World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant

Article Id: WHEBN0026984587
Reproduction Date:

Title: Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of power stations in Iran, Energy in Iran, Nuclear facilities in Iran, IR-40, Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant

Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant
Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant is located in Iran
Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant
Country Iran
Location Darkhovin
Coordinates
Construction began 2008
Owner(s) Nuclear Power Production & Development Co. of Iran
Operator(s) Nuclear Power Production & Development Co. of Iran
Power generation
Units under const. 1 x 360 MW
Units planned 1 x 360 MW

The Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant (also known as Estehlal Nuclear Power Plant) is a planned nuclear power plant located about 70 kilometers south of Ahvaz, Iran at the Karun river. One reactor is firmly planned. Some other projects on this site were cancelled.

History

Before the Iranian Revolution, Iran had signed a 2 billion dollar contract with French company Framatome to build two 910 MW pressurized water reactors, at Darkhovin. After the Revolution, France withdrew from the project and the engineering components of the plant were withheld in France. The Iranian components were then used to build the units 5 and 6 of Gravelines Nuclear Power Station in France which went online in 1985.[1] Construction of the power station was halted during Iran-Iraq war. In 1992, Iran signed an agreement with China to build two 300 MW reactors at the site, which were to be completed within ten years and would have been similar to Chashma Nuclear Power Complex in Pakistan which is built by China.[2] But later on China withdrew from the project under United States pressure.[3][4]

The project was subsequently taken up by Iran itself, as no other country was ready to cooperate in its construction.[5] Iran started to indigenously design the reactor for Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant basing the design on IR-40 reactor using heavy water. The Iranian nuclear reactor design has a capacity of 360 MW. The plant was announced in 2008, originally scheduled to come online in 2016,[6] but construction has been delayed. [7] There is currently no public information on how many reactors the power station is planned to house. The plant is going to be Iran's first indigenously designed and built nuclear power plant besides the research reactor of IR-40.[8][9][10]

In fiction

In 1976 novel of Paul Erdman, Crash of '79, Darkhovin Nuclear Power Plant is mentioned to have been completed by France and Mohammed Reza Pahlavi the then Shah of Iran uses the plant with the help from Israel and Switzerland to manufacture a dozen salted bombs. Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, who is fictionalized to be a psychotic, then uses the bombs and attempts to make an empire, albeit unsuccessfully as United States Air Force bombs his command compound, killing him in the process. Strangely he predicted the end of Pahlavi dynasty exactly in 1979 but contrary to his depiction it was as a result of Iranian Revolution.

Reactor data

Plans for the site are not clear

Reactor unit[11] Reactor type Net
capacity
Gross
capacity
Construction started
Electricity
Grid
Commercial
Operation
Shutdown
Darkhovin [12] Pressurized Water Reactor 330 MW 360 MW 2008 [13] - - -
Estehlal-1 [14] Pressurized Water Reactor 280 MW 300 MW Cancelled Plan
Estehlel-2 [15] Pressurized Water Reactor 280 MW 300 MW Cancelled Plan

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.world-nuclear.org/info/inf119_nucleariran.html
  2. ^ http://www.iran-e-sabz.org/news/nuc1b.htm
  3. ^ http://meria.idc.ac.il/journal/1998/issue2/jv2n2a7.html
  4. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/esfahan-nuke.htm
  5. ^ http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=162343
  6. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSL0812863720080208
  7. ^ Darkhovain on the PRIS of the IAEA
  8. ^ http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/352355/iran_press_official_provides_details_on_native_iranian_nuclear_plant/
  9. ^ http://www.iranwatch.org/wmd/wmd-nukemilestones.htm
  10. ^ http://www.ahwazstudies.org/content/view/2852/53/lang,english/
  11. ^ Power Reactor Information System from the IAEA: „Iran, Islamic Republic of: Nuclear Power Reactors“
  12. ^ Darkhovain on the PRIS of the IAEA
  13. ^ Iran starts second atomic power plant: report, Reuters, Feb 8, 2008.
  14. ^ Estehlal 1 on the PRIS of the IAEA
  15. ^ Estehlalr 2 on the PRIS of the IAEA

External links

  • Documentary: Nuclear confrontation with Iran
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.