World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Automotive industry in Brazil

Article Id: WHEBN0023571535
Reproduction Date:

Title: Automotive industry in Brazil  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Industry in Brazil, Automotive industry by country, Economy of Brazil, Energy policy of Brazil, Brazilian real
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Automotive industry in Brazil

The Brazilian automotive industry competed with other Latin American ones (Mexico and Argentina) comparably till 1960 but had two jumps then, making Brazil as regional leader at first and one of the World's leaders moreover. At the end of 1970s new capacities was built by US and Germany in addition to available and annual production exceeded one million and provided world's 10th place for country. After some decrease near 1990, the new and more strong growth by help of same foreign players plus Japan and France allows Brazil to beat such old auto makers as Belgium, United Kingdom, Italy, Canada, Russia, Spain, France and annual production near 3,5 million vehicles last years that is seventh largest in the World.

The Brazilian industry is regulated by the Fiat, Volkswagen Group, Ford, General Motors, Nissan Motors, Toyota, MAN SE, Mitsubishi, Mercedes-Benz, Renault, Honda, Hyundai etc., and also the emerging national companies such as Troller, Marcopolo S.A., Agrale, Randon S.A., Excalibur etc., some of them traditionally produces the modern equipped replicas of oldtimers.


The Brazilian automotive industry began with a Chevrolet, which rolled off the assembly line in 1925. [1]

In 1956, in the city of Santa Bárbara d'Oeste (São Paulo), the Romi-Isetta, an early Brazilian car, was first produced. In 1958, Toyota started to produce its famous Land Cruiser. In 1959, in the municipality of São Bernardo do Campo, the first Volkswagen factory was built. It started manufacturing the Kombi, which preceded the famous Beetle (known in Brazil as Fusca). At the same time, a Brazilian entrepreneur, Mr. Sebastiao William Cardoso, started producing an electrical small jeep called Tupi. In 1967, Puma began selling sports cars.

Chevrolet and Ford started manufacturing trucks and work vehicles and automobiles in Brazil in the 1960s. The Italian giant Fiat established its first factory in Brazil in the 1960s, and Mercedes Benz started to produce trucks and buses during this time, and eventually opened an automobile factory in 1998.

These companies dominated the Brazilian market until the middle 1990s when the Brazilian market was finally opened to imports. In the 1990s, more auto companies settled and opened factories in Brazil, including: Nissan, Renault, Peugeot, Citroën, Honda, Hyundai, Mitsubishi, Chrysler and Audi.

Currently, the most successful genuine Brazilian auto company is Troller, with its T4 and Pantanal models. It sells all over Latin America and Africa. In the last few years, the Brazilian auto industry has grown quickly, attracting investments from the main global automakers. In 2007, Brazilian production grew 14% compared to 2006 figures, reaching more than 3 million vehicles.

Since 2008 Brazil has passed France and became highest achieved world's sixth largest producer but then was beat by India in 2011 and slightly down to 7th place.

Historical production by year

Year Data 0—1 mln 1—2 mln 2—3 mln 3—4 mln
1960 133,000    
1970 416,089    
1980 1,165,174    
1990 914,466    
2000 1,681,517    
2005 2,530,840    
2006 2,611,034    
2007 2,970,818    
2008 3,220,475    
2009 3,182,617    
2010 3,648,358    
2011 3,406,150    



Foreign owned



See also


External links

  • [2]]
  • [3]
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.