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Coolus helmet

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Title: Coolus helmet  
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Subject: Imperial helmet, Mithraic mysteries, M1C helmet, Danish M1923 helmet, Zuckerman helmet
Collection: Ancient Roman Helmets
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Coolus helmet

Development of the
legionary helmet or galea
Bronze Gallic helmet, Coolus-Manheim-type; From the region of Tongeren, Belgium; Now in the Musée du Cinquantenaire, Brussels.

The Coolus helmet was a type of ancient Celtic and Roman helmet. It was produced from brass and, like the Montefortino type with which it co-existed, was a descendent of Celtic helmet types.

It was fairly plain, except for some ridges or raised panels on the cheekpieces. It was globular or hemispherical in shape (some were spun on a lathe rather than hammered to shape) with a turned or cast soldered- or riveted-on crest knob.

The Coolus was replaced by the Imperial helmet type, a more developed form also derived from a Celtic original.


  • Legio II Augusta
  • Legio XXIV

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