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Civil law (area)


Civil law (area)

Civil law in Continental law (civil law in broader sense) is a branch (body) of law which is the general part of private law.

The basis for civil law lies in a civil code. Before enacting of codes, civil law could not be distinguished from private law. After that some special areas of private law began to develop, such as commercial law (in the 17th century) and labour law (in the 19th century).

Civil law itself has the general part. It consists of capacity and status.


  • Comparison with common law 1
  • Special areas of private law which are not the parts of civil law 2
  • References 3
    • Czech civil law textbooks 3.1
    • Portugal 3.2
  • See also 4

Comparison with common law

Civil law corresponds of these areas of Common Law:

  1. Family
  2. Property
  3. Wills
  4. Contracts
  5. Torts

There are usually no trusts in the civil law.

Special areas of private law which are not the parts of civil law


Czech civil law textbooks

sorted chronologically

  1. Jan Krčmář: Obligace ze smluv a příbuzných skutečností. Scriptum. Všehrd, Praha 1919, 126 pp.
  2. Jan Krčmář: Obligace. Část zvláštní. Scriptum. Všehrd, Praha 1921, 2. ed., 126 pp.
  3. Jaromír Sedláček: Obligační právo II. Speciální ustanovení o jednotlivých typech smluvních. Československý akademický spolek Právník, Brno 1926, 195 pp.
  4. Jan Krčmář: Právo občanské III. Právo obligační. Všehrd, Praha 1929, 340 pp.
  5. Jan Krčmář: Právo občanské III. Právo obligační. Všehrd, Praha 1932, 2. ed., 364 pp.
  6. Viktor Knapp et al.: Učebnice občanského a rodinného práva II. Orbis, Praha 1954, 403 pp.
  7. Viktor Knapp, Karol Plank, Zdeněk Kratochvíl et al.: Učebnice československého občanského práva I - II. Orbis, Praha 1965, 1040 pp.
  8. Viktor Knapp, Štefan Luby: Československé občanské právo I - II. Orbis, Praha 1974, 2. ed., 1244 pp.
  9. Jiří Švestka et al.: Československé občanské právo. Scriptum. SPN, Praha 1979, 288 pp.
  10. Jiří Švestka et al.: Československé občanské právo I - II. Scriptum. UK, Praha 1982, 2. ed, 442 pp.
  11. Ján Lazar, Jiří Švestka et al.: Občanské právo hmotné I - II. Panorama, Praha 1987, 808 pp.
  12. Josef Fiala et al.: Občanské právo 1. Doplněk, Brno s. d. [1994], 2. ed., 394 pp.
  13. Viktor Knapp, Ludvík Kopáč, Jiří Mikeš, Jiří Švestka et al.: Občanské právo hmotné I - II. Codex, Praha 1995, 803 pp.


  • ALVES, José Carlos Moreira A Parte Geral do Projeto do Código Civil brasileiro – subsídios históricos para o novo Código Civil brasileiro São Paulo: Editora Saraiva, 2003
  • AMARAL, Francisco Direito Civil – Introdução Rio de Janeiro: Renovar, 2006
  • ASCENSÃO, José de Oliveira Introdução à ciência do Direito 3 ed Rio de Janeiro: Renovar, 2005
  • BITTAR, Carlos Alberto O Direito Civil na Constituição de 1988 São Paulo: RT, 1990
  • BOBBIO, Norberto Teoria do ordenamento jurícico Brasília: Editora Universidade de Brasília
  • Brasil (Leis etc.) Código Civil Elaboração Antônio Luiz de Toledo Pinto, 2 ed São Paulo: Saraiva, 2006
  • CORDEIRO, António Manuel da Rocha e Menezes Tratado de Direito Civil Coimbra: Almedina, 1997
  • Maria Helena Diniz - Curso de direito civil brasileiro 15 ed São Paulo: Saraiva, 1999
  • EVANGELISTA, Marco Direito Civil sem estresse! Ed Scortecci, São Paulo, 2006
  • Lei de introdução ao Código Civil brasileiro interpretada São Paulo: Saraiva, 2000
  • GOMES, Orlando Raízes históricas e sociológicas do Código Civil brasileiro São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2003
  • GONÇALVES, Carlos Roberto Direito Civil brasileiro: Parte Geral, v 1 São Paulo: Saraiva, 2003
  • GOZZO, Débora; ALVES, José Carlos Moreira; REALE, Miguel (Coord) Principais controvérsias no novo Código Civil São Paulo: Saraiva, 2006
  • FARIAS, Cristiano Chaves de Direito Civil – Teoria Geral 2 ed Rio de Janeiro: 2005
  • SCHAPP, Jan Metodologia do Direito Civil Trad Maria da Glória Lacerda Rurack e Klaus-Peter Rurack Porto Alegre: Sergio Antonio Fabris Editor, 2004
  • Miguel Reale - Lições preliminares de direito 24ª edição. São Paulo: Saraiva, 1998
  • VENOSA, Sílvio de Salvo Direito Civil - Parte Geral 6 ed São Paulo: Atlas, 2006
  • WALD, Arnoldo Direito Civil – Introdução e Parte Geral São Paulo: Sarvaiva, 2002

See also

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