World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000287847
Reproduction Date:

Title: Belfort  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: French Figure Skating Championships, Territoire de Belfort, European route E27, A36 autoroute, Sophie Lefèvre
Collection: Communes of Territoire De Belfort, Prefectures in France
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


An aerial view of Belfort with the cathedral of Saint-Christophe in the foreground
An aerial view of Belfort with the cathedral of Saint-Christophe in the foreground
Coat of arms of Belfort
Coat of arms
Belfort is located in France
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Department Territoire de Belfort
Arrondissement Belfort
Canton Cantons of Belfort-Centre, Belfort-Est, Belfort-Nord, Belfort-Ouest, and Belfort-Sud
Intercommunality Belfortaine
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Damien Meslot
Area1 17.10 km2 (6.60 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 50,128
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
 • Urban (2008) 112,336
INSEE/Postal code 90010 / 90000
Dialling codes 0384
Elevation 354–650 m (1,161–2,133 ft)
(avg. 358 m or 1,175 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Belfort (French pronunciation: ​) is a city in northeastern France in the Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg. It is the biggest town and the administrative town of the Territoire de Belfort département in the Franche-Comté region. Belfort is 400 km (249 mi) from Paris, 141 km (88 mi) from Strasbourg, 290 km (180 mi) from Lyon and 150 km (93 mi) from Zürich. The residents of the city are called ‘’Belfortains’’. It is located on the Savoureuse, on the strategically important natural route between the Rhine and the Rhône – the Belfort Gap (Trouée de Belfort) or Burgundian Gate (Porte de Bourgogne). The city of Belfort has 50,199 inhabitants.[1] Together with its suburbs and satellite towns, Belfort forms the largest agglomeration (metropolitan area) in Franche-Comté region with an urban population of 308,601 inhabitants.[2]


  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Transport 3
    • Road 3.1
    • Air 3.2
    • Rail links 3.3
    • Local transport 3.4
    • Cycling tracks 3.5
  • Sights 4
  • Culture 5
    • Eurockéennes 5.1
    • FIMU 5.2
  • Personalities 6
    • Births 6.1
    • Deaths 6.2
  • International relations 7
    • Twin towns – Sister cities 7.1
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


November 25, 1944: a french woman exclaims to a neighbor and to an American soldier: "Tout Belfort Est Libre" (All Belfort is liberated).

Belfort's strategic location, in a natural gap between the Vosges and the Jura, on a route linking the Rhine and the Rhône, has attracted human settlement and made it a target for armies.

The site of Belfort was inhabited in Gallo-Roman times and was subsequently recorded in the 13th century as a possession of the counts of Montbéliard, who granted it a charter in 1307.

Previously an Austrian possession, Belfort was transferred to France by the Treaty of Westphalia (1648), that ended the Thirty Years' War. The town's fortifications were extended and developed by the military architect Vauban for Louis XIV.

Until 1871, Belfort was part of the département of Haut-Rhin, in Alsace. The Siege of Belfort, between 3 November 1870 and 18 February 1871, was successfully resisted until the garrison was ordered to surrender 21 days after the armistice between France and Prussia. The region was not annexed by Prussia like the rest of Alsace and was echanged by others territories in the surrounding of Metz. It formed, as it still does, the Territoire de Belfort. The siege is commemorated by a huge statue, the Lion of Belfort, by Frédéric Bartholdi.

Alsatians who sought a new French home in Belfort made a significant contribution to its industry (see Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques).

The town was bombarded by the German army during World War I and occupied by it during World War II. In November 1944 the retreating German army held the French First Army before the town until French Commandos made a successful night attack on the Salbert Fort. Belfort was liberated on 22 November 1944.


Belfort is a heavy industries place, mostly dedicated to railway and turbines. Belfort is the hometown of Alstom where the first TGVs (Trains à Grande Vitesse, High Speed Trains) were produced. As well as of the GE Energy European headquarter and centre of excellence for the manufacturing of gas turbines.


Belfort in the road and train network of Franche-Comté


Like many other European cities, motor traffic in Belfort increases continually and dominates transport.[3] Belfort is situated at only 25 mi (40 km) from the commercial port of Mulhouse-Rhin which allows international transit. Motorway A36 from Beaune to Mulhouse is routed around the south and east parts of the city. It forms the main axis linking Belfort to other French and foreign cities. A national road, N19, is another main road which joins the south of Belfort with Paris, Nancy and Switzerland.


EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse-Freiburg is located about 60 km (37 mi) east of Belfort and takes an hour to drive.

Rail links

SNCF station of Belfort-Ville

Belfort is well connected with the rest of France, major destinations such as Paris, Dijon, Besançon, Mulhouse, Strasbourg, Lyon, Marseille, Montpellier and Lille being directly possible by train., including high-speed trains. Some trains operate into Switzerland, such as Basel and Zürich stations. There is also a train service to Frankfurt am Main in Germany.

Regional services connect Belfort to Montbéliard, Besançon, Mulhouse, Vesoul, Épinal and Nancy.

After 2015, regional trains will connect Belfort with Belfort-Montbéliard TGV station using the new Belfort–Delle railway link. This service will open Belfort and its area to Switzerland and Swiss towns like Delémont, Bern, Fribourg and Lausanne will be connected to Paris and other cities by the high-speed train net.[4] Before 2020, the service Épinal-Belfort will be electrified and modernized. This will allow a link between LGV Est and LGV Rhin-Rhône in Belfort-Montbéliard TGV station, opening new destinations like Nancy, Metz and Luxembourg.[5]

Local transport

Cycling is a good way to explore the beauty of nature around Belfort

A local bus network operates within the city. The name of service is Optymo. You can find the updated details in the following site. Tickets can be bought from any newsagent in the city. Alternatively, a user can send a sms 'BUS' to 84100 and show the confirmation sms as a ticket.

Cycling tracks

The region of Belfort already has cycling tracks of around 70 km (43 mi) and still more are under construction. Visit tourisme office for the latest cycle tracks. Coulée verte in the west, malsaucy-giromany in the north and the Euro Velo6 is just around 20 km (12 mi) to the south. Numerous cycling events are organised,enabling people to explore the area in the company of an official guide.


  • Belfort is the home of the Lion of Belfort, a sculpture (that expressed people's resistance against the siege in the Franco-Prussian War (1870)) by Frédéric Bartholdi – who shortly afterwards built the Statue of Liberty in New York.
  • The Belfort Citadel - A unique example of Vauban pentagonal fortifications.
  • The Belfort Cathedral, 18th century
  • The old town
  • The Belfort city museums are structured within three main poles:
    • History (from archeology to military) in the old barracks on the top of the citadel.
    • Art (mainly from 16th to 19th century) in the Tour 41.
    • Modern Art in the Donation Jardot.
  • Since July 2007, a tourist sight of the citadel has been open to the public – with a sound-, video- and light-animated trail in the moats and the big underpass of the citadel. Its name: "La Citadelle de la Liberté" (Citadel of Liberty).
  • By climbing on a tall building or going up the nearby mountains on a clear day, the ice-capped mountains of the Alps in Switzerland can be seen.
  • Grand souterrain de la citadelle de Belfort- An underground passage of Belfort Citadel.[6]



Belfort's best known cultural event is the annual Eurockéennes, one of France's largest rock music festivals.


Belfort is also well known for hosting the annual Festival International de Musique Universitaire (FIMU) held in May each year.[7] FIMU usually involves over 250 concerts at different locations around the city and around 2500 musicians, most of them students or amateur groups from countries across Europe and the rest of the world. Music styles performed are extremely diverse and include traditional, folk, rock, jazz, classical and experimental.



Belfort was the birthplace of:


International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Belfort is twinned with:[8]

See also


  1. ^ "Population légale par commune". INSEE. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
  2. ^ "Population légale 2009" (PDF). AUTB. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Mobilité et transports" (PDF). Agence d'Urbanisme du Territoire de Belfort (in French). 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "La liaison Belfort-Delle" (in French). Facs. 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "La liaison Épinal-Belfort." (in French). Facs. 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  6. ^ La Citadelle de la Liberté, a new way of visiting Belfort's magnificent citadel (French)
  7. ^ FIMU Music festival website (French)
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Belfort - Les Relations Internationales" [Belfort - International Relations]. Belfort Mairie (in French). Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2013-12-21. 
  9. ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

External links

  • City council website (French)
  • La place forte de Belfort 1870 – 1914 (French)
  • Tourist office website
  • Visiting Belfort
  • Webpage about the fortifications
  • Léon Delarbre (French)
  • Georges Vérez. Sculptor of Belfort War Memorial.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.