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Churches Uniting in Christ

Churches Uniting in Christ
Motto Reconciling the baptized, seeking unity with justice
Founded January 20th, 2002
Type Religious
Focus Ecumenism, Mainline Christianity
  • North America
Origins Consultation on Church Union
Area served North America
Key people President Robina Winbush
Affiliations Partnered with National Council of Churches, World Council of Churches, Graymoor Ecumenical & Interreligious Institute, and Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference
Website .orgchurchesunitinginchrist
Formerly called Consultation on Church Union

Churches Uniting in Christ (CUIC) is an ecumenical organization that brings together ten Consultation on Church Union.


  • History 1
    • Origins 1.1
    • Inauguration 1.2
    • Task Forces 1.3
    • Mutual Recognition and Mutual Reconciliation of Ministries (MRMRM) 1.4
    • Moravian Church (Northern Province) 1.5
    • Suspension of Activities 1.6
    • Reconciliation Efforts 1.7
  • Purpose 2
    • Racism 2.1
    • Marks of Commitment 2.2
  • Membership 3
    • Full Members 3.1
    • Partners in mission and dialogue 3.2
    • Former members 3.3
  • Leadership 4
    • Presidents 4.1
    • Directors 4.2
  • Networking Partners 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8



CUIC is the successor organization to the Consultation on Church Union (COCU), which had been founded in 1962. The original task of COCU was to negotiate a consensus[2] between its nine (originally four) member communions (it also included three "advisory participant" churches).[3] However, it never succeeded in this goal, despite making progress on several ecumenical fronts.[4] At COCU's 18th plenary meeting in St. Louis, Missouri (January 1999), CUIC was proposed as a new relationship among the nine member communions.[5] Each member communion voted to join CUIC over the next few years.


Heads of communion from each member of COCU (as well as the ELCA, a partner in mission and dialogue) inaugurated the group on the day before Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in 2002 at the motel where he was killed.[6] This particular location highlighted the group's focus on racism as a major dividing factor between and among churches.

Task Forces

The Coordinating Council of CUIC created three task forces: Ministry, Racial Justice, and Local and Regional Ecumenism. Each task force represented an important part of early CUIC work.[7] Local ecumenical liturgies were encouraged, and excitement initially built around "pilot programs" in Denver, Los Angeles, and Memphis. The Racial Justice task force created gatherings and discussions on racial justice. The Ministry task force received much of the attention from church structures, however. The group had been given a mandate to complete work on reconciliation by 2007, and in 2003 began working on a document entitled "Mutual Recognition and Mutual Reconciliation of Ministries."[8][9]

Mutual Recognition and Mutual Reconciliation of Ministries (MRMRM)

One of the most difficult issues concerning recognition and reconciliation of ministries was that of the historic episcopate. This was one of the issues that defeated proposals for union by COCU as well. The group approached this problem through dialogue, soliciting information from each member communion on the particularities of their theology and ecclesiology in order to come to a mutually acceptable conclusion.

CUIC released the seventh and final draft of the MRMRM document in June 2005.[10] Much work was done in 2006 on this document, which focused on "Episkope," the oversight of ministry. The work culminated in a consultation on episkope in St. Louis in October 2006 involving the heads of communion of the members of CUIC. At this consultation, the MRMRM document was met with resistance, and concern was raised in particular that CUIC was focusing too narrowly on reconciliation of ministries and "not taking seriously our commitment to working on those issues of systemic racism that remain at the heart of our continuing and separated life as churches here in the United States."[11]

Moravian Church (Northern Province)

The nine churches which inaugurated CUIC in 2002 were joined by the Moravian Church, Northern Province.[12] The Moravians had been partners in mission and dialogue since 2002, but joined as a member communion after the October 2006 consultation on Episkope.

Suspension of Activities

In 2007, the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and the African Methodist Episcopal Church withdrew from CUIC.[13] Neither body sent representatives to the CUIC plenary on January 11–14, 2008, though the AME Council of Bishops never voted to suspend membership officially.[14] They felt the other churches were not doing enough to counter the history of racial injustice between black and white churches. In response to this, the remaining churches in CUIC decided in 2008 to suspend their work while they seek reconciliation with these churches.[15] This work began with a group of representatives who revisited the 1999 document "Call to Christian Commitment and Action to Combat Racism," which is available on the current CUIC website.[16] This also meant eliminating the position of Director as well as the suspension of the work of the CUIC task forces.[17] As of 2012, CUIC no longer has physical offices, opting instead for a virtual office and storing the archives of both CUIC and COCU at Princeton Seminary's Henry Luce III Library.[18]

Reconciliation Efforts


  • Churches Uniting in Christ homepage
  • Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference
  • Graymoor Ecumenical and Interreligious Institute
  • Michael Kinnamon, "Ecumenical Invitation: the Next Step for 'Churches Uniting,' Christian Century, May 10, 2000
  • Eugene Carson Blake, "A Proposal Toward the Reunion of Christ's Church," December 4, 1960

