Elections in Czech Republic

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Elections in the Czech Republic gives information on election and election results in the Czech Republic.

The Czech Republic elects on national level a legislature. The Parliament (Parlament České republiky) has two chambers. The Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) has 200 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation with a 5% election threshold. The Senate (Senát) has 81 members, in single-seat constituencies elected by two-round runoff voting for a six-year term, with one third renewed every even year in the autumn. The President of the Czech Republic was indirectly elected for five-year terms until 2012; beginning with the 2013 election, direct elections with run-off rounds will be held.[1]

There are municipal elections every four years since 1990 and regional elections every four years starting in 2000; in the autumn.

The Czech Republic has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and another party or coalition that is electorally successful.

Latest Chamber of Deputies election

e • d Summary of the 25-26 October 2013 Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Ideology Votes +/− % +/− Seats +/−
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy 1,016,829 −138,438 20.45 −1.63 50 −6
ANO 2011 Liberalism 927,240 New 18.65 New 47 New
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism 741,044 +151,279 14.91 +3.64 33 +7
TOP 09 Conservatism 596,357 -277,476 11.99 -4.71 26 -15
Civic Democratic Party Liberal conservatism 384,174 -673,618 7.72 -12,50 16 -37
Dawn of Direct Democracy Direct democracy 342,339 New 6.88 New 14 New
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party Christian democracy 336,970 +107,253 6.78 +2.39 14 +14
Green Party Green liberalism 159,025 +31,194 3.19 +0.75 0
Czech Pirate Party Pirate politics 132,417 +90,094 2,66 +1,86 0
Party of Free Citizens Libertarianism 122,564 +83,667 2.46 +1.74 0
Registered voters/turnout 8,424,227 59.48 –3.12
*       Liberal Forum, which contested the 2008 election and received 102,249 votes and 2.09% of the vote, supported NEOS in the 2013 election and had members on its lists.
Source: Austrian Interior Ministry
e • d Summary of the 2-3 June, 2006 Czech Chamber of Deputies election results
Parties and coalitions Ideology Votes % Seats Change
Civic Democratic Party Liberal conservatism 1,892,475 35.38 81 +23
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy 1,728,827 32.32 74 +4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism 685,328 12.81 26 -15
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party Christian democracy 386,706 7.23 13 -9
Green Party Green liberalism 336,487 6.29 6 +6
SNK European Democrats Liberal conservatism 111,724 2.09 0
Others 207,429 3.88 0 -91
Total (turnout 64.47%) 5,348,976 100.00 200
1 Due to the Freedom Union–Democratic Union losing its nine seats.
Source: Czech Statistical Office

Latest Senate election

e • d Senate of the Czech Republic composition after the 2008 election and 2007 by-election in 2 constituencies
Party Seats
Civic Democratic Party 35
Czech Social Democratic Party 29
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party includes 1 elected in 2002 as an independent candidate 7
Caucus SNK (Senátorský klub SNK) comprises 6 senators elected for
SNK European Democrats 1
Independents Movement (Hnutí NEZÁVISLÍ) 1*
Independent Mayors for Region (Nezávislí starostové pro kraj) 1*
Caucus of Open Democracy (Klub otevřené demokracie) comprises 7 senators elected for
Freedom Union–Democratic Union 1*
Green Party 1*
Party for the Open Society in 2006 1*
United Democrats - Union of Independents (Spojení demokraté - Sdružení nezávislých) 1*
Non aligned
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia in 2002, 2004 and 2007 3
Total 81
Source: Senate

The electoral party (the party on whose label the senator ran) can be volatile, especially with senators elected for tiny parties, so caucuses are more relevant.

  • For senators from tiny electoral parties who are not their formal members

Past elections and referendums

  • See below

European elections

Czechoslovakia-era elections

  • See below


The Constitution of the Czech Republic mentions referendum only in context of "referendum concerning the accession of the Czech Republic to the European Union"[2] There are no other provisions concerning referendums. Therefore, the only referendum ever held in the Czech Republic was Czech European Union membership referendum in 2003. The Government of the Czech Republic approved a referendum bill in 2005[3], but it was never passed by the parliament.

See also


External links

  • Official election website
  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • NSD: European Election Database - Czech Republic publishes regional level election data; allows for comparisons of election results, 1990-2010

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