World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Benefactive case

Article Id: WHEBN0000617841
Reproduction Date:

Title: Benefactive case  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Causative, Wappo language, Ergative case, List of Latin words with English derivatives, Ditransitive verb
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Benefactive case

The benefactive case (abbreviated BEN, or sometimes B when it is a core argument) is a grammatical case used where English would use "for", "for the benefit of", or "intended for", e.g. "She opened the door for Tom" or "This book is for Bob". The benefactive case expresses that the referent of the noun it marks receives the benefit of the situation expressed by the clause.

This meaning is often incorporated in a dative case. In Latin this type of dative is called the dativus commodi.

An example of a language with a benefactive case is Basque, which has a benefactive case ending in -entzat. Quechua is another example, and the benefactive case ending in Quechua is -paq. Tangkhul-Naga (from the Tibeto-Burman group of languages) has the benefactive case marker -wiʋaŋ.

Benefactive meaning may also be marked on the verb, in a common type of applicative voice.


An autobenefactive case or voice marks a case where the agens and the benefactor are one and the same. In Rhinelandic colloquial German, one finds expressions like:

Ich rauch mer en Zigarett.

(I smoke a cigarette for myself), where mer (for myself) is optional.

In the Colognian language, there is a compulsory autobenefactive for example with the verb bedde (to pray) when it is used intransitively:

(He is praying).

Similarly, in French one can say, in familiar but fully correct language:

(Litterally: I (to) myself smoke a cigarette. I (to) myself do a pause.)

Formally, those forms coincide with reflexives in these languages.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.