External links

  1. ^ Baird, Woody (26 January 2002), "Churches Unite to Fight Racism", Lakeland Ledger: D5, retrieved 14 August 2012 
  2. ^ While the term "merger" is widely used to describe the set of COCU proposals, it was rejected in general because of its relation to corporate culture. Moede, Gerald (1985), The COCU Consensus, Baltimore, MD: The Consultation on Church Union, p. vii 
  3. ^ Churches in Covenant Communion, Princeton, NJ: The Consultation on Church Union, 1989 
  4. ^ Moede, Gerald (1985), The COCU Consensus, Baltimore, MD: The Consultation on Church Union, p. 1 
  5. ^ Signs of Hope - Promise of Change, Cincinnati, OH: Forward Movement Publications, 2002 
  6. ^ "ELCA Presiding Bishop Joins CUIC Leaders in MLK Statement". ELCA NEWS SERVICE. 10 January 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Solheim, Hames (November 18, 2003). "'"Churches Uniting in Christ 'finding momentum. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  8. ^ "Recommendation to the churches for a new relationship, Churches Uniting in Christ". Mid-Stream 39 (1-2): xiii. January 2000.  
  9. ^ Lampman, Jane (3 January 2002). "In largest unity movement ever, churches blur denominational lines". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  10. ^ Rosner, Patrice (December 2006). "A Deepening Dialogue". Call to Unity (7): 1–2. 
  11. ^ Welsh, Robert (November 2006). "CUIC and the Dance of Ecumenism". Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  12. ^ Welsh, Robert (November 2006). "CUIC and the Dance of Ecumenism". Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  13. ^ "Ecumenical Group Limps as Two Churches Cut Ties". The Christian Century. 1 July 2008. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  14. ^ Webb, Suzanne (2008). "Letter from the President of CUIC". United Methodist News Service. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  15. ^ Bloom, Linda (18 January 2008). "Churches Uniting in Christ Seeks Reconciliation". United Methodist News Service. Retrieved 15 August 2012. 
  16. ^
  17. ^ Webb, Suzanne (2008). "Letter from the President of CUIC". United Methodist News Service. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ Bowman Woods, Rebecca (28 January 2011). "Churches Uniting in Christ takes a major step forward". Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  20. ^ Becker, Alex. "CUIC Connects with the Samuel DeWitt Proctor Conference". Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  21. ^ Moede, Gerald (Jan 2000). "COCU 101". Mid-Stream: 76. 
  22. ^ Hagan, Janine (January 2007). """An Interview with the Rev. C Dana "Dan" Krutz. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Welsh, Robert (November 2006). "CUIC and the Dance of Ecumenism". Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  24. ^ Bowman Woods, Rebecca (21 January 2011). "Churches Uniting in Christ members recommit to ecumenical tasks". Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  25. ^ Banks, Adelle (30 March 2012). "After Trayvon Martin Case, Churches Say ‘Stereotypes Cost Lives’". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  26. ^ Georgia Thompson, Karen (April 2011). "Committee on Ecumenical and Interfaith Relations 28th General Synod Report". Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "Marks of Churches Uniting In Christ Participation". Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  28. ^


See also

Networking Partners

Name From Until
Bertrice Wood 2002 2005
Thomas Dipko 2005 2006
Patrice Rosner 2006 2008


Name From Until
Bishop Melvin Talbert 2002 2004
Rev. C Dana Krutz 2004 2006
Suzanne Webb 2006 2011
Bishop Ronald Cunningham Jan 2011 Oct 2011
Rev. Robina Winbush 2011 Present



Former members

Partners in mission and dialogue

Full Members


  • Receive each other as Christ's church
  • Mutually recognize baptisms & members
  • Affirm apostolic creeds
  • Celebrate Eucharist together
  • Engage in mission & anti-racism
  • Promote wholeness & inclusion
  • Structure accountability, consultation & decision-making
  • Support ongoing theological dialogue

According to their website, one of the reasons for transitioning from COCU to CUIC is so that member churches "stop 'consulting' and start living their unity in Christ more fully."[27] This means that each member communion in CUIC agrees to abide by the eight Marks of Commitment, which are summarized as follows:[28]

Marks of Commitment

Racism has been a primary focus of CUIC since 2002 (and, indeed, a primary focus of COCU alongside other forms of exclusion and prejudice, such as sexism and ableism).[21] According to Dan Krutz, former president of CUIC, "Overcoming racism has been a focal point of CUIC since its beginning... Racism may be the biggest sin that divides churches."[22] Even before the absence of the AME and AMEZ churches at the January 2011 plenary, some in CUIC had noticed the lack of commitment to racial reconciliation.[23] Since 2008, however, racism has become an even more pressing concern.[24] This has led CUIC to address issues of racism in the public sphere, including the killing of Trayvon Martin[25] and the recovery from the 2010 Haiti Earthquake.[26]


The purpose of CUIC has always been unity (as reflected in their current slogan, "reconciling the baptized, seeking unity with justice"). This reflects one of the core scripture passages in the ecumenical movement, Jesus' prayer in John 17:21, "That they all may be one". CUIC has approached this goal of unity in various ways throughout its history.



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