kishino, Hirohisa; Ota, Rissa (2001). "A phylogenetic foundation for comparative mammalian genomics".  
  • Wildman, Derek E.; Chen, Caoyi; Erez, Offer; Grossman, Lawrence I.; Goodman, Morris; Romero, Roberto (2006). "Evolution of the mammalian placenta revealed by phylogenetic analysis".  
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