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Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (city)

 

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya (city)

Ayutthaya
พระนครศรีอยุธยา
City Municipality
Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Official seal of Ayutthaya
Seal
Ayutthaya is located in Thailand
Ayutthaya
Ayutthaya
Coordinates:
Country Thailand
Province Ayutthaya
Government
 • Type City municipality
 • Mayor Somsong Sappakosonlakul
Area
 • Total 14.84 km2 (5.73 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 54,888
 • Density 3,700/km2 (9,600/sq mi)
  Registered residents only
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 035
Website ayutthaya.go.th

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai: พระนครศรีอยุธยา, pronounced  (Pronunciation); also spelled "Ayudhya") city is the capital of Ayutthaya province in Thailand. Located in the valley of the Chao Phraya River, the city was founded in 1350 by King U Thong, who went there to escape a smallpox outbreak in Lop Buri and proclaimed it the capital of his kingdom, often referred to as the Ayutthaya kingdom or Siam. Ayutthaya became the second Siamese capital after Sukhothai.[1] It is estimated that Ayutthaya by the year 1600 CE had a population of about 300,000, with the population perhaps reaching 1,000,000 around 1700 CE, making it one of the world's largest cities at that time,[2] when it was sometimes known as the "Venice of the East".[3][4]

In 1767, the city was destroyed by the Burmese army, resulting in the collapse of the kingdom. The ruins of the old city are preserved in the Ayutthaya historical park,[5] which is recognised internationally as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ruins, characterised by the prang (reliquary towers) and gigantic monasteries, give an idea of the city's past splendour.[6] Modern Ayutthaya was refounded a few kilometres to the east.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Geography 2
  • Ayutthaya Town Centre 3
  • In fiction 4
  • Gallery 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

Etymology

Ayutthaya is shown in the Fra Mauro map of the world (approximately 1450 CE) under the name "Scierno", derived from the Persian "Shahr-I-Naw", meaning "New City"[7]

Ayutthaya is named after the city of Ayodhya in India, the birthplace of Rama in the Ramayana (Thai, Ramakien); phra (from Khmer: ព្រះ Preah) is a Thai royal and noble title; nakhon designates an important or capital city (from Sanskrit: Nagar); the Thai honorific sri or si is from the Indian term of veneration Sri.

Geography

The city is about 40 miles (64 km) north of Bangkok.[8]

Ayutthaya Town Centre

  • Ayutthaya Historical Study Centre
  • Ayutthaya Rajabhat University (ARU)
  • Chan Kasem Palace
  • Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
  • Wang Luang
  • Wat Chai Watthanaram
  • Wat Lokaya Sutharam
  • Wat Mahathat
  • Wat Na Phra Men
  • Wat Phanan Choeng
  • Wat Phra Ram
  • Wat Phra Si Sanphet
  • Wat Phutthaisawan
  • Wat Phuttai Sawan
  • Wat Ratchaburana
  • Wat Suwan Dararam
  • Wat Thammikarat
  • Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
  • St. Joseph's Church
  • Baan Hollanda Information Center

The city is located at the junction of the Chao Phraya, Lopburi and Pa Sak rivers, and on the main north-south railway linking Chiang Mai to Bangkok. The old city is on an island formed by a bend of the Chao Phraya on the west and south sides, the Pa Sak on the east side and the Klong Muang canal on the northern side.

The approximate centre of the old city is .

In fiction

Gallery

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ George Modelski, World Cities: –3000 to 2000, Washington DC: FAROS 2000, 2003. ISBN 978-0-9676230-1-6. See also Evolutionary World Politics Homepage.
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ http://www.nationmultimedia.com/2006/09/06/headlines/headlines_30012911.php
  8. ^ Bellamy, Patrick. "The Hunt." Hambali: Mastermind of Terror. Crime Library. Retrieved on March 17, 2014.
  9. ^
  10. ^

Further reading

  • Stefan Halikowski Smith, Creolization and Diaspora in the Portuguese Indies: The Social World of Ayutthaya, 1640-1720 (Leiden, Brill, 2011) (European Expansion and Indigenous Response, 8).

External links

  • http://www.ayutthaya.go.th/eng_travel.htm Website of municipality
  • Ayutthaya travel guide from Wikivoyage
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