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Central Tibetan Administration

Central Tibetan Administration
Formation 28 April 1959
Headquarters Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India
Sikyong Lobsang Sangay

The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA; Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.[2][3]


  • Position on Tibet 1
  • Headquarters 2
    • Green Book 2.1
    • Blue Book 2.2
  • Internal structure 3
    • Cabinet 3.1
  • Politics 4
    • Activities with other organisations 4.1
  • See also 5
  • Sources 6
  • Notes and references 7
  • External links 8

Position on Tibet

The territory of Tibet is administered by the People's Republic of China, a situation that the Central Tibetan Administration considers an illegitimate military occupation. The position of the CTA is that Tibet is a distinct nation with a long history of independence. The position of the People's Republic of China is that the central government of China (throughout its incarnations) has continuously exercised sovereignty over Tibet for over 700 years, that Tibet has never been independent, and that Tibet's de facto independence between 1912 and 1951 was "nothing but a fiction of the imperialists who committed aggression against China in modern history".[5] The current policy of the Dalai Lama is that he does not seek sovereignty for Tibet, but would accept Tibet as a genuine autonomous region within the People's Republic of China.[6]


The CTA is headquartered in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, India, where the Dalai Lama settled after fleeing Tibet in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule. It claims to represent the people of the entire Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai province, as well as two Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Sichuan Province, one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Gansu Province and one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province[7] — all of which is termed "Historic Tibet" by the CTA.

The CTA attends to the welfare of the Tibetan exile community in India, who number around 100,000. It runs schools, health services, cultural activities and economic development projects for the Tibetan community. More than 1,000 refugees still arrive each year from China,[8] usually via Nepal.[9] The government of India allows the CTA to exercise effective jurisdiction in these matters over the Tibetan communities in northern India.

Green Book

Tibetans living outside Tibet can apply at the CTA office in their country of residence for a so-called "Green Book," which serves as a receipt book for the person's "voluntary contributions" to the CTA and the evidence of their claims for "Tibetan citizenship."[10]

For this purpose, CTA defines a Tibetan as "any person born in Tibet, or any person with one parent who was born in Tibet." As Tibetan refugees often lack documents attesting to their place of birth, the eligibility is usually established by an interview.[10]

Blue Book

The Blue Book or Tibetan Solidarity Partnership is a project by Central Tibetan Administration, in which the Tibetan Government in exile issues any supporter of Tibet who is of age 18 years or more a Blue Book. This initiative enables supporters of Tibet worldwide to make financial contributions to help the administration in supporting educational, cultural, developmental and humanitarian activities related to Tibetan children and refugees. The book is issued at various Tibet offices worldwide.[11]

Internal structure

The Chairman of the Cabinet of the CTA, Samdhong Rinpoche, addresses a fundraising dinner in Sydney, Australia, February 2006

The CTA operates under the "Charter of the Tibetans In-Exile", adopted in 1991.[12] Executive authority is vested in the Kalon Tripa (chairperson of the cabinet, often translated as prime minister), an office currently held by Lobsang Sangay, who was elected in 2011. The Kalon Tripa is supported by a cabinet of ministers responsible for specific portfolios. Legislative authority is vested in the Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration.

The Central Tibetan Administration's Department of Finance is made of seven departments and several special offices. Until 2003, it operated 24 businesses, including publishing, hotels, and

  • Central Tibetan Administration
  • Tibet Society

External links

  1. ^ a b "Central Tibetan Administration". [Central Tibetan Administration. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  2. ^ Ben Cahoon. "International Organizations N - W". Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  3. ^ "Members". UNPO. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  4. ^ Central Tibetan Administration. "The Tibetan National Flag - The Official Website of the Central Tibetan Administration". Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  5. ^ """Tell you a true Tibet -- Origins of so-called "Tibetan Independence. National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2009. 
  6. ^ Speech of the Dalai Lama to the European Parliament, Strasbourg, October 14, 2001.
  7. ^ Map of Tibet from website of CTA
  8. ^ India: Information on Tibetan Refugees and Settlements
  9. ^ "Dangerous Crossing" ICT/Save Tibet, 2003
  10. ^ a b China: The 'Green Book' issued to Tibetans; how it is obtained and maintained, and whether holders enjoy rights equivalent to Indian citizenship (April 2006) Responses to Information Requests (RIRs). Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, document CHN101133.E, 28 April 2006). retrieved 2009-10-25.
  11. ^ "Blue Book FAQs". 
  12. ^ Staff. "Constitution: Charter of the Tibetans in Exile". Central Tibetan Administration. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  13. ^ a b Backman, Michael (2007-03-23). "Behind Dalai Lama's holy cloak".  
  14. ^ "Snow Lion Publications". 2001-09-05. Retrieved 2011-11-27. 
  15. ^ The CTA's website lists "Head of State" as "Kalon Tripa".
  16. ^ Pulman, Lynn (1983). "Tibetans in Karnataka".  
  17. ^ Pulman, Lynn (1983). "Tibetans in Karnataka".  
  18. ^ "World News Briefs; Dalai Lama Group Says It Got Money From C.I.A.". The New York Times. October 2, 1998. 
  19. ^ Conboy, Kenneth; Morrison, James (2002). The CIA's Secret War in Tibet. Lawrence, Kan.: Univ. Press of Kansas. pp. 85, 106–116, 135–138, 153–154, 193–194.  

Notes and references

  • Roemer, Stephanie (2008). The Tibetan Government-in-Exile. Routledge Advances in South Asian Studies. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.  


See also

The CTA is not recognised as a sovereign government by any country, but it receives financial aid from governments and international organizations for its welfare work among the Tibetan exile community in India. In October 1998, the Dalai Lama's administration acknowledged that it received US$1.7 million a year in the 1960s from the US Government through the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.

Activities with other organisations

Lynn Pulman, in her 1983 text on Tibetans living in India, argues that the broad goals of the CTA are to develop an intense cultural and political nationalism among Tibetans, to expand the charisma and structure of the Dalai Lama, and to establish and maintain "social, political, and economic boundaries" between the Tibetan diaspora and their host countries. To increase nationalism, the CTA has created the Tibetan Uprising Day holiday, and a Tibetan National Anthem which is sung daily in CTA-run schools. The CTA controls much of the Tibetan-language media which, according to Pulman, promote the idea that the Chinese are endeavouring to "eradicate the Tibetan race" and how it is the duty of the refugees to "maintain the greatness and vitality of Tibetan race and national culture."[16] However, Lynn Pulman's findings are not the product of systematic research, for which Lynn had insufficient time, but of information gained from informal conversations with Tibetans, observations Lynn made, supplemented with the little published material available at the time.[17]


Notable past members of the Cabinet include Gyalo Thondup, the Dalai Lama's eldest brother, who served as Chairman of the Cabinet and as Minister of Security, and Jetsun Pema, the Dalai Lama's younger sister, who served variously as Minister of Health and of Education.[13]

Finance Minister Tsering Dhondup visited Taiwan's Congress -- Legislative Yuan in 2013


[15] At the time of its founding, the Dalai Lama was the head of government and head of state of the Central Tibetan Administration. Over the ensuing decades, a gradual transition to democratic governance was effected. The first elections for an

Dr. Lobsang Sangay, Prime Minister


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