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Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 31

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Title: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 31  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: LGM-30 Minuteman chronology, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Space Shuttle Challenger, Kennedy Space Center
Collection: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 31

Launch Complex 31
Launch site Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
Short name LC-31
Operator US Air Force
Launch pad(s) 2 (incl. silo)
Launch history
Status Inactive
First launch February 1, 1960
Associated rockets Minuteman

Launch Complex 31 (LC-31) is a former launch complex at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.

It was built in 1959 with LC-32 for the U.S. Air Force to conduct test launches of the first LGM-30 Minuteman missiles. LC-31 was built next to Navaho complex LC-9, requiring LC-10 to be demolished. These complexes were the first to feature dual launch pads, one of which was subterranean. LC 31 consisted of a blockhouse, static launch pad (31A) and missile silo (31B). The bee-hive-shaped blockhouse is 210 yards from the static pad and 330 yards from the silo.

The Air Force launched four Minuteman missiles from 31A; and 35 from the silo, 31B, between February 1, 1960 and September 23, 1969. Pad 31A was used later by the U.S. Army to test launch ten MGM-31 Pershing missiles.
Remains of Challenger lowered into silo at LC-31

The service tower has since been removed and silo filled in, although recovered debris from the space shuttle orbiter Challenger were buried in the silo.[1][2]


  1. ^ "Shuttle Debris Moved for Burial". Los Angeles Times. Jan 8, 1987. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  2. ^ Ritter, Jim (1986-11-30). "Challenger debris to be buried". Chicago Sun-Times. 


  • Wired4Space LC-31
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