World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Commemoration (prayer)

Article Id: WHEBN0002384409
Reproduction Date:

Title: Commemoration (prayer)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Catholic liturgy, History of the Roman Canon, Mass of the Catechumens, Oblation, Mea culpa
Collection: Catholic Liturgy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Commemoration (prayer)

In the Roman Rite, when a higher-ranked liturgical celebration impedes the celebration of a lesser one that, either permanently or (in a particular year) by coincidence, falls on the same day, the prayer of the lower-ranked celebration is usually added to that of the higher. This additional prayer is referred to as a commemoration of the lesser celebration.

Extraordinary Form

In the post-Tridentine usage, on Sundays lacking the commemoration of a feast of Double rank, or of an Octave, a second and a third prayer was added to that of the Sunday. These were called "seasonal" (in Latin, pro diversitate temporum) prayers, not "commemorations". For instance, from Advent to 2 February, the first of these additional prayers was in honour of Saint Mary and the other was either that "Against the persecutors of the Church" or that "For the Pope".

At Mass, commemorations were made by adding the Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion of the commemorated celebration after the ones for the higher-ranking celebration. If three or more commemorations were made, the conclusion ("Per Dominum..." or its variants) was omitted in all but the first and last. In the Office, commemorations were made only at Vespers and Lauds, using the Antiphon on the Magnificat or Benedictus, the Versicle and Response normally following the hymn, and the collect, all said after the collect of the current day. Also at Matins, the ninth Lesson was usually read of the commemorated day, except on Sundays and on certain high-ranking feasts.

In his 1960 Code of Rubrics Pope John XXIII limited the number of commemorations allowed to two.[1]

Ordinary Form

The 1970 Mass of Paul VI eliminated commemorations, laying down that only one prayer should be used, admitting some flexibility in the choice of the prayer. Commemorations still exist in the Office (Liturgy of the Hours): Memorials of saints celebrated in Lent, from 17–24 December, or in the Octave of Christmas (which are all Optional Memorials) can be commemorated in the Office of Readings by adding the hagiographic reading as a third reading, concluding with the memorial's collect. Likewise, in Lauds and Vespers, similar to the Extraordinary Form, the Benedictus or Magnificat antiphon of the memorial and the collect can be said after the collect of the day.[2]

References

  1. ^ http://www.officiumdivinum.org/general_rubrics.php
  2. ^ General Instruction to the Liturgy of the Hours, 237-239
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.