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Brčko District

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Title: Brčko District  
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Brčko District

The Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brčko distrikt Bosne i Hercegovine
Брчко дистрикт Босне и Херцеговине
Location of Brčko in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Brčko in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coordinates:
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
Established by Final Arbitration Decision 5 March 1999
Government
 • Mayor Anto Domić (HDZ BiH)
 • President of the District Assembly Đorđa Kojić (SNSD)
 • International Supervisor
(Suspended)
David M. Robinson
Area
 • Total 493 km2 (173 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 93,028
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 76100
Area code(s) (+387) 49
ISO 3166 code BA-BRC
Website Official Web Site,
Official District Assembly Website
Official District Prosecutor Web Site
Map of the District
Dayton boundary lines before the formation of the Brčko District

The Brčko District (pronounced ; Serbo-Croatian: Brčko distrikt/Брчко дистрикт) in northeastern Bosnia and Herzegovina is a neutral, self-governing administrative unit, under the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is formally part of both entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina: the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The seat of the district is the city of Brčko.

History

The Brčko District was established after an arbitration process undertaken by the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Dayton Peace Accords however, the process could only arbitrate the disputed portion of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line (IEBL).[1] The Brčko District was formed of the entire territory of the former Brčko municipality, of which 48% (including Brčko city) was in the Republika Srpska, while 52% was in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since the end of the Bosnian War, the European Union (EU) has maintained a diplomatic peace-keeping presence in the area.

Brčko was the only element in the Dayton Peace Agreement which was not finalized. The arbitration agreement was finalized in March 1999 resulting in a "district" as mentioned above which was to be administrated by an American Principal Deputy High Representative who is also ex officio the Brčko International Supervisor.

In 2006, under the Supervisory Order, all "Entity legislation in Brčko District and the IEBL" was abolished. The ruling made by the Brčko Supervisor Susan Johnson abolishes all Entity Laws in the District, as well as abolishing the Entity Border Line. The ruling makes the Laws of the District and the Laws of the State of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the laws of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina) paramount within the District.[2]

Following a Peace Implementation Council (PIC) meeting on 23 May 2012, it was decided to suspend, not terminate, the mandate of the Brčko International Supervisor. The Brčko Arbitral Tribunal, together with the suspended Brčko Supervision, continues to exist.[3]

The first Brčko International Supervisor arrived in April 1997. Prior to that time, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and ECHO. The District became known as a center for different state-building programs run by foreign governments, particularly the United States.

Population

1961 census

According to 1961 census Municipality of Brčko had 62,952 inhabitants, including:

1971 census

According to 1971 census Municipality of Brčko had 74,771 inhabitants, including:

  • Bosniaks - 30,181 (40.36%)
  • Croats - 24,925 (33.33%)
  • Serbs - 17,709 (23.68%)
  • Yugoslavs - 1,086 (1.45%)
  • others - 870 (1.18%)

1981 census

According to 1981 census Municipality of Brčko had 82,768 inhabitants, including:

  • Bosniaks - 32,434 (39.19%)
  • Croats - 23,975 (28.97%)
  • Serbs - 16,707 (20.18%)
  • Yugoslavs - 8,342 (10.08%)
  • others - 1,310 (1.58%)

1991 census

According to 1991 census Municipality of Brčko had 87,627 inhabitants, including:

  • Bosniaks - 38,617 (44.07%)
  • Croats - 22,252 (25.39%)
  • Serbs - 18,128 (20.69%)
  • Yugoslavs - 5,731 (6.54%)
  • others - 2,899 (3.31%)

Government and politics

There are 29 seats in the Assembly of the Brčko District. The seats are divided as follows:[4]

By party:

By ethnicity:

By gender:

  • 26 men
  • 3 women

Settlements

See also

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Dayton Agreement, Annex 2, Article V
  2. ^ Supervisory Order Abolishes Entity Legislation, Ends Legal Significance of IEBL in Brčko District
  3. ^ Press Conference Following the Meeting of the Steering Board of the Peace implementation Council on 23/5/2012
  4. ^ GRAFIČKI PRIKAZ SALE SKUPŠTINE BRČKO DISTRIKTA BIH

External links

  • Government of the Brčko District
  • Assembly of the Brčko District
  • Statute of the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina official document (English)
  • Relevant laws of the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina (English)
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