World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Environmental issues in Turkey

Article Id: WHEBN0004305819
Reproduction Date:

Title: Environmental issues in Turkey  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Environmental issues in Azerbaijan, Climate change in Europe, Environmental issues in Europe, Environmental issues in Turkmenistan, International rankings of Turkey
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Environmental issues in Turkey

The main environmental issues in Turkey are the conservation of biodiversity, water pollution from the dumping of chemicals and detergents, air pollution, greenhouse gases and land degradation


Conservation of Biodiversity

"Turkey has a remarkable diversity of wildlife, due to its wide variety of habitats and unique position between three continents and three seas. Ill-considered development projects are threatening biodiversity, but a new wildlife corridor offers hope for further conservation progress." [1] Turkish montane forests face major threats to their genetic diversity associated with over-exploitation, forest fragmentation, air pollution and global climatic change.[2]

Air Pollution

[6] Greenpeace Mediterranean claim that that the Afşin-Elbistan coal-fired plant is the power plant with the highest health risk in Europe, followed by the Soma coal-fired power plant, also from Turkey. [7] [8]

Climate Change

Summer temperatures have increased and are expected to continue to increase. [9] Proposed new coal fired power plants would increase Turkey's CO
emissions.[10] Turkey is working towards joining the European Union Emission Trading Scheme. [11]



Turkey's most pressing needs are for water treatment plants, wastewater treatment facilities and solid waste management. There is a potential for spills from the 5,000 oil- and gas-carrying ships that pass through the Bosporus annually.


Turkey does not have sufficient water. [12] Almost three quarters of water consumed is used for agriculture. [13]

Land degradation

Land degradation is a critical agricultural problem, caused by inappropriate use of agricultural land, overgrazing, over-fertilization,.[14] Serious soil erosion has occurred in 69% of Turkey’s land surface. According to one estimate, Turkey loses 1 billion tons of topsoil annually.

Green space in cities

Former military land in cities may be rezoned for housing. [15]


Environmental issues are becoming more politically sensitive. [16]

In general, private firms have responded more fully to environmental regulation than state owned enterprises , which still constitute a large percentage of Turkey’s economy.

Changes in the law on environmental impact assessments are being considered which will permit mining investments without waiting for environmental impact assessments. [17]

The EU has asked for "a stronger political commitment".[18]

See also

External links

  • Biodiversity in Turkey
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • "Çevre Kuruluşları Dayanışma Derneği" environmental organization


  1. ^ "Current Biology - Turkey's biodiversity at the crossroads". Retrieved 2013-06-07. 
  3. ^ "GREEN - Air pollution ‘gravest environmental issue’". Retrieved 2013-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Elemental characterization of PM2.5 and PM1 in dense traffic area in Istanbul, Turkey". 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Turkey air pollution country fact sheet". 
  7. ^ "Greenpeace warns about threat of Turkey's coal-fired power plants". Today's Zaman. 
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Climate change Turkey". 
  10. ^ "E.On looks to build new brown coal in Turkey". 
  11. ^ "Turkey – Market Readiness Proposal – (03.05.13)". 
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Assesment of Irrigation Water Quality of Some Provinces of Turkey". 
  15. ^
  16. ^ "Riot police break up ODTÜ protest in Ankara". Doğan News Agency. 
  17. ^ 
  19. ^ "The fight to protect Turkey's green spaces began decades ago". Guardian. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Library of Congress Country Studies.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.