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Crimean Mountains

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Title: Crimean Mountains  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of Ukraine, History of Crimea, Ukraine, Ai-Petri, East European Plain
Collection: Crimean Mountains, Geography of Crimea, Landforms of Crimea, Mountain Ranges of Russia, Mountain Ranges of Ukraine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Crimean Mountains

The Crimean Mountains (Ukrainian: Кримські Гори, translit. Krymski Hory; Russian: Крымские Горы, translit. Krymskie Gory; Crimean Tatar: Qırım dağları) is a range of mountains running parallel to the south-east coast of Crimea, between about 8-13 kilometer (5–8 miles) from the sea. Toward the west, the mountains drop steeply to the Black Sea, and to the east, they change slowly into a steppe landscape.

The Crimean Mountains consist of three subranges. The highest is the Main range. The Main range is subdivided into several massives, known as yaylas or mountain plateaus (Yayla is Crimean Tatar for "Alpine Meadow"). They are:

  • Baydar Yayla
  • Ay-Petri Yayla
  • Yalta Yayla
  • Nikita Yayla
  • Hurzuf Yayla
  • Babugan Yayla
  • Chatyr-Dag Yayla
  • Dologorukovskaya (Subatkan) Yayla
  • Demirji Yayla
  • Karabi Yayla


  • Highest Peaks 1
  • Passes and Rivers 2
  • History 3
  • Gallery 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Highest Peaks

The Crimea's highest peak is the Roman-Kosh (Ukrainian: Роман-Кош; Russian: Роман-Кош, Crimean Tatar: Roman Qoş) on the Babugan Yayla at 1,545 metres (5,069 ft). Other important peaks over 1,200 metres include:

Passes and Rivers

The most important passes over the Crimean Mountains are:

Rivers of the Crimean Mountains include the Alma River, Chernaya River, and Salhir River on the northern slope and Uchan-su River on the southern slope which forms the Uchan-su waterfall, a popular tourist attraction and highest waterfall in Ukraine.


Archaeologists have found the earliest anatomically modern humans in Europe in the Crimean mountains' Buran-Kaya caves. The fossils are 32,000 years old, with the artifacts linked to the Gravettian culture. The fossils have cut marks suggesting a post-mortem defleshing ritual.[1][2]


See also


  1. ^ Prat, Sandrine; Péan, Stéphane C.; Crépin, Laurent; Drucker, Dorothée G.; Puaud, Simon J.; Valladas, Hélène; Lázničková-Galetová, Martina; van der Plicht, Johannes et al. (17 June 2011). "The Oldest Anatomically Modern Humans from Far Southeast Europe: Direct Dating, Culture and Behavior". plosone. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Carpenter, Jennifer (20 June 2011). "Early human fossils unearthed in Ukraine".  

External links

  • Crimean mountains - view on all parts of mountains of Crimea
  • Mountains of Crimea - Great collection of Crimean mountains from private mountain guide Sergey Sorokin

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