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Castle Archdale

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Title: Castle Archdale  
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Subject: Nature reserves in Northern Ireland, RAF Castle Archdale, Northern Ireland coast and countryside, World War II museums in the United Kingdom, White Island, County Fermanagh
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Castle Archdale

Castle Archdale in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland is the home of Castle Archdale Country Park, situated near Irvinestown and owned and run by the Northern Ireland Environment Agency.

Contents

  • History 1
    • World War II 1.1
  • Transport 2
  • Sport 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Castle Archdale.
Castle Archdale in the 1920s.

The park was once an estate owned by the Archdale family, who arrived in 1614 during the Plantation of Ulster. The castle was built in 1615 by John Archdale (died 1621), a Plantation undertaker from Norfolk.[1] The castle was built on a T-plan with a defensive bawn 66 ft by 64 ft and 15 ft high with flankers at each corner. He was succeeded by his son, Edward.[2] The original castle was destroyed by Rory Maguire during the Irish Rebellion of 1641. Tradition has it that all but one of Edward Archdale's children died when the castle was burnt, the youngest boy being saved by a faithful nurse who thrust him out of the window.[3] The castle was destroyed again in 1689, during the Williamite wars. In the 18th century, a mansion was built, but all that now remains is a huge cobbled courtyard surrounded by white outbuildings, housing an information centre and tearooms. The ruins of the old castle itself are situated in the old area of the park.

World War II

During World War II, RAF Castle Archdale housed up to 2,500 people and was a major base for flying boats. PBY Catalinas and Short Sunderlands flew from Castle Archdale to protect Atlantic shipping from German U-boats. Today's caravan site sits on the concrete maintenance area where aircraft were serviced, and a museum in the park holds exhibits from the World War II period.

Transport

  • There is a ferry to White Island which leaves from Castle Archdale marina.
  • Castle Archdale private railway station opened on 13 June 1866, but finally closed on 3 July 1950.[4]
  • The Wide-awake boat was kept at Castle Archdale until 1939.

Sport

A range of water and land based activities are available from a commercial outlet located in the marina car park.

References

  1. ^ "John Archdale". WikiTree. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Edward Archdale". WikiTree. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Castle Archdale" (PDF). The Plantation of Ulster:The Story of Co Fermanagh. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Castle Archdale Private station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  • Culture Northern Ireland
  • Castle Archdale During World War II

External links

  • Castle Archdale official website

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