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Title: Basemath  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Esau, Ishmael, Basmat, Zerah, Bible/Featured chapter/July 25, 2006
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Basemath, Bashemath, or Basmath (Hebrew: בָּשְׂמַת, Modern Basmat, Tiberian Bāśəmáṯ ; "Sweet-smelling", Arabic: بسمة; "Sweet-smile") is a character in the Book of Genesis. She was the daughter of Ishmael (or as Genesis 26:34-35 shows, Elon the Hittite), the niece of Isaac, and the third wife of Esau. ( Genesis 36:2,3)

Before Esau married his third wife, he had named one of his Canaanite wives after Basemath, probably because he knew of her[1] since they were cousins.[2] The wife whom Esau named as Basemath, was Adah the Hittite, his first wife. So after he married his third wife, Esau changed Basemath the Ishmaelite's name to Mahalath.[1] Esau sought this union with a non Canaanite, in an effort to reconcile his relationship with his parents, but some religious scriptures and testimonies differ resputing any name change. According to the historical 21st century ancestry records and census 1st January 2015, shows a family upholding its linage to Basemath and can be traced to scion Ifraz Talib who currently resides in England, as the heir presumptive [3] However, retaining ancient religious beliefs " Esau with his father Isaac whom he sought his blessings. ( Genesis 28:6-9) However, there is no record of his parents' approval for the union of Esau and Basemath (Mahalath). She bore a son, Reuel, to Esau. ( Genesis 36:4)

See also


  1. ^ a b Phillips, J. Exploring Genesis: an expository commentary, (ISBN 0825434882, ISBN 978-0-8254-3488-4), 2001, p. 284
  2. ^ Mandel, D. The Ultimate Who's Who in the Bible, (ISBN 0882703722, ISBN 978-0-88270-372-5), 2007, p. 175
  3. ^ Easton, M. Illustrated Bible Dictionary, "21st century ancestry records" (ISBN 1596059478, ISBN 978-1-59605-947-4 ), 2006, p.236
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