World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000193562
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bacalar  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Roman Catholicism in Belize, Mullins River, Postage stamps and postal history of El Salvador, Corozal Town, Internet in Mexico
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Fortress of San Felipe Bacalar

Bacalar (Spanish    ) is the municipal seat and largest city in Bacalar Municipality (until 2011 a part of Othón P. Blanco Municipality) in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Chetumal, at 18° 40' 37" N, 88° 23' 43" W. In the 2010 census the city had a population of 11,084 people.[1] At that time it was still a part of Othón P. Blanco, and was its second-largest city (locality), after Chetumal.

The name most likely derives from Mayan: b'ak halal, meaning "surrounded by reeds",[2] the name of the locality attested at the time of the 16th century arrival of the Spanish.

Bacalar is also the name of the lagoon, Bacalar lagoon on the east side of the town.

Bacalar was a city of the Maya civilization in Pre-Columbian times. This was the first city in the region which the Spanish Conquistadores succeeded in taking and holding in 1543. In 1545 Gaspar Pacheco established the Spanish town here with the name Salamanca de Bacalar. The region of the southern half of what is now Quintana Roo was governed from Bacalar, answerable to the Captain General of Yucatán in Mérida.

Bacalar Lagoon
Bacalar Lagoon

After the town was sacked by pirates in the 17th century, the Fortress de San Felipe Bacalar was completed in 1729, and may still be visited today.

In 1848 Bacalar had a population of about 5,000 people. In 1848 during the Caste War of Yucatán rebellious Chan Santa Cruz Maya conquered the town. It was not retaken by the Mexicans until 1902.

Bacalar was named a "Pueblo Mágico" in 2006.


  1. ^ 2010 census tables: INEGI
  2. ^ See entry under "Bak Halal", in Bolles (1997), based on the Cordemex Mayan–Spanish dictionary (Barrera Vásquez et al., 1991).


(Yukatek Maya) (Spanish)  
Bolles, David (1997–). "Combined Dictionary–Concordance of the Yucatecan Mayan Language" (revised 2003). Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI). Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
INEGI [Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática] (2005). "Principales resultados por localidad 2005 (ITER): Quintana Roo" ( 

External links

  • Municipio de Bacalar Official website of Bacalar Municipality
  • Bacalar Mosaico
  • Ayuntamiento de Othón P. Blanco Official website of Othón P. Blanco Municipality

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